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of the 

Uermotif Historical Society 

UJitb Urn ended Constitution, and Eist of Members* 

President's Bddrcss: Che Recent Discovery and 

Recovery of the Original Records of the early 

Vermont Conventions* 


Paper: "Commodore Cbomas IHacdoneugV 
lion. Charles R* Darling. 


Paper: "Soldiers of (be Revolutionary OSar Buried in 

Uermonft and Jinecdotes and Incidents 

Relating to Some of Cheat," 

Walter !)♦ Crockett. 

Ulith Eisfs of Revolutionary Soldiers Burled in Uer= 





. \fl 







43 " 

I <* Page 

-t>.' Joint Resolution of Legislature • 4 

x Act amending Charter .. . 5 

f List of Officers, 1904-5 7 

J„ OLctli.UllJ.g i/UUiuini^a •".'" j........... 8 

> List of Active Members , . .• 8 

^, -7 Corresponding and Honorary Members 14 

_ t Constitution as amended .. . 15 

"* By-Laws as amended 16 

-I* Proceedings, 1903 . . 21 

-^^ Proceedings, 1904 27 

\^j Report of Managers, 1904 28 

Necrology 38 

Recovery of Fay Records 49 

Address, "Thomas McDonough" 57 

Paper, "Soldiers of the Revolutionary War Buried in Ver- 
mont" „ 91 

Appendix , 107 

General Assembly of the State of Vermont 

Joint Resolution. 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives: 

That the Clerk of the House of Representatives be 
directed to procure the printing of fifteen hundred (1500) 
copies of the Proceedings of the annual meetings of the 
Vermont Historical Society, October 20, 1903 and October 
18, 1904, and of the adjourned annual meeting of said so- 
ciety, October 2J, 1904, including the paper read in the hall 
of the House of Representatives by the Hon. Charles H. 
Darling, Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Navy, on "Com- 
modore Thomas Macdonough/' and the paper by Waiter H. 
Crockett, Esq., on "Newly Found Incidents and Anecdotes 
Concerning Some of Vermont's Revolutionary Heroes," 
appending to the latter a list of the names of soldiers of the 
American Revolution buried in Vermont to be distributed 
as follows: 

To each member of the Senate and House of Represen- 
tatives, one copy ; to each town and city clerk, one copy ; to 
each college, normal school, academy and public library, one 
copy ; to the Governor, each of the heads of departments and 
each Judge of the Supreme Court, one copy ; to the Vermont 
Historical Society, five hundred copies; and the remainder 
to the State Library, subject to the control of the trustees 


John H. MerrieiEld, 

Speaker of the House 'of Representatives. 
Charles H. Stearns, 

President of the Senate. 
Approved December 3d, 1904. 

C. J. Bell, 


Act Amending the Charter oe the Vermont His- 
torical Society. 

// is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont: 

"An act to incorporate The Vermont Historical and 
Antiquarian Society,''' approved November 5, 1838, as 
amended and supplemented by "An act alterine the name of 
The Vermont Historical and Antiquarian Society," approved 
November 16, 1859, and "An act in relation to The Ver- 
mont Historical Society," approved November 9, 1869, is 
hereby amended so as to read as follows : 

Section i. Henry Stevens of Barnet, in the county 
of Caledonia, and Oramel H. Smith, Daniel P. Thompson 
and Geo. B. Manser of Montpelier, in the county of Wash- 
ington, and such other persons as have associated and may 
hereafter associate themselves with them, are hereby made a 
body corporate and politic, by the name of The Vermont 
Historical Society, for the purpose of discovering, collecting 
and preserving whatever relates to the material, agricultural, 
industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and military 
history of the State of Vermont ; and by the name of The 
Vermont Historical Society they and their successors may 
sue and be sued, may have a common seal, may receive by 
gift, devise, bequest, purchase or otherwise real and personal 
estate of every nature necessary or convenient for the pur- 
poses of the society, including property loaned or committed 
to it in trust or on condition ; and may hold, manage, con- 
trol, expend and dispose of the same as the best interests 

of the society demand ; and may do any and all things suited 
to the accomplishment of the purposes of the corporation. 

Sec 2. The said corporation in the election of its offi- 
cers, the holding of its meetings and the general manage- 
ment of its affairs in the respects not herein provided for, 
shall be controlled by the constitution and by-laws now in 
force and such amendments thereto as may hereafter be 

Sec. 3. When The Vermont Historical Society is dis- 
solved, the books, collections and all the property thereof 
shall become the property of the State, and the society shall 
not sell or dispose of any part of its books or collections 
except by way of exchange or to further the legitimate ob- 
jects of the society and only upon the unanimous written 
consent of the committee on library composed of three mem- 
bers appointed by the president; and any sale and disposal 
thereof except as herein provided shall be void. 

Sec. 4. The Secretary of State, Auditor of Accounts 
and the State Librarian shall be cx-ofnc'w members of The 
Vermont Historical Society and of the board of curators 

Sec. 5. The property of said corporation shall be ex- 
empt from taxation. 

Sec. 6. This act shall take effect from its passage. 
Approved December 9, 1904. 

OFFICERS 1904-5 


Vermont Historical Society 



VlCE-P&ts.uJtvi 10. 

REV. WILLIAM S. HAZEN, Northfleld. 
FRED A. HOWLAND, Montpelier. 


JOSEPH A. DeBOER, Montpelier. 


THEODORE S. PECK, Burlington. 


HENRY F. FIELD, Rutland. 


EDWARD M. GODDARD, Montpelier. 


EZRA BRAINERD, Addison County. 
SAMUEL B. HALL, Bennington County. 
REV. HENRY FAIRBANKS, Caledonia County. 
REV. JOHN E. GOODRICH, Chittenden County. 
PORTER H. DALE, Essex County. 
WALTER H. CROCKETT, Franklin County. 
NELSON WILBUR FISK, Grand Isle County. 
CARROLL S. PAGE, Lamoille County. 



F. W. BALDWIN, Orleans County. 
GEORGE BRIGGS, Rutland County. 
HIRAM CARLETON, Washington County. 
BERT EMERY MERRIAM, Windham County. 
GILBERT A. DAVIS, Windsor County. 
FREDERICK G. FLEETWOOD, Sec'y of State, ) 
, HORACE F. GRAHAM, Auditor of Accounts, V Ex-officio. 
GEORGE W. WING, State Librarian. j 


On Library. — Joseph A. De Boer, E. M. Goddard, John E. 

On Printing. — Theodore S. Peck, Fred A. Howland, Walter 
H. Crockett. 

On Finance. — Henry F. Field, Joseph A. DeBoer, Fred 
A. Howland. 


Alger, John L Johnson, Vt. 

Allen, Charles E Burlington, Vt. 

Allen, Heman W Burlington, Vt. 

Allen, Martin Fletcher Ferrisburg, Vt. 

Bacon, John L White River Junction, Vt. 

Bailey, Horace Ward Newbury, Vt. 

Baldwin, Frederick W Barton, Vt. 

Ballard, Henry Burlington, Vt. 

Barnuro, Elmer Shoreham, Vt. 

Barstow, John L Shelburne, Vt. 

Bascom, Robert O Fort Edward, N. Y. 

Beckett, George Williamstown, Vt. 

Beebe, William A Morrisville, Vt. 

Bell, Charles J Walden, Vt. 

Benedict, George Grenville Burlington, Vt. 

Benedict, Robert Dewey 363 Adelphi Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Benton, Josiah Henry, Jr Boston, Mass. 

Bisbee, Arthur Brown Montpelier, Vt. 

Blanchard, Fred Montpelier, Vt. 

Blanchard, George Lawrence Montpelier, Vt. 

Blanchard, Herbert H Springfield, Vt. 

Bliss, Charles M Bennington, Vt. 

Brainerd, Ezra Middlebury, Vt. 

Briggs, George Brandon, Vt. 

Briggs, William A ...Montpelier, Vt. 

Brock, James W Montpelier, Vt. 

Brooks, John Vail Montpelier, Vt. 

Brown, George B Burlington, Vt. 

Buckkani, Irlu .iiiie >v Heu.ij' jjumugwu, v t,. 

Burditt, Dan Deming Pittsf ord, Vt. 

Burnap, Wilder L ,. Burlington, Vt. 

Butterfield, Franklin George Derby, Vt. 

Carleton, Hiram Montpelier, Vt. 

Carpenter, Henry Otis Rutland, Vt. 

Chandler, Albert B Randolph, Vt. 

Cheney, Thomas Charles Morrisville, Vt. 

Clark, Osman Dewey Montpelier, Vt. 

Clark, Henry O Orange, N. J. 

Clark, Isaiah R Boston, Mass. 

Colburn, Robert M Springfield, Vt. 

Coleman, Edward Park Montpelier, Vt. 

Collins, Edward D.. Barton Landing, Vt. 

Comstock, John M Chelsea, Vt. 

Converse, John Heman..500 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Craig, William Boston, Mass. 

Crockett, Walter H St. Albans, Vt. 

Cudworth, Addison Edward South Londonderry, Vt. 

Cushman, Henry T North Bennington, Vt. 

Cutler, Harry M Montpelier, Vt. 

Dale, Porter H Brighton, Vt. 

Darling, Charles Kimball Boston, Mass. 

Davenport, George East Randolph, Vt. 

Davis, Gilbert A Windsor, Vt. 


i . . .- 


Davis, Edward Aaron Bethel, Vt. 

Deavitt, Thomas Jefferson Montpelier, Vt. 

Deavitt, Edward Harrington Montpelier, Vt. 

De Boer, Joseph Arend Montpelier, Vt. 

Dewey, Charles Montpelier, Vt. 

Dewey, Davis Rich Boston, Mass. 

Dillingham, William Paul Waterbury, Vt. 

Downer, Charles ; Sharon, Vt 

Dutton, Walter A Hardwick, Vt. 

Ellis, William Erba Northfield, Vt 

Fairbanks, Rev. Edward T St. Johnsbury, Vt 

Fairbanks. Rev. Henry St Johnsbury, Vt. 

Farwell, Arthur Daggett Montpelier, Vt. 

Field, Henry Francis Rutland, Vt. 

Field, Edward Davenport Montpelier, Vt 

Fifield, Benjamin Franklin.. Montpelier, Vt 

Fiske, Rev. E. S -. Montpelier, Vt 

Fisk, Nelson Wilbur Isle La Motte, Vt. 

Fleetwood, Frederick G .Morrisville, Vt 

Fitts, Clarke C Brattleboro, Vt. 

Fletcher, Allen M Cavendish, Vt 

Forbes, Charles Spooner St. Albans, Vt 

Foss, Eugene N Boston, Mass. 

Foster, David J Burlington, Vt 

Gates, Walter Benton Burlington, Vt. 

' Gifford, James Meacham 319 West 102d. St., New York City 

Gilmore, William H Fairlee, Vt 

Goddard, Edward M.. Montpelier, Vt 

Goodenough, Jonas Eli Montpelier, Vt 

Goodrich, John Ellsworth Burlington, Vt 

Goss, Frank Keeler Montpelier, Vt 

Gordon, John Warren Barre, Vt. 

Graham, Horace French Craftsbury, Vt. 

Greene, Frank Lester St. Albans, Vt 

Hall, Samuel B North Bennington, Vt 

Hamblet, Martin L. Lowell, Mass. 

Harvey, Erwin M Montpelier, Vt 


Harvey, John Nelson. . Montpelier, Vt. 

Haselton, Seneca Burlington, Vt. 

Hawkins, Gen. Rush C % . . 21 West 20th St., New York City 

Hawley, Donly C Burlington, Vt. 

Hayes, Lyman S.. . Bellows Falls, Vt. 

Hazen, Rev. William Skinner Northfield, Vt. 

Hines, G. A Brattleboro, Vt. 

Howe, Willard. Bean Burlington, Vt. 

Howland, Fred A Montpelier, Vt. 

Husband, William Walter Montpelier, Vt. 

Hulburd, Roger W Hyde Park, Vt. 

Hutchins, Robert H New York City, N. Y. 

Jackson, John Henry BarrC, Vt.: 

Jackson, S. Hollister Barre, Vt. 

Jeffrey, William H Burke, Vt. 

Jennings, Frederick B New York City, N. Y. 

Kelton, Dwight H .Montpelier, Vt. 

Kemp, Harlan Wesley .Montpelier, Vt. 

Keyes, Wade 1040-1-2 Tremont Bldg, Boston, Mass. 

Laird, Fred Leslie Montpelier, Vt. 

Leavenworth, Philip : Castleton, Vt. 

Lewis, Rev. Alonzo N Montpelier, Vt. 

Mather, Charles Duane Montpelier, Vt. 

Mathewson, O. D Barre, Vt. 

Martin, James L Brattleboro, Vt. 

McCullough, Hall Park Bennington, Vt. 

McCullough, John G Bennington, Vt. 

Mclntyre, Hamden W.. Randolph, Vt. 

Mead, John Abner Rutland, Tt. 

Merriam, Bert Emery Rockingham, Vt. 

Merrifield, John H Newfane, Vt. 

Merrill, Olin Enosburgh, Vt. 

Michaud, Rt. Rev. John Stephen Burlington, Vt. 

Mimms, John H St. Albans, Vt. 

Morrill, Charles H Randolph, Vt. 

Moulton, Clarence E , ■ Montpelier, Vt. 

Munson, Loveland Manchester, Vt. 


Noble, Robert Burlington, Vt. 

North, Clayton Nelson Shoreham, Vt. 

Page, Carroll S.. Hyde Park, Vt. 

Partridge, Frank C Proctor, Vt. 

Parker, Myron Melvin Washington, D. C. 

Pease, Frederick Salmon ' Burlington, Vt. 

Peck, Theodore Safford Burlington, Vt. 

Peck, Cassius Burlington, Vt. 

Peck, Hamilton Sullivan Burlington, Vt. 

Pennoyer, Rev. Charles Huntington Springfield, Vt. 

Perkins, George Henry Burlington, Vt. 

Piatt, Frederick S Poultney, Vt. 

*Platt, William N Shoreham. Vt. 

Plumley, Frank Northfield, Vt. 

Powers, Horace Henry Morris ville, Vt. 

Preble, Richard Henry Shoreham, Vt. 

Proctor, Redfield Proctor, Vt. 

Proctor, Fletcher D Proctor, Vt. 

Prouty, Charles A.. . Newport, Vt. 

Prouty, George H Newport, Vt. 

Putnam, George K Montpelier, Vt. 

Putnam, Ralph Wright .Putnamville, Vt. 

Quimby, William Lorenzo, Ames Bldg. Boston. Brookline, Mass. 

Ranger, Walter E . Montpelier, Vt. 

Roberts, Robert Burlington, Vt. 

Robinson, Daniel W Burlington, Vt. 

Robinson, Arthur L Maiden, Mass. 

♦Ropes, Arthur Montpelier, Vt. 

Roscoe, Edward Mortimer Springfield, Vt. 

Rowell, John W Randolph, Vt. 

Royce, Homer Charles St. Albans, Vt. 

Sargent, John G Ludlow, Vt. 

Scott, Olin Bennington, Vt. 

Senter, John H Montpelier, Vt. 

Shaw, William A Northfield, Vt. 

Sheldon, Henry L Middlebury, Vt. 



Sheldon, Ned Lewis Boston, Mass. 

Silver, Elmer E.. Boston, Mass. 

Slack, Leighton P St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Smalley, Bradley B Burlington, Vt. 

Smilie, Melville Earle Montpelier, Vt. 

Smith, Charles Albert * Barre, Vt. 

Smith, Clarence L Burlington, Vt. 

Smith, Edward Curtis St. Albans, Vt. 

Smith, Fred Elijah Montpelier, Vt. 

Southwick, John L Burlington, Vt. 

Spalding, Rev. George Burley Syracuse, N. Y. 

Stafford, Wendell Phillips St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Stanton, Zed S.. Roxbury, Vt. 

Stewart, W. D Bakersfield, Vt. 

Stickney, William B. C Bethel, Vt. 

Stickney, William Wallace Ludlow, Vt. 

Stone, Arthur F St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Stone, Mason Sereno Castleton, Vt. 

Swift, Benjamin Orwell, Vt. 

Taylor, W. H Hardwick, Vt. 

Theriault, William Napoleon Montpelier, Vt. 

Thomas, Isaac Burlington, Vt. 

Tinkham, Henry Crain Burlington, Vt. 

Tuttle, Albert Fair Haven, Vt. 

Van Patten, William J , Burlington, Vt. 

Wait, Horatio Loomis Chicago, 111. 

Waite, Herschel N Johnson, Vt. 

Walbridge, J. L Concord, Vt. 

Walker, Roberts New York City, N. Y. 

Ward, Harry Parker Columbus, Ohio 

Webb, William Seward Shelburne, Vt. 

Wells, Edward Burlington, Vt. 

Wells, Frank Richardson Burlington, Vt. 

W r ells, Henry Burlington, Vt. 

Wheeler, James R 433 West 117th St., New York City, N. Y. 

Whitcomb, Charles Warren Cavendish, Vt. 

Wilbur, LaFayette . ... Jericho, Vt. 


Wing, George Washington Montpelier, Vt. 

Woodbury, Urban A Burlington, Vt. 

Wright, George M 280 Broadway, New \ork City, N. Y. 


Benton, Everett C Boston, Mass.- 

Bixby, George F Plattsburg, N. Y. 

Canfield, James H Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 

Clarke* Albert Boston, Mass. 

Denio, Herbert W Westfield, Mass. 

Houghton, Edward R Cambridge, Mass. 

Jillson, Clark Worcester, Mass. 

Kellogg, David Sherwood, M. D Plattsburg, N. Y. 

Lord, Charles Dana Hanover, N. H. 

Phelps, James T Boston, Mass. 

Walker, Rev. Edwin Sawyer Springfield, 111. 

Winslow, Rev. Wm. Copley, D. D... Boston, Mass. 


Burgess, John W New York City, N. Y. 

Clark, Charles Edgar, Rear-Adm'l, U. S. N., Washington, D. C. 
Darling, Charles Hiram, Asst. Secy. U. S. Navy, Washington, D. C. 

Dewey, George, Admiral, U. S.N Washington, D. C. 

Simpson, John W 25 Broad St., New York City, N. Y.. 



As revised by Special Committee, submitted to the 
members, and adopted October 18, 1904. 


This association shall be called "The Vermont Histori- 
cal Su^icLjy," and shall consist of Active, Correspond 1 rg, 
and Honorary Members. 


The object of the Society shall be to discover, collect, 
and preserve whatever relates to the material, agricul- 
tural, industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and" 
military history of the State of Vermont. 


The officers of the Society, who shall constitute its 
Board of Managers, to be elected annually and by ballot,, 
shall be a President, three Vice-Presidents, a Recording 
Secretary, two Corresponding Secretaries of foreign and 
domestic correspondence, a Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper, 
a Treasurer, and a Curator from each county in this State. 


There shall be one annual, and occasional meetings of 
the Society. The annual meeting for the election of officers 
shall be at Montpelier on Tuesday preceding the third Wed- 
nesday of October ; the special meetings shall be at such 
time and place as the Board of Managers shall determine. 



All members, (Honorary and Corresponding members 
excepted,) shall pay, on admission, the sum of two dollars, 
and an additional sum of one dollar annually. 


Members shall be elected upon the recommendation of 
any member of the Society. 


This Constitution and the By-Laws may be altered or 
?m.t^d2d at the annua! meeting by a vole e>£ two-thirds uf 
the members present, provided notice of the proposed 
change shall have been given at the next preceding annual 




1. Members only shall be entitled to vote or to be 
eligible to any office. 

2. No member who shall be in arrears for two years, 
shall be entitled to vote, or be eligible to any office, and 
any failure to pay annual dues for two consecutive years, 
after due notice from the Treasurer, shall be considered a 
forfeiture of membership ; and no person thus expunged 
from the roll of the Society can be eligible to re-admission 
without the payment of his arrears. 

3. No person shall be elected an Active Member until 
he shall have previously signified his desire to become such 
in writing. 

BY-LAWS. 17 

4. The yearly assessment is payable at the time of 
the annual meeting in October. 



1. The President, or in his absence the highest officer 
present, shall preside at all meetings of the Society, and 
regulate the order thereof, and be ex-ofhcio chairman of the 
Board of Managers, and when required give the casting 

2. The Recording Secretary shall keep the minutes 
of all meetings of the Society in a suitable book, and at 
the opening of each one shall read those of the preceding 
one. He shall have the custody of the Constitution, By- 
Laws, Records and all papers of the Society, and shall give 
notice of the time and place of all meetings of the Society, 
and shall notify all officers and members of their election, 
and communicate all special votes of the Society to parties 
interested therein. In the absence of the Recording Secre- 
tary his duty shall be performed by one of the Correspond- 
ing Secretaries. 

3. The Corresponding Secretaries shall conduct all the 
correspondence of the Society committed to their charge. 
They shall preserve on file the original of all communica- 
tions addressed to the Society and keep a fair copy of all 
their letters in books furnished for that purpose. They 
shall read, at each meeting, the correspondence or such ab- 
stracts from it as the President may direct. 

4. The Treasurer shall collect, receive and disburse all 
moneys due and payable, and all donations and bequests of 
money or other property to the Society. He shall pay, un- 


der proper vouchers, all the ordinary expenses of the So- 
ciety, and shall deposit all its funds in one of the Vermont 
Banks, to the credit of the Society, subject to his checks as 
Treasurer; and at the annual meeting shall make a true re- 
port of all the moneys received and paid out by him, to be 
audited by the Committee on Finance provided for here- 

5. It shall be the duty of the Librarian and Cabinet- 
Keeper, to preserve, arrange, and keep in good order, all 
books, manuscripts, documents, pamphlets, articles, and 
papers of every kind, belonging to the Societv. He shall 
keep a catalogue of the same, and take especial care that no 
book, manuscript, document, paper, or any property of the 
Society, confided to his keeping, be removed from the room. 
He shall also be furnished with a book, in which to record 
all donations and bequests of whatsoever kind, relating to 
his department, with the name of the donor, and the time 
when bestowed. 

6. The Curators, with the President, Vice-Presidents, 
-Corresponding and Recording Secretaries, Librarian, and 
Treasurer, shall constitute a Board of Managers, whose 
duty it shall be to superintend the general concerns of the 
Society. The President shall, from this Board, appoint 
the following Standing Committees, viz. : On the Library 
and Cabinet, on Printing and Publishing, and on Finance. 

7. The Committee on the Library and Cabinet shall 
have the supervisory care of all printed publications, manu- 
scripts and curiosities. They shall, with the Librarian, 
provide suitable shelves, cases and fixtures, in which to ar- 
range and display them. The printed volumes and manu- 
scripts shall be regularly numbered and marked with the 
name of "The Vermont Historical Society/' They shall 

BY-LAWS. \ 19 

propose at the regular meeting, such books or manuscripts, 
pertaining to the objects of the Society, as they shall deem 
•expedient, which, when approved, shall be by them pur- 
chased and disposed of as above directed. They shall be 
required to visit the library at least once a year, officially, 
and shall provide a book, or books, in which the Librarian 
and Cabinet-Keeper shall keep a record of their proceed- 
ings — and be entrusted in general, with the custody, care 
and increase of whatever comes within the province of 
their appointed duty. 

8. The Committee on Printing and Publishing shall 
prepare for publication whatever documents or collections 
shall be ordered by the Society ; shall contract for and su- 
pervise the printing of the same, and shall furnish the Re- 
cording Secretary and Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper, with 
.such blank notices, summonses, labels, etc., as may be 
deemed requisite. 

9. The Committee on Finance shall consist of at 
least one member of each of the former Committees, and 
shall have the general oversight and direction of the funds 
of the Society. They shall -examine the books of the Treas- 
urer, vouch all accounts of moneys expended, and audit his 
annual report. 



1. All donations to the Cabinet or Library, when prac- 
ticable, shall have the donor's name, legibly written or 
printed, affixed thereto. 

2. All donations shall be promptly acknowledged by 

the Librarian and Cabinet-keeper on behalf of the Society, 




and shall be specified by that officer in his report to the 
Society to be made at the annual meeting. 

3. The Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper shall make a 
written report of the condition of the Library and Cabinet 
at the annual meeting. 

4. All reports of Committees must be in writing, and 
addressed to the President, and shall be recorded by the 
Recording Secretary, unless otherwise ordered by a vote 
of the Society. 

5. It shall be deemed the duty of all members, if 
convenient, to contribute to the Library and Cabinet such 
papers, pamphlets and books (rare or out of print,) as 
possess historical interest. 

6. There shall be a public meeting of the 
Society in the year in which the Legislature sits. Such 
meeting shall be under the charge and supervision of the 
President, who shall make, on such occasion, the Presidents 
address and shall also invite (with such counsel as he may 
require from the Board of Managers) to address the Society 
at such meeting, one or more speakers, on subjects relating 
to the history of this State. ■ 

7. Notices of the deaths of such members of this His- 
torical Society, and eminent Vermonters, as may decease 
during the year preceding the annual meeting of the So- 
ciety, shall be prepared under the direction of the Board of 
Managers and be read at the annual meeting, and be depos- 
ited in the archives of the Society for future use and refer- 




OCTOBER 20, 1903. 


Pursuant to printed notice, the Vermont Historical So- 
cety held its Sixty-fifth Annual Meeting at the State Li- 
brary, on Tuesday, October 20, 1903. The following mem- 
bers were in attendance : G. G. Benedict, T. S. Peck, D. W. 
Robinson and C. L. Smith, of Burlington ; F. L. Greene and 
C. S. Forbes, of St. Albans ; Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North- 
field; Z. S. Stanton, of Roxbury; M : . S. Stone, of Morris- 
ville ; Geo. Davenport, of Randolph ; Charles Dewey, H. 
Carleton, E. M. Goddard, O. D. Clark ? W. E. Ranger, F. A. 
Howland and J. A. De Boer, of Montpelier. 

Prayer was offered by the Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North- 

The record of the last annual meeting was read by the 
Secretary and approved. 

The report of Treasurer H. F. Field was presented, 
accepted and ordered to be placed on file. It showed 
a balance on hand October 20, 1902, of $314.40; receipts 
during the year of $135.60; disbursements, same period, 
$116.51 ; cash on hand, balance, $33349. 

The Librarian, E. M. Goddard, made a verbal report, 
using his journal for that purpose and offering to submit a 
written report hereafter. He discussed the needs of the li- 
brary and renewed the suggestions of his preceding re- 


On motion of Mr. Dewey, Col. O. D. Clark was ap- 
pointed temporary, treasurer in the absence of Mr. Field, 
with instructions to collect and remit dues. 

President Benedict presented the report of the Board of 
Managers, which, on motion of Mr. Dewey, was accepted 
and ordered to be recorded. 


Montpelier, Vt, Oct. 20, 1903. 
Hon. George G. Benedict, President: 

The Board of Managers respectfully submit me follow- 
ing brief report for the year ending October 20, 1903. 

During the past twelve months the Society has lost by 
death the following members : The Rev. James H. Babbitt, 
of Andover, Mass. ; Dr. James Conland, of Brattleboro ; the 
Hon. George N. Dale, of Island Pond ; the Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, of Billerica, Mass. ; the Hon. Edward Swift Isham, 
of Chicago; Major-General Wm. Farrar Smith, of Phila- 
delphia ; and Artist Thomas Waterman Wood of New York 
City. The Society was especially indebted to Mr. Isham 
for his notable address on Ethan Allen in the year 1898 and 
will never be able to repay the affectionate service rendered 
to his native State by 'Sir. Wood. We fortunately possess 
a good number of his best works in the collections of the 
Society. It is recommended that the President appoint 
members to prepare brief biographies of all these men, with 
the request that the same be ready for presentation to the 
next annual meeting of the Society and for insertion in the 
published proceedings of that year. 

Against these unfortunate and heavy inroads on our 
membership, especially grievous after the unusual mortality 


of IQ02, we are happily able to place the applications of 
thirty new members, twenty-five from Vermont and five 
from abroad, a strong list, representative of the most suc- 
cessful men in all the professions and in business. 

The proceedings of 1901-1902 have been duly published 
with the aid of the State and have been distributed, as we are 
advised, in accordance with the joint resolution providing 
for the publication. It is our hope that near-by years may 
witness a more extended work on the Society's part in the 
matter of publication. The Librarian, Mr. Edward M. God- 
dard, last year made some vci_y cugenc and practical sug- 
gestions in this regard. It would be serviceable, we think, 
to consider his report more definitely and to refer, by 
motion, so much of it as relates to this subject to the Com- 
mittee on Printing and Publication with a view to ascer- 
taining whether the Librarian's suggestions cannot be car- 
ried into practical effect during the coming year. It seems 
to us not unlikely that copy might be prepared during that 
time for a Third Volume of Transactions and that, if this 
could be done, the State would not hesitate to aid the So- 
ciety in preserving this material in published form. 

The Special Committee appointed to consider amend- 
ments to the Constitution and By-Laws have completed that 
task and report in substance no special modifications except 
in the omission of any further attention whatsoever to the 
obsolete departments of Natural History and Horticulture. 
It seems wise to us to adopt this recommendation and to 
make the amendments in phraseology required in the other 
articles, chapters and sections of the Constitution and By- 
Laws, if said recommendation prevails. 


Existing conditions, particularly when taken in con- 
nection with the work of the State Library, the State Li- 
brary Commission and other allied societies throughout the 
state, tend to confirm the quite prevalent impression that 
some better system can be devised through which mixed 
but co-related interests and works might be merged, under 
some central supervision, like the State Library Trustees, 
resulting in both greater economy and better work. It 
seems reasonable, at least, that our Society should concen- 
trate its efforts more and more on the idea of being a Society 
of publication and that ^ c nrgpnizatinn should hp extended 
with that object in view. It has been repeatedly pointed 
out that a point has been reached in the history of the State 
when failure to vigorously collect and preserve material of 
historic interest and value w T ill soon be deeply deplored. 
This subject is of so much importance that it almost seems 
absurd to expect that it can longer be ignored by the State. 
Money cannot be expended to better advantage or with more 
honor than to so use the small amounts that will meet the 
requirements of such a work. All things which relate to 
the entire history of Vermont should be collected, preserved 
and, in proper form, arranged and held for public use at the 
capital of the State, where it will be easily accessible to all. 
The splendid and unique history of Vermont should not 
be permitted to become a myth, at home or abroad, and no 
place elsewhere should be permitted to rival its collections 
here in character, volume or value. 

For work done during the past year on the Library 
and Cabinet and for additions to the collections we respect- 



fully refer you to the report of the Librarian, who will cover 
all these matters in full detail. 

Yours very respectfully. 
The Board of Managers, 

By Joseph Arend De Boer, 

Recording Secretary. 

On motion of Air. De Boer so much of the preceding 
report as relates to a third volume of Society Proceedings 
was referred to the Committee on Printing and Publica- 

The Secretary presented the Report of the Special 
Committee on Amendments to the Constitution and By- 
Laws of the Society. (See appendix B.) 

On motion of Mr. De Boer, the Managers were in- 
structed to print and to distribute to the members the Con- 
stitution and By-Laws, with the proposals of amendment 
as recommended by the Special Committee, for action at the 
meeting of 1904. 

On motion of General Peck, the President was instruct- 
ed to appoint a nominating committee of five to present a 
list of officers for the year next ensuing. The President ap- 
pointed Messrs. Peck, Dewey, Howland, Clark and Greene. 

President Benedict presented an invitation from the 
Nova Scotia Historical Society, requesting the presence by 
delegate of the Vermont Historical Society at their celebra- 
tion June 24, 1904, of the occasion when the Seigneurs De 
Monts entered Annapolis Basin and landed at Port Royal. 

On motion of Mr. Hazen, the invitation was accepted 
and the President was authorized to appoint one or more 
delegates for that purpose. 


General Peck presented the report of the nominating 
committee, which was accepted, and the following were 
duly elected for the year ensuing: 

President — Geo. G. Benedict, Burlington. 

Vice-Presidents — Wm. W. Stickney, Ludlow; Rev. 
Wm. S. Hazen, Northfield; F. A. Rowland, Montpelier. 

Recording Secretary — Joseph A. De Boer, Montpelier. 

Corresponding Secretaries — Clarence L. Smith, Bur- 
lington; Charles S. Forbes, St. Albans. 

Treasurer — Henry F. Field, Rutland. 

Librarian — Edward M. Goddard, Montpelier. 

Curators — Ezra Brainerd, (Addison;) Henry D. Hall, 
(Bennington;) Henry Fairbanks, (Caledonia;) John E. 
Goodrich, (Chittenden;) George Davenport, (Orange;) F. 
W. Baldwin, (Orleans;) Hiram Carleton, (Washington;) 
and (ex-officio) Frederick G. Fleetwood, Secretary of State; 
Horace F. Graham, State Auditor, and George W. Wing, 
State Librarian. 

The President appointed the following Standing Com- 
mittees : 

On Library — J. A. De Boer, Edward M. Goddard, 
John E. Goodrich. 

On Printing— Theodore S. Peck, Fred A. Howland, 
Daniel W. Robinson. 

On Finance — Hiram Carleton, Henry F. Field, Frank 
C. Partridge. 

The Secretary reported the following list of deceased 
members, not previously reported at any regular meeting 
of the Society : 

James H. Babbitt, Minister, Andover, Mass.; James 
Conland, Doctor of Medicine, Brattleboro, Vt. ; George N. 
Dale. Lawyer, Island Pond, Vt. ; Henry A. Hazen, Minister, 


Billerica, Mass. ; Edward Swift Isharn, Lawyer, Chicago, 
111.; William Farrar Smith, Major-General, Philadelphia, 
Pa. ; Thomas W. Wood, Artist, New York City. 

Applications for membership were received from thirty- 
seven gentlemen, thirty-one from Vermont, four from New 
York, one from Illinois, and one from Washington, D. C. 
All were duly elected by a viva voce vote of the Society. 
For names, residences and endorsements, see appendix D. 

Adjournment, subject to the call of the President and 
Secretary, was voted on motion of Mr. Dewey. 

Joseph Arend De Bokr. 

Recording Secretary. 

OCTOBER 18, 1904. 

Montpelier, Vt., October 18, 1904. 

The Vermont Historical Society met in accordance with 
the printed call, at the rooms of the Society in the State 
House, and, in the absence of the President, the meeting was 
called to order by Fred A. Howland, one of the Vice-Presi- 

E. D. Field was elected Secretary pro tempore, in the 
absence of the secretary. 

On motion of E. M. Goddard, the meeting adjourned to 
the 27th of October, 1904, at two o'clock in the afternoon, 
at the Supreme Court Rooms in the State Capitol. 

Attest, Edward D. Field, 

Secretary pro tern. 



In pursuance to adjournment, the Vermont Historical 
Society held its Sixty-sixth Annual Meeting in the Supreme 
Court Rooms in the State Capitol on Tuesday., October 2"], 

The following members were in attendance : Walter H. 
Crockett, Charles Dewey, Edward M. Goddard, Charles E. 
Allen, George Davenport, Rev. William S. Hazen, 
Charles S. Forbes, Henry F. Field, Frederick W. Baldwin, 
Hiram Carleton, W. N. Theriault, George W. Wing, Fred 
A. Howland, E. D. Field, G. G. Benedict, T. S. Peck, J. 
Henry Jackson, Heman W. Allen, Zed S. Stanton, Walter 
E. Ranger, Horace W. Bailey and George Beckett. 

Prayer was offered by the Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North- 

The Secretary being absent, Fred A. Howland was 
elected Secretary pro tempore, and the records of the An- 
nual meeting, held October 20, 1903, were read by him, and 

The Treasurer, Henry F. Field, read his report, which 
was accepted, and ordered to be recorded. See Appendix B. 

The Librarian. E. M. Goddard, read his report, and 
the same was ordered accepted and put on file. 

President Benedict presented the report of the Board of 

Report of the Board of Managers. 

Montpelier, October 27, 1904. 

To the Vermont Historical Society: 

Your managers have to report the loss by death during 
the past year of two valued active members of the Society, 




Mr. Henry Davis Hall and Major Alonzo B. Valentine, both 
of Bennington. Brief biographical sketches of these and of 
the seven members whose deaths were reported at the last 
previous annual meeting are appended to this report. Our 
membership now comprises 152 active members, 12 corre- 
sponding and four honorary members — a total of 168. We 
are glad to report the applications of 46 new members, 
whose election will swell the number of our active members 
to 198, and our total to 214. 

In compliance with the vote passed at the annual meet- 
ing of 1903, the proposed amendments to the Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws, as reported by the special committee 
previously appointed, have been printed, together with the 
articles and sections affected by the amendments, and have 
been distributed to the members. These amendments come 
up for final adoption at this time. 

Our Librarian calls attention afresh to the inadequacy 
of the accommodations of our library, cabinet and other 
property in the quarters which the State kindly places at our 
disposal in this building, and we suggest that it is time that 
the Society should earnestly consider whether some feasible 
measures of relief from the over-crowding of our book- 
shelves- and actual diminution of the space at our disposal 
cannot be devised. 

In compliance with the invitation of the Historical So- 
ciety of Nova Scotia to this Society to be represented at the 
tercentenary celebration of the first landing of Europeans 
resulting in a permanent settlement on the soil of North 
America, held at Annapolis, Nova Scotia, on the 21st and 
22nd of last June, your President appointed successively 
Gen. Rush C. Hawkins, William Copley Winslow, Josiah 
H. Benton, Jr., Esq., and Hon. Albert Clarke, as delegates 



to represent this Society upon that interesting occasion ; but 
they were constrained by imperative engagements to decline 
the appointments. 

The fact has become impressed upon your Managers, 
that there are many intelligent and public-spirited citizens, 
interested in its history and in all that tends to promote its 
interests, who need only to have their attention called to the 
excellent work which this Society is doing to induce them to 
lend their assistance to its work by becoming members. And 
they beg leave to suggest that if each of our members will 
secure the addition to our roll of a single additional mem- 
ber, our number may be doubled during the coming year, 
and the means of public usefulness of our Society appreciably 
enhanced. Blank applications for membership will be sup- 
plied by the Recording Secretary to all members who will 
use them in securing additional members. 

Respectfully submitted, 

G. G. Benedict, for the 

Board of Managers. 

The report was accepted and ordered on file. 

The President submitted to the meeting for action the 
proposed Amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws 
suggested at the last preceding Annual Meeting. All of the 
amendments were accepted and adopted unanimously. The 
report of the special committee may be found in Appen- 
dix C. 

Applications for membership were received from forty- 
six gentlemen and they were duly elected by a viva voce 
vote of the Society. For names, residences and indorse- 
ments, see Appendix D. 


Mr. Benedict proposed as an honorary member of the 
Society, the Hon. Charles Hiram Darling, Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Navy, and he was unanimously elected. 

On motion of General T. S. Peck, the President was in- 
structed to appoint a committee to nominate officers for the 
ensuing year, and the President appointed as such Commit- 
tee Messrs. Peck, Crockett and Dewey. 

General Peck presented the report of the nominating 
committee, which was duly accepted and adopted, and the 
following officers were duly elected : 

Vice-Presidents — William \V. Stickney, Ludlow ; Rev. 
William S. Hazen, Northfield; Fred A. Howland, Mont- 

Recording Secretary — Joseph A. De Boer, Montpelier. 

Corresponding Secretaries — Theodore S. Peck, Burling- 
ton ; Charles S. Forbes, St. Albans. 

Treasurer — Henry F. Field, Rutland. 

Librarian — Edward M. Goddard, Montpelier. 

Curators — Ezra Brainerd, Addison County ; Samuel B. 
Hall, Bennington County; the Rev. Henry Fairbanks, Cale- 
donia County; the Rev. J. E. Goodrich, Chittenden County; 
Porter H. Dale, Essex County ; Walter H. Crockett, Frank- 
lin County ; Nelson Wilbur Fisk, Grand Isle County ; Carroll 
>S. Page, Lamoille County ; Dr. George Davenport, Orange 
County; F. W. Baldwin, Orleans County; George Briggs, 
Rutland County ; Hiram Carleton, Washington County ; 
Bert Emery Merriam, Windham County; and Gilbert A. 
Davis, Windsor County. 

Biographical sketches were submitted of the following 
deceased members : 



Alonzo Buckingham Valentine, the Rev. J. H. Babbitt, 
General William Farrar Smith, Henry Davis Hall, the Rev. 
Henry A. Hazen, the Rev. Allan D. Brown, George Need- 
ham Dale, Dr. James Conland, and Thomas Waterman 

General Peck moved that a Committee consisting of 
Messrs. Benedict, De Boer, and Howland, be appointed to 
secure the passage of a joint resolution of the present legis- 
lature appropriating not to exceed one thousand dollars 
for the purpose of purchasing the sword used by Colonel 
Baum, the British Commander in the Battle of Bennington, 
and other relics of that battle and period, and manuscripts 
now in the possession of the heirs of the late Geo. W. Robin- 
son, of Bennington, Vt, which motion prevailed. A list of 
the articles covered by this resolution so far as they could 
be described by General Peck, is hereto attached and mark- 
ed "Appendix D." 

Mr. Baldwin presented to the meeting Mr. Hathorne of 
Ludlow., who, in behalf of the Grand Army Post of that 
town, offered as a gift to the Society a regular Confederate 
brigadier-general's uniform and the letter accompanying 
the same. On motion of Mr. Baldwin, the gift was accept- 
ed, and the Secretary was directed to extend the thanks of 
the Society to the Grand Army Post at Ludlow. 

Mr. Goddard moved that the President appoint a com- 
mittee to draft a resolution which should be presented to the 
Society in recognition of the services of Senator Proctor in 
procuring and preserving the Jonas Fay records. The mo- 
tion was carried, and Messrs. Goddard and Crockett were 
appointed a committee to prepare a resolution for presenta- 
tion at a meeting to be held the same evening. 



On motion of Mr. Howland, as amended by Mr. H. F. 
Field, the same committee elected to secure the passage of 
a resolution providing for the purchase of the Baum sword 
and other articles and manuscripts, was instructed to act as 
a committee to procure such amendments to the Act of In- 
corporation as will enable the Society to hold an additional 
amount of personal property. 

On motion of Air. Howland, it was ordered that the 
Librarian, Air. Goddard, definitely outline in a letter to the 
President his suggested plan with reference to the incor- 
ooration nf thp "Historical Society library with the State 
library in such manner as to enable the two to be distin- 
guished, and that the legislative committee heretofore 
elected, consisting of Messrs. Benedict, De Boer, and How- 
land, be authorized to formulate such amendments to the 
Constitution as to them may seem advisable respecting such 

The Secretary read the resolutions forwarded to the So- 
ciety by the Vermont Society of Colonial Dames and the 
Vermont Conference of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, relating to the purchase of Ticonderoga by the 
United States Government for the purposes of a national 
park, and requesting the appointment of a committee by the 
Vermont Historical Society to present the matter to the 
Legislature and Governor of the State of Vermont. 

On motion of Judge Carleton, the Legislative Com- 
mittee above designated was appointed to carry out the re- 
quest contained in the resolution. 

Mr. Howland called the attention of the Society to 
the offer of Mrs. Clara M. Severance to loan to the Society 
curios connected with life in the Philippines collected by 


her son. Max Severance, under the assurance from Mrs. 
Severance that these curios would be willed to the Society 
and eventually become its absolute property. On motion, 
the Society accepted the loan, and the Secretary was di- 
rected to so inform Mrs. Severance and convey to her the 
thanks of the Society. (For list of articles loaned, see 
Appendix E.) 

The resignation of H. P. Ward as a member of the So- 
ciety was offered and accepted. 

On motion of Mr. Dewey, a committee consisting of 

make arrangements for the public meeting and exercises. 

The following Standing Committees were appointed by 
the President: 

On Library— Joseph A. De Boer, E. ML Goddard, J. E. 

On Printing— T. S. Peck, F. A. Howland. W. H. 

On Finance — H. F. Field, Joseph A. De Boer. F. A. 

On motion of Judge Carleton, the meeting adjourned 
to meet in the hall of the House of Representatives the same 
evening, at 7.30 o'clock. 

A true record, 

Attest Fred A. Howland, 

Secretary pro tempore. 

, , 16Z0191 



The Society met at 7.30 o'clock P. M. in the hall of the 
House of Representatives, as provided in the motion for ad- 
journment, and the following exercises were had : 

1. Introductory remarks by President G. G. Benedict 
on "The Recent Discovery and Recovery of the Original 
Records of the Early Vermont Conventions." 

2. Paper by the Hon. Charles H. Darling, Assistant 
Secretary of the United States Navy, on "Commodore 
Thomas MacDonough." 

3. raper by Walter H. Crockett, Esq., on "Newly 
Found Incidents and Anecdotes concerning some of Ver- 
mont's Revolutionary Heroes." 

The meeting was so fully attended that all of the seats 
in the hall of the House were occupied, and chairs were 
brought in to accommodate additional guests. 

The following resolutions were proposed by the persons 
indicated, and severally adopted: 

By Judge Carleton : 

Resolved, That the Vermont Historical Society here- 
by tenders to the Hon. Charles H. Darling, Assistant Secre- 
tary of the United States Navy, its sincere thanks for his 
able and scholarly address upon "Commodore Thomas Mac- 
Donough," and requests him to supply a copy of the same 
for publication in the proceedings of the Society. 

By Mr. Baldwin: 

Resolved, That the Vermont Historical Society express 
to Walter H. Crockett, Esq., its sincere thanks for his in- 
teresting address upon Soldiers of the Revolution buried in 
Vermont and Incidents and Anecdotes Concerning Some of 
Vermont's Revolutionary Heroes, and ask him to furnish a 
copy of said address for publication in the Proceedings of 
the Society. 


By Mr. Goclclard : 

Whereas Senator Redfield Proctor, by his diligent re- 
searches has discovered the Jonas Fay records of early 
Vermont conventions, and has caused to be published and 
distributed facsimiles of the same, together with accom- 
panying documents and an explanatory statement ; there- 
for,e, it is 

Resolved, That The Vermont Historical Society ex- 
presses its hearty thanks to Senator Proctor for the valuable 
public service he has thus rendered ; and 

Resolved, That the Secretary of this Society be in- 
structed to send a copy of these resolutions to Senator 

•^iuuuaiv.i, il vvao vji^i^i^u. tuat vvnci 

the Society adjourns it be to meet in the Historical rooms 
at Montpelier, at 2 -.30 o'clock in the afternoon of November 
15, 1904. 

On motion, the meeting adjourned. 
A true record, 

Attest : Fred A. Howland, 

Secretary pro tempore. 


Pursuant to vote, the Society met in adjourned meet- 
ing at its rooms in the State House on Tuesday afternoon, 
November 15, 1904. 

The meeting was called to order by President Benedict. 

The following members were in attendance : G. G. Ben- 
edict, F. A. Howland, E. M. Goddard, A. D. Farwell, and 
J. A. De Boer. 

On motion of Mr. Goddard, W. L. Burnap of Burling- 
ton, Vt., and J. H. Walbridge of Concord, Vt., were elected 
active members of the Society. 


Arrangements were made for securing from the Legis- 
lature, then sitting, amendments of the Society's charter 
and the customary resolution for the publication of its pro- 
ceedings. For amendments to charter see Appendix A. 

Mr. Goddard, the Librarian, in accordance with in- 
struction received at the last meeting of the Society, report- 
ed his proposed plan of reorganization of the Library of the 
Vermont Historical Society. No action was taken other 
than to accept the report. 

It was voted, on motion of Mr. De Boer, to pay the li- 
hrsrinn £qj- v.;*- ^erviccc during the: year, beginning October 
I, 1904, the sum of One Hundred Dollars, ($100.00,) pay- 
able quarterly. 

Adjourned, subject to the call of the President and 

A true record. 

Attest: J. A. De Bo£r, 





The Rev. J. H. Babbitt. 

James Howard Babbitt was born in Taunton, Mass., 
January 13, 1839. He was graduated from Amherst Col- 
lege in 1865, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 
1868. He was the faithful pastor of the following Con- 
gregational Churches: In Waitsnetd, Vt, 1868-76; Swan- 
ton, Vt., i^yySy; Ilighgatc, 187887; West Brattle^ro, 
1 888- 1 900. After the latter date he resided at Andover, 
Mass., without ministerial charge. He was Secretary of 
the Vermont Sabbath School Association for eighteen years ; 
Superintendent of Schools at Swanton and Brattleboro ; and 
President of the Board of Trustees of Brattleboro 
Academy. He died of apoplexy at Andover, September 14, 
1903, leaving a widow and four sons. 

He was held in high esteem throughout his useful 
career as an able preacher and an exemplar of high ideals in 
his sacred profession and in civic life. 

The Rev. Allan D. Brown, ll. d. 

The Rev. Allan D. Brown, LL. D., was born in Bata- 
via, New York, September 2, 1848. He graduated from the 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, May 28, 1863, and im- 
mediately entered the service, being promoted through suc- 
cessive grades until in 1868 he was made Lieut.-Com- 
mander. In 1869, he began a three years' service as in- 
structor at the Naval Academy, and in 1876, was again or- 
dered to the Naval Academy as instructor, remaining there 
until 1880, and meanwhile being promoted to Commander. 


From 1SS0 to 1888, he was on duty at the torpedo station 
in charge of the training ship "Jamestown," and at the 
Naval Observatory at Washington, where he was instru- 
mental in establishing the time-ball system and railroad 
time service. 

During a voyage to Montevideo, the fever, contracted 
by him years before in the service, appeared in an acute 
form, resulting in his retirement. Going to Brattleboro to 
reside, he became a candidate for orders in the Episcopal 
Church, and was advanced to the priesthood in 1895. He 
had charge foi d. time of the episcopal Uhurch in Guilford, 
and later of the Church at Barre. 

Commander Brown was elected President of Norwich 
University December 8, 1896, and was the head of that In- 
stitution until his resignation by reason of ill health in 
December, 1903. He died, as the result of disabilities con- 
tracted while serving his country, at Waynesville, N. C, 
April 3, 1904. 

Mr. Brown was survived by a widow, two daughters, 
Mrs. George Sutherland and Miss Helen Brown, and a son, 
Pierce Brown. 

Few men have had so varied and meritorious a career. 
As a naval officer, brave in service, scientific in investiga- 
tion and scholarly as instructor at the Naval Academy, as 
contributor to magazines, as minister, as president and up- 
builder of Norwich University, his life was crowded with 
useful service, even in the days of his declining health. A 
constructive life of constant and unselfish endeavor leaves 
a splendid record of accomplishment. 




Dr. James Conland. 

Dr. James Conland of Brattleboro, was born of Irish 
parentage in Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1851. His mother died 
at an early age, and when the war was in progress, at the 
age of twelve, he found employment in the Naval office in 
Boston, and followed a sea- faring life for several years in 
different capacities, on fishing boats, coasters and West 
India vessels. After leaving the sea, Dr. Conland spent 
several years in Connecticut and Massachusetts, and while 
at work in a chair factory in Gardner, Mass., at the age of 
twenty-four, he was employed by Dr. Jri. U. Jrioiton of Brat- 
tleboro. He began his medical studies in the Medical De- 
partment of the University of Vermont, in 1875, and re- 
ceived a degree therefrom in 1878. He practiced for a 
short time in Weston, Vt, then for about two years in 
Cromwell, Conn., and returning to Brattleboro, formed a 
partnership with Dr. Holton, which continued until two 
years before his death. May 2, 1903. 

Dr. Conland, though a democrat, was elected to the 
legislature from Brattleboro in 1884, and later in 1900. 
He was for many years a member of the Board of Pension 
Examiners. He was an enthusiastic antiquarian, and had a 
rare collection of pamphlets and publications relating to 

He was the intimate friend of Rudyard Kipling, and 
his family physician while the author and his family resided 
in Brattleboro, and it is understood that the stories of his 
sea life suggested the writing of ''Captains Courageous." 
In collecting material for this novel, Dr. Conland accom- 
panied Mr. Kipling on several occasions to Gloucester and 
other points on the Massachusetts coast. 


Dr. Conland married Matilda McGuirk at Cromwell, 
Conn., in August, 1880, and his widow and one son survive 

An antiquarian ; a tolerant and well rounded man ; a 
skillful physician, beloved in a community deeply appreci- 
ative of the unsparing, generous and valuable ministrations 
of his professional life. 

George Needham Dale. 

George Needham Dale, who died at Island Pond on 
Jan. 29, 1903, was born at Fairfax, Vt., Feb. 19, 1834. 
When he was two years old, his parents moved to Waits- 
field, Vt., where he passed most of the years of his minority. 
He was educated in the schools of Waitsfield and at Thet- 
ford Academy, and studied law with Paul Dillingham. He 
was admitted to the bar in Washington County in 1856, and 
located at Guildhall, which town he represented in the Leg- 
islature in i860. He was State's Attorney of Essex County 
for the years 1857, 1858, 1859 and i860; and in 1861, hav- 
ing been appointed Deputy Collector of Customs at Island 
Pond, he moved to that place where he ever after resided. 
He was Deputy Collector of Customs from 1861 to 1866, 
and again from 1872 to 1882 ; a senator from Essex County 
in 1866, 1867, 1868 and 1869, and again in 1892-4, being 
president pro tempore of the Senate in 1868 and 1869. He 
was Lieutenant-Governor of Vermont during the years 1870 
and 1 87 1. In 1892, he was elected representative of the 
town of Brighton. From October, 1901, to October, 1902, 
he was United States Consul at Coaticook, Canada. From 
1864 to the time of his death he was counsel for the Grand 
Trunk Railway Company. 


October 7, 1863, Mr. Dale married Helen M., daughter 
of Porter and Mary Hinman, and there were born to them 
one son and two daughters. His wife and one daughter 
and the son, Porter Hinman Dale of Island Pond, still sur- 

A man of imposing presence, familiar acquaintance de- 
tracted nothing from the impression made by his striking 
personality. A great brain and a great heart were stored 
within his massive frame. Sound lawyer ship, true judg- 
ment and breadth of understanding fitted him for the high- 
est grade of legal or public service, and his great powers 
merited a wider field than he sought. 

He was a strong speaker of oratorical temperament, 
and his keen sympathy and literary taste are disclosed by 
the numerous memorials of his friends, recently published 
by his son. 

Henry Davis Hall. 

Henry Davis Hall was born in Bennington, May 5,1823, 
being a son of the late Ex-Governor Hiland Hall, who was 
for six years, 1860-5, th e honored President of this So- 
ciety. Failing eyesight preventing him from entering col- 
lege, he engaged in mercantile business and in manufactur- 
ing, being for a time a member of a firm which was a 
pioneer in American Pottery. Later he was associated with 
his brother-in-law, the late Trenor W. Park, in lumber ; and 
later in the manufacture of cotton cloth at North Benning- 
ton. He made various contributions to local history, and in 
1896 delivered an address on the Battle of Bennington be- 
fore this Society, devoted largely to a refutation of the 
claim made in the National Magazine of American History, 
that a Col. John Williams, of Hoosick, N. Y., with a body 


of New York troops, took a decisive part in the Battle of 
Bennington. He was a School Trustee and President of 
the North Bennington Library Association. He celebrated 
the golden anniversary of his marriage to Caroline E. 
Thatcher, in 1897. He died from heart clot December 15, 
1903, at the home of his son-in-law, Henry T. Cushman, of 
North Bennington, leaving the record of a loyal Vermonter, 
a Christian gentleman, and an upright citizen. 

The Rev. Henry A. Hazen, d. d. 

Henry Alien Hazen was born in Hartford, Vt., Decem- 
ber, 1827, He was graduated from Dartmouth College in 
1854, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1857; 
was ordained to the Christian Ministry at St. Johnsbury 
1858, and held the following pastorates of Congregational 
Churches: Hardwick, Vt., 1858-9; Barton, Vt., i860; Ran- 
dolph, 1861-2; Plymouth, N. H., 1863-8; Lyme, N. H., 
1868-70; Pittsfield, N. H., 1870-2; Billerica, Mass., 
1874-9. He was Secretary of the National Council of 
Congregational Churches, 1883 5 °* tne New Hampshire 
General Association, 1872-4; of the first two International 
Congregational Councils, in London, Eng., 1891, and in 
Boston, 1899. He was for several years Corresponding 
Secretary of the New England Historic-Genealogical So- 
ciety. He received the degree of D. D. from Marietta 
(Ohio) College in 1891. He was the author of various 
historical works, among them ''New Hampshire and Ver- 
mont, a Historical Study" ; "The Ministers and Churches of 
New Hampshire" and "History of Billerica. Mass." He 
was elected a corresponding member of this Society in 
1878, and remained such until his death, which took place 


at Hartford, Vt., August 4, 1900. An eminent divine and 
estimable citizen. 

Edward Swift Isham. 

Edward Swift Isham was born in Bennington, Vt, Jan- 
uary 15, 1836, being the son of the Hon. Pierpont Isham, 
Justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont. Mr. Isham en- 
tered Williams College in 1853, was graduated in 1857 with 
honors including election to the Phi Beta Kappa Society. 
He studied law at the Harvard Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Rutland, Vt., in 1858. The same year 
he went to Chicago and entered the law office of Hoyne, 
Miller and Lewis. In 1865-6 he held his only political of- 
fice, as a member of the Illinois legislature 

In 1872 the firm of Isham and Lincoln was formed, 
(of which Hon. Robert T. Lincoln, son of President Abra- 
ham Lincoln, was the junior partner) which became 
Isham, Lincoln and Beale in 1887. Mr. Isham was the 
author of the article on "The Social and Economic Relations 
of Corporations" in the Encyclopedia of Political Science" ; 
of several historical papers, including "Frontenac and Miles 
Standish in the Northwest," and "Ethan Allen: a Study of 
Civic Authority," read before the Vermont Historical Society 
November 2, 1898. Pie was a member of the New York 
Historical Society, and many social organizations. In 1893, 
his alma mater conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. Mr. 
Isham died of heart failure at the Waldorf-Astoria, New 
York, February 16, 1902. Pie married Frances Burch, 
daughter of Thomas Burch, Esq., of Little Falls, N. Y. 
She died February 9, 1894. Two sons, Pierrepont and 
Edward S., and two daughters, Anne E. and Frances, sur- 
vive their parents. 


William Farrar Smith. 

Major-General William F. Smith, the Vermont officer 
of highest rank and greatest distinction in the Civil War, 
was born in St. Albans, February 17, 1824, the son of Ash- 
bel and Sarah (Butler) Smith. 

He was appointed to the Military Academy at West 
Point in 1841, and at graduation was fourth in the class of 
1845. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 
Topographical Engineers, and from November. 1846, to 
August, 1848, was Assistant Professor of Mathematics at 
West Point. Afterward he- was engaged in the survey of 
the upper lakes and of the military road in Texas, the con- 
struction of which he superintended, and served on the 
Mexican Boundary Commission. He had risen to the rank 
of Captain and was serving as Secretary of the United 
States Lighthouse Board, when, in January, 1861, he went 
to Key West to put the lighthouses on the coast in a state 
of defence against the anticipated outbreak of the war. 
When President Lincoln called for volunteers, he resigned 
his position on the Lighthouse Board, tendered his services 
to his native state, and was appointed Colonel of the Third 
Regiment of Vermont Volunteers. He was promoted 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers August 13, 1861, and as- 
sisted General McClellan in organizing the Army of the 
Potomac. He secured the brigading together of the 2d, 3rd, 
4th, 5th and 6th Vermont Regiments, — the first brigade 
formed of troops of the same State, and the only brigade 
permanently known by the name of its State in the army of 
the Union. 

The limits of space in this report will not permit ex- 
tended mention of the facts of his long and brilliant service, 


as Commander of a Division of the Sixth Army Corps, 
Commander of the Sixth Corps, Commander of the Tenth 
Corps, Commander of the Eighteenth Corps, and Com- 
mander of the Army of the James. In October, 1863, 
he was Chief Engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, 
and planned and executed the capture of Brown's Ferry, 
thus saving the army from starvation and capture by 
opening a short route for supplies. The attempt 
thirty years later to give to another the credit for this feat, 
embittered his later years, but cannot lessen his enduring 
fame. March 7. 1867, he resigned from the Army after 
twenty-two years of service, with the rank of Major-Gen- 
eral of Volunteers. He received the following brevets : 
Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. for gallant service in the Battle 
of White Oak Swamp ; Colonel U. S. A. for like service in 
the battle of Antietam ; Brigadier-General U. S. A. for gal- 
lant and meritorious service at Chattanooga, and Major- 
General U. S. A. for similar service in the field throughout 
the war. It is a matter of record that President Lincoln 
deemed him fit for the chief command of the U. S. Army. 

After retiring from the army, he was President of the 
International Telegraph Company, Chief of the Board of 
Commissioners of Police in New York City, and in charge 
of river improvements in Delaware and Maryland. 

He married Miss Sarah Lyon, of New York. He 
died at his home in Philadelphia, April 30, 1903, leaving a 
daughter, Clara F., and a son, Stuart Farrar Smith. 

Alonzo Buckingham Valentine. 
Hon. A. B. Valentine was born in Bennington, April 
1, 1830, of Revolutionary and patriotic lineage, his grand- 
father having been a soldier in the War of the Revolu- 



tion, and his father in the War of 1812. Soon after becom- 
ing of age, he spent two years in California, was then en- 
gaged in the lumber business in Wisconsin, and later in 
manufacturing in Bennington. July 21, 1862, he enlisted in 
the Tenth Regiment of Vermont Volunteers and was ap- 
pointed Regimental Quartermaster. March 2, 1864, he was 
promoted to be Captain and Commissary of Subsistence, U. 
S. Vols., and served till the close of the war with the First 
Vermont Brigade. June 25, 1864, he was brevetted Major 
for faithful and meritorious service in the field, and was 
honorably discharged June 30, 1865. Returning: to Ben- 
nington, he engaged in manufacturing, and was at the head 
of the Valentine Knitting Company during most of the re- 
mainder of his life. He was State Senator from Benning- 
ton County 18S6-7, and held at various times the offices 
of President of the National Manufacturers' Association of 
Knit Goods ; President of the Bennington County Savings 
Bank ^ Vice-President of the Bennington Battle Monument 
Association ; President of the Reunion Society of Vermont 
Officers ; Commander of the Vermont Commandery of the 
Order of the Loyal Legion; and Commander of the Ver- 
mont Department of the Grand Army of the Republic. He 
married in 1856 Miss Alma L., daughter of Trenor W. 
Park. He died July 9, 1904. He was active in business, 
interested in the welfare of his State and in promotion of 
its interests, an esteemed citizen and upright man. 

Thomas Waterman Wood. 

Thomas Waterman Wood, artist, was born in Mont- 
pelier, Vt., November 12, 1823, of Puritan stock, son of 
John Wood and Mary (Waterman) Wood. His self-educa- 
tion of early years was fostered by instruction in a Boston 


studio. Ins 185 1. he painted portraits in Canada, Washing- 
ton and Baltimore, and in 1858 he visited Europe to critically 
study there the galleries of London, Paris, Florence and 
Rome. On his return he began to paint portraits in Nash- 
ville and Louisville, but, in 1866, he permanently settled in 
New York City as a figure painter. In 1869 Mr. Wood 
was elected an Associate of the National Academy of De- 
sign ; in 1871, an Academician; in 1879, Vice-President; and 
in 1891, President, which office he held for many years. 
From 1878 to 1887 h- e served as President of the American 
Water Color Society. Mr. Wood died in New York City. 
April 13. 1903, and was buried in Green Mount Cemetery, 
Montpelier, Vt. 

A fairly full reference to his life and work was pub- 
lished in Vol. Ill, No. 5 of "The Vermonter," December, 
1897, to which reference is made. 

He founded and established in his native town a gallery 
of art, comprising many copies of the masterpieces of fam- 
ous artists, which is one of the finest galleries of paintings 
in New England outside of Boston. 

He was an ardent Vermonter, the most celebrated 
painter his State has produced, and in his character 
and work a true, strong, sincere and honest man. No one 
has left a greater or more valuable collection of portraits 
of distinguished contemporary Vermonters than Mr. Wood, 
in which particular he did his State itself great service. Not 
the least distinction attached to his work is his unique, faith- 
ful and extraordinary success in interpreting Rembrandt's 
works, which gives to his gallery at Montpelier its peculiar 


Remarks of the President. 

One of the most important and interesting- incidents 
ever connected with the documentary history of our State, 
is the recent discovery and recovery of the long lost Rec- 
ords of the early General Conventions, in which the inde- 
pendent Commonwealth of Vermont had its birth. Not 
only have these records never until now Deen deposited in 
the archives of our State, their whereabouts has been long 
unknown to our historians, and their very existence has 
been doubted by many. 

From the year 1765, about which time the territory 
which is now Vermont began to be known by the distinct- 
ive title of "The New Hampshire Grants," down to the 
year 1775, the town committees of safety appointed by the 
settlers in the twenty odd towns on the west side of the 
mountain line which had been reclaimed from the wilder- 
ness and mainly constituted the inhabited portion of the 
State, met from time to time to take measures to resist the 
claims of the province of New York to the possession of 
their lands. Of these earliest meetings or conventions, a 
dozen or fifteen in number, no formal records, with a single 
exception, are known to exist. The outbreak of the War 
of the Revolution brought new exigencies upon the settlers, 
and called for conventions of a higher order. These con- 
sisted of delegates chosen for the purpose by the towns — 
at first by the west side towns, later by towns on the east 

side as well. 



In the period of seventeen months between July 26, 
1775, and December 24, 1777, eight of these general con- 
ventions assembled, raised troops for the Continental Army 
and for the defense of the frontier, declared the independ- 
ence of Vermont, framed and adopted the First Constitu- 
tion, and appointed the State Council of Safety, which was 
the temporary State government of Vermont for eight 
months, until, in March, 1778, the new State was fully 
organized by the election of a Governor and General As- 

x iic original records <^i uio instate Council ct »_,ci*cty 
have long been safely kept in the office of the Secretary of 
State ; but strange to say, one hundred and twenty-seven 
years elapsed before a single line of the original records of 
these most important conventions was deposited in the 
archives of our State. It was perhaps due to the lack of 
access to the records that the proceedings of these conven- 
tions received such scant attention at the hands of our early 
historians. Samuel Williams, who published the first His- 
tory of Vermont in 1794, briefly alludes to the conventions, 
but gives no extract from their records. Ira Allen, whose 
history was printed in London, Eng., in 1798, barely men- 
tions only two of the more important conventions. Before 
Dr. Williams published the second edition of his history, 
in 1809, however, he had had access to the original records, 
and in the appendix to the second volume of that edition 
he printed a part of the record of the Westminster Con- 
vention of January 15, 1777. Slade, in his "State Papers," 
printed in 1823, barely alludes to the Dorset Convention of 
July 24, 1776, saying: "There are no documents to be 
found which furnish a particular account of the proceed- 


ings." He also gives an imperfect abstract from the pro- 
ceedings of the Dorset Convention of Sept. 25, 1776, how 
obtained he does not state. 

The newspapers did a little better than the historians 
toward recording the proceedings of the conventions. The 
Connecticut Courant, published at Hartford, which was one 
of the five New England newspapers which passed through 
the fires of the Revolution and was in a way the organ of 
the Vermonters, there being no printing press at that time 
in Vermont printed in its issue of March 17, 1777, the 

"\7^rw^* T"> — lo — «-:-„ ^t T_ J J -j-^^^.i r i 

before, and in the issue of June 30, 1777, it published a 
part of the proceedings of the Windsor Convention of June 
4 of that year, which adopted the name Vermont for the 
new State. These publications probably were seen by very 
few Vermonters, and they seem to have passed out of gen- 
eral notice, until, in its issue of June 26. 1846, the Burling- 
ton Free Press printed the same documents, prefacing them 
with the erroneous statement that they had never been pub- 
lished and that their existence was now for the first time 
made known to the public, adding that they had been re- 
cently dug from some "old rubbish" at Washington, D. C, 
by Mr. Henry Stevens, "The Vermont Antiquarian." That 
the Free Press received the copies of the documents from 
Mr. Stevens is not doubted; where Mr. Stevens obtained 
them is not so sure. 

Nothing fuller or better than such fragmentary reports 
of the membership and proceedings of only three of the 
general conventions reached the public until the first vol- 
ume of the Collections of the Vermont Historical Society 
was published, in 1870. This volume contains in consecu- 


tive order the proceedings of six general conventions held 
between January 16, 1776, and June 4, 1777 — the records of 
five of these conventions and of a part of the sixth being 
copies of copies made from the original records, and fur- 
nished to the Committee of Publication (consisting of Gov. 
Hiland Hall, Charles Reed and E. P. Walton) by the late 
Hon. James H. Phelps of West Townshend. Mr. Phelps 
was a judge of the County Court, Register of Probate, and 
State Senator for two terms. He was much interested in 
early Vermont history and was in the habit of taking copies 
of imDortant documents as they came to hi^ nntirp He 
had had at one time in his possession for three days the old 
account book or ledger, long known to very few persons, 
but now become famous, in which Dr. Jonas Fay, the stand- 
ing Secretary of the General Conventions, recorded their 
proceedings for permanent preservation. Forty folio pages 
of this ledger contain the records, in the handwriting of 
Jonas Fay and attested by his well-known signature, and 
from these pages Mr. Phelps must have made his copies. 
From whom he obtained the book, or to whom he returned 
it, or where it could be found, he, so far as appears, never 
stated — his reticence on the subject being so marked as to 
compel the supposition that he had some especial reason for 
his silence. He furnished his copies to the Committee of 
Publication with the appended statement that they were 
copied by him, November 18th, 19th and 20th, 18G2, "from 
the original records." This was the extent of the infor- 
mation supplied by him to the committee. The committee, 
as they say, made careful search for the originals, but with- 
out success, and they added that they were not known to 
be in existence. 

i ■ 


The publication of the Phelps copies was followed bv 
an abusive atack on the Committee of Publication., in the 
columns of the "New York Historical Magazine/' In this 
its editor, the late Henry B. Dawson of Morrisania, N. Y«, 
charged the committee with fraudulent garbling of the rec- 
ords, basing his charge chiefly on a few unimportant changes 
in spelling made by the copyist, which he (Dawson,) had 
discovered on comparing the copies, as printed, with what 
he declared to be and in time were proved to be "the orig- 
inal minutes" of the conventions. His charges were con- 
vincingly refuted by Governor Hall, and the only import- 
ant circumstance in the matter was Mr. Dawson's claim 
that he possessed the original minutes. Where or how he 
obtained them he had a good reason for not disclosing. 
Several years later he printed the records in his magazine. 
Not much attention, however, was given in Vermont to his 
claim, or to his republication of the records, doubtless 
because of his unscrupulous character which made his word 
of small account, and because of his bitter hostility to the 
early Vermonters, whom he was wont to stigmatize as "ren- 
egades," "secessionists," "traitors," "outlaws" and "thieves." 
The later Vermonters resented his slanders and had no use 
for Mr. Dawson. 

Dawson and his magazine died, and the matter passed 
out of public notice until recalled by the recent discovery, 
among the manuscripts in the Library of Congress, of forty 
sheets of manuscript records of certain Vermont conven- 
tions. These were noticed by Mr. Albert S. Batchellor, of 
New Hampshire, when he was delving in the library for 
New Hampshire documents. The discovery attracted the 
interest of Senator Redfield Proctor. He took up a careful. 


inquiry into the genuine character of the manuscript, and 
having, through laborious investigation and voluminous 
correspondence, occupying upwards of six months, estab- 
lished the fact that these were the original Fay records, and 
having learned how they came to be in Washington, he 
had the sheets photolithographed, and printed in a hand- 
some volume, with accompanying documents and a clear 
and most interesting explanatory statement of the facts 
brought to light in his search. Copies of this volume have 
been distributed gratuitously by the Senator to the county 
clerks' offices, to the public libraries and to many private 
libraries in Vermont and elsewhere. 

From the results of the Senator's investigations it ap- 
pears that the Jonas Fay ledger passed after his death into 
the possession of the family and descendants of Dr. Jona- 
than Safford, who was the step son and partner of Jonas 
Fay; that sometime between i860 and 1870 Mr. Dawson 
found the ledger in the possession of Mr. E. B. Safford of 
West Rupert; that he obtained the loan of the book, took 
it to his home, cut from it the precious sheets, and returned 
it after a few weeks, minus the records — this without apol- 
ogy or payment. Some twenty years later Dawson tried to 
sell the manuscripts to the New York State Library for 
a hundred and fifty dollars, stating falsely, in writing, 
that he paid a hundred dollars for the privilege of tak- 
ing them "from the ledger of Jonas Fay, the secretary 
of the meetings in which the Vermonters concocted 
their treasonable schemes," and that for twenty years 
they had been the choicest treasure of his (Dawson's) li- 
brary. The New York State librarian declined to pur- 
chase, and at some later time Dawson must have sold them 


to the Library of Congress. It is not necessary to charac- 
terize this transaction on the part of Mr. Dawson. If he 
permitted judge Phelps to copy from the ledger, while it 
was in his hands, he probably pledged Phelps to silence. 

Since the publication of the facsimiles, Senator Proc- 
tor has, through a special act of Congress, procured the 
restoration of the Fay records to the State of Vermont, and 
they are now deposited in the office of the Secretary of 
State, in this building. The Senator has also obtained 
from the widow of E. B. Safford the Fay ledger, in the 
condition in which it was left after its mutilation by Daw- 
son,, and he has transferred it to this Society for future 
safe keeping. 

Upon the high value of the service rendered by Sena- 
tor Proctor in the establishment of the genuine character 
of these early records, the publication of the facsimiles and 
accompanying history, and restoration of the records to the 
State archives, I will not take time to dwell. The simple 
facts constitute a high tribute to his munificent public spirit 
and deserve grateful recognition from the citizens of the 
State he serves so well in his high office. Such recogni- 
tion would doubtless take the form most acceptable to him, 
if the Legislature would take steps to comply with the wish, 
expressed in the Senator's letter to the President of the 
Society, which prefaces the volume of facsimiles, that "the 
State would collect and preserve in convenient and acces- 
sible form everything attainable relating to the making of 
our State, including many valuable manuscripts relating to 
the history of that period, existing in the National Depart- 
ment of State, the Library of Congress, the New York State 
Library, and in our own State/' which have come under his 
eye in recent investigations. / 

$7- s* 





Mr. President, Members of the Vermont Historical Society, 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Mr. Roosevelt in his Naval War of 1812 says of Com- 
modore Macdonough : "Down to the time of the Civil War, 
he was the greatest figure in our naval history." The life 
of a naval officer is consumed largely in preparation and 

woiHticr Tf 1-iic nnnnrtunihr npvfr rnmp; hf- ra^sp? thrnncrh 

his several grades of promotion and is retired with little 
reward save the full consciousness of duties well done. If 
perchance fortune brings the supreme moment and his name 
is enrolled among the immortals his title to that fame often 
flows from capricious sources. It may follow from a ca- 
reer long and varied, it may depend upon a single conflict, 
or it may be traced to a conspicuous incident of battle. 
Paul Jones's retort, "We have just begun to fight," Law- 
rence's "Don't give up th,e ship," and Perry's message, "We 
have met the enemy and they are ours," are known around 
the world. 

Macdonough lived in a romantic age of our naval his- 
tory. He was the contemporary of Hull, Decatur, Law- 
rence, Porter, Stewart and others. The lives of many of 
these have been written, their records preserved, their mem- 
ory duly honored ; but who was this Macdonough, who, 
down to the time of the Civil War, was the greatest figure 
of them all? Lake Champlain is a small inland body of 
water and the general reader can hardly conceive that it 
was the scene of a great naval conflict, and for Macdon- 


ough, except in connection with this battle, you may search 
the pages of history almost in vain. 

His memory will always be closely associated with the 
history of this State, and it is but due to this Society that 
its records should bear a brief memorial of this remarkable 

His family, as the name indicates, was of Scotch origin. 
but owing to the disturbed condition of that country, emi- 
grated to Ireland. His grandfather, James Macdonough, 
came to America about 1730 and settled at New Castle, 
Delaware, at a place known as "The Trappe." He continued 
to reside there until his death in 1792. Thomas Macdon- 
ough, Sr... the father of the Commodore, was born there 
in 1747, and there he studied and practiced medicine until 
the opening of the Revolution. In March, 1776, he re- 
ceived a major's commission from the Continental Congress 
and joined the Colonial forces. His first engagement was 
in the battle of Long Island, in which he was wounded, and 
for gallant conduct in this action received the thanks of 
Washington. Subsequently he was in the battles of White 
Plains, Trenton and Princeton. In 1782 he was made col- 
onel of the Seventh Regiment of the Delaware^fmHtia. • 4n 
1788 he was appointed a justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas and Orphan's Court and was reappointed in .1791, and 
again in 1793. He died in 1795 at the age of 48 years. 

Thomas Macdonough, Jr., the Commodore, was born 
at the Trappe, on December 31, 1783. 

The Trappe is hardly a village or even a hamlet. It 
consists of a cross-roads with an aggregate of four houses, 
and was dignified in 1844 by the Postofhce Deoartment with 
the name of McDonough. in honor of the Commodore. In 


this case the name is spelled McDonough, as it was some- 
times used by the Commodore, but he generally spelled it 
Macdonongh and this is now the accepted spelling. 

Thomas Macdonough was one of four brothers, the 
oldest of whom served in the navy of the United States and 
lost a leg in the battle between the Constellation and 
L'Insitrgente on February 18, 1799. Thomas's early life was 
passed on. the farm at The Trappe, and he enjoyed the usual 
experiences of farmer and country boys. His early educa- 
tion must have been limited and perhaps neglected, for we 
find him serving an apprenticeship as a clerk in a ctcrc at 
the little cross-roads town of Middletown, in the State of 
Delaware, at the age of sixteen, when on the fifth day of 
February, 1800, he was appointed a midshipman in the navy 
by President John Adams. 

Midshipman Macdonough was assigned to the United 
States ship Ganges at New Castle, Delaware, which set sail 
for the West Indies against the French who were then at 
war on the sea with the United States. His first voyage was 
an unhappy one. The Ganges cruised for a time in the 
West Indies and captured two Guineamen and a French pri- 
vateer. The man-of-war at that time, unlike the warship 
of the present day, was not equipped with ice-plants, distil- 
ling apparatus and laundries, and the yellow fever broke out 
on board and many died. Young Macdonough caught the 
disease and was sent ashore at Havana. After remaining 
in a Spanish hospital for some time, he set sail in an Ameri- 
can merchant vessel for the United States, but off the capes 
of Delaware the merchantman was captured by an English 
war vessel on account of having Spanish property on board. 
Macdonough was subsequently put on shore at Norfolk, 


Virginia, destitute and almost without clothing-, and in this 
dilemma made his way home, having been absent about one 
year, during which time his illness with yellow fever had 
been reported, and his family understood that he was dead. 

On October 20, 1S01, he joined the Constitution and 
sailed for the Mediterranean, returning in May, 1803. On 
the 24th of that month he was ordered to the ship Philadel- 
phia, then fitting out, and again sailed for the Mediterran- 
ean. The Barbary States, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunis 
and Tripoli, were at that time sending' out pirates to prey 
upon the commerce of the world, and were exacting tribute 
from every nation that sent its ships into the [Mediterranean. 
England had looked with disfavor upon the growing com- 
merce of the United States and was paying extra tribute to 
Tripoli to encourage the pirate trade and for the purpose 
of destroying American commerce. The United States hav- 
ing declared war against Tripoli, a squadron was maintained 
in the Mediterranean, first under Commodore Richard Dale, 
afterward under Commodores Richard V. Morris, Edward 
Preble and Charles Stewart. The Philadelphia, commanded 
by Captain Bainbridge. was sent to join this squadron. 

The Philadelphia falling in with a pirate vessel from 
Morocco, the Mirboka, twenty-two guns, captured her with- 
out resistance and Macdonough was placed on board with a 
prize crew to take her to Gibraltar. The brig turned out to 
be the Celia of Boston which had been captured but a short 
time before and it was found that the captain carried an order 
from the governor of Tangier to capture Americans. Mac- 
donough was left at Gibraltar with the Mirboka while the 
Philadelphia went for a cruise off Tripoli. Meanwhile 
Commodore Preble arrived at Gibraltar and arrangements 


were made for the return of the Mirboka to the Emperor of 
Morocco, after which Macdonough joined the ship of Com- 
modore Preble intending to continue as a passenger until 
they met the Philadelphia, (a) They fell in with a British 
frigate from which they learned that the Philadelphia had 
run upon a reef off Tripoli and been captured with all on 
board and towed into the harbor. The officers and men were 
kept in close confinement for over a year and a half and 
while thus a prisoner Capt. Bainbridge sent a communica- 
tion to Commodore Preble advising him that he might enter 
the harbor in 3 sui3.ll vessel anr t wi7p pn^ destroy *-Viq ~Phu.t- 

Macdonough meanwhile had been transferred to the En- 
terprise, commanded by Lieut. Stephen Decatur. Upon hear- 
ing of the plan to destroy the Philadelphia, Decatur at once 
volunteered for the expedition. In November, 1804, the En- 
terprise had captured a small ketch known as the Mastico, 
on which were some Greeks, Turks and Tripolitans, among 
whom were officers and soldiers and a number of slaves. 
This ketch was selected for the expedition and renamed the 
Intrepid. Decatur was assigned to her command and Com- 
modore Stewart directed that five midshipmen be taken from 
the Constitution and the balance of the officers and men 
from the Enterprise. On February 4, 1804, Decatur 
mustered the crew of the Enterprise and, after com- 
municating to them the task he was to undertake, asked for 
volunteers. As has often been the case in the American 
navy in enterprises of great danger, officers and crew came 

(a) In some histories, as in the Vermont Governor and 
Council, it is erroneously stated that Macdonough was on the 
Philadelphia when she was captured. 


forward in a body. Decatur selected from the Enterprise 
his lieutenants, James Lawrence, Joseph Bainbridge and 
Jonathan Thorne. his surgeon, Lewis Heermann, and his 
favorite midshipman, Thomas Macdonough. Sixty of the 
crew were chosen and the party went on board the Intrepid. 
A pilot acquainted with the harbor of Tripoli, whose name, 
Decatur says, was Salvador Catalano, was sent from the 
Constitution, and Midshipman Anderson from the Siren, 
making in all seventy-one. Little time was allowed for prep- 
aration, and an hour after receiving notice, the little band set 
sail, accompanied bv the Swcn under Lieutenant Stewart 
which was to assist the ketch and in case of her destruction, 
which was considered probable, rescue her crew. Combus- 
tibles for destroying ships and two or three weeks' provisions 
were carried. 

Tripoli was sighted February y, and to avoid suspicion 
the Intrepid anchored after dark about a mile westward of 
the town. A strong gale was blowing and the pilot and 
most of the officers deeming the entrance unsafe in the face 
of the storm, the vessel soon weighed anchor and stood out 
to sea. When the gale subsided a successful attempt was 
made to enter the harbor. The Siren's character as a war 
vessel was concealed and she stood outside during the day, 
while the Intrepid, with a part of her crew below and the rest 
disguised as Maltese, maintained the appearance of being 
anxious to enter the harbor before nightfall. As darkness 
advanced the Intrepid was within three miles of the eastern 
entrance of the harbor, with the Siren three miles astern. 
The wind grew lighter and Decatur abandoned the plan of 
waiting for the Siren and gave orders to proceed, saying 
"the fewer the number the greater the honor." The plan of 


seizing the Philadelphia was agreed upon in detail and the 
officers and men assigned to divisions for the purpose of 
carrying it out, the watchword ''Philadelphia" was agreed 
upon and the ketch entered the harbor in silence. A light 
wind wafted the Intrepid up the bay, the young moon lighted 
up the water and made the concealment of the officers neces- 
sary. Now the first battery was passed and the Intrepid 
neared the Philadelphia. The enemy hailed the Intrepid, 
whose pilot, previously instructed, replied that they had 
lost their anchors in the gale and asked permission to run 

<x IGpC t'O luc mgaiv, ci.ii.Kj. FiClCI uj Uiltii SilCilGrS CGulCi l/C Sfi 

cured from the shore. The Tripolitans then asked what 
brig was in the offing, for notwithstanding their precautions, 
the Siren had been seen. The pilot with great tact replied 
that it was the Transfer, a former British man-of-war which 
had been purchased by the Tripolitans at Malta, the arrival 
of which was anxiously expected. 

As the Intrepid was closing in on the frigate, the wind 
shifted and left her about twenty yards away. 

This was a moment of great anxiety. The Intrepid, 
motionless and powerless except by movements which would 
betray her character, was directly under the guns of the 
Philadelphia. A boat from the Intrepid took a rope and 
made it fast to the chains of the Philadelphia, while a boat 
from the Philadelphia brought a rope from that ship and 
passed it to the Intrepid; the crew hauled on the lines, and 
the Intrepid was drawn gradually to the Philadelphia. When 
nearly in contact, the suspicions of the enemy were aroused 
and the cry of "Americanos" resounded through the ship. 
The Intrepid was ordered off, but in a moment more she 
closed with the Philadelphia, and Decatur gave the order to 


board. There was no time for preparation on the part of 
the enemy and they scarcely made a show of resistance. 
Crowded together and trampling upon each other in disorder 
the Tripolitans were either cut down or driven overboard. 

The American officers and men now separated in sev- 
eral parties and seized the respective parts of the ship as had 
previously been agreed upon, Midshipmen Macdonough and 
Laws seizing the berth-deck and forward store-room. Five 
minutes sufficed to clear the ship of the enemy, and Decatur 
was in full possession, destined to be her last, as his father 
had been her first, commander. In less than twcut;, minutes 
the combustibles had been distributed and set on fire, and the 
party was again on board the Intrepid. Those detailed to 
fire the ship were driven from below by the smoke, and soon 
the crackling of the flames gave indication that the destroy- 
ing element had in turn assumed the mastery of the vessel. 

The spectacle was weird and magnificent. The fire 
issued from the ports and mounted the hatchways and the 
whole ship was soon enveloped in flames, lighting up the city 
and surrounding shipping. The brilliant illumination, its 
reflection upon the water, the overhanging cloud of smoke, 
the lurid glare reflected over the quaint old city and the dark 
shadows which formed the background completed a picture 
of thrilling grandeur. As the loaded guns of the Philadel- 
phia became heated they were discharged and mingled their 
roar with that of the flames above. Those manning the 
shore batteries were dazed at first but soon recovered and 
the fire of cannon became general. In the midst of this 
scene the crew of the Intrepid gave three cheers and com- 
menced their retreat. The enemy's marksmanship was 
bad and the crew of the Intrepid were in more danger 


from the guns of the burning Philadelphia than from those 
of the shore batteries, and although under the fire of a hun- 
dred guns for nearly half an hour she was struck by only a 
single shot passing through the top-gallant sail. The crew 
made use of sweeps and favored by a light breeze were soon 
out of danger. The scene was consummated by a terrific 
explosion which announced that the flames had reached 
the magazine of the Philadelphia. She sank close to the 
shore where she drifted after the melting of her chains. 
'At the entrance of the harbor the ketch was met by the 
Siren and the iwo crews jOmcd in genei*&l fejoicing zJi the 
success of the expedition. 

This act has always been deemed one of the most bril- 
liant and thrilling in the history of the navy, and down to 
the time of the Civil War it had no equal. Nelson was in 
command of the British fleet blockading Toulon at the time 
and when the news of the achievement reached him he pro- 
nounced it "the most bold and daring act of the age." 

Congress gave a sword to Decatur and the other offi- 
cers were suitably rewarded. Nearly all of these young 
officers became distinguished in our subsequent naval his- 

Macdonough's life from the war with Tripoli to the 
autumn of 1812, when he took command of the boats on 
Lake Champlain, was that of a regular naval officer and 
sailor. During the administration of Jefferson the navy had 
been suffered to languish, and like many other officers he 
had been furloughed and joined the merchant service. 

On his return to the United States from Tripoli in 1806 
he was detached from the Siren "and ordered to Middle- 
town, Connecticut, under command of Captain Hull, and 



later to the Wasp, in which he made a trip to England and 
France, returning by way of the Mediterranean. When the 
Wasp again reached the United States, in conjunction with 
other vessels she cruised along the coast from Boston to 
Charleston for the purpose of enforcing the embargo laws. In 
January, 1807, he received his appointment as a lieutenant 
in the navy, and was ordered to the Wasp, then at the Wash- 
ington navy yard. On the last day of March, 1809, Mac- 
donough was ordered to the frigate Essex and in September 
of the same year was given charge of the gunboats in Con- 
necticut atid R.hod p Tcinnd po|nrniiirr f^ Washington 
under orders dated April, 18 10. he was granted a furlough 
of several months that he might make a voyage to the East 
Indies, but in May he was ordered to the Chesapeake for a 
period of twelve days, after which he resumed his furlough. 
Another furlough was granted him in October, 181 1; and 
July 17th of the following year he was ordered to the Con- 
stitution, leaving that ship a month later to take command 
of the vessels at Portland, Maine, and going from that 
point to Lake Champlain. 

In the fall of 181 1 there occurred an incident between 
the Secretary of the Navy, Paul Hamilton, and Macdon- 
ough which led the latter to suggest the presentation of his 
resignation. The matter was satisfactorily arranged, how- 
ever, and the request of Macdonough for another furlough, 
which was the cause of the difference, was granted by the 
Department. In reply to Macdonough's letter stating that 
he would feel compelled to resign unless his request was 
favored, he was informed that in consideration of his good 
standing his request would be granted. 


Although this was a period of peace during which Mac- 
donough was occupied with the ordinary duties of a sailor's 
life, it was not without adventure. One of these occurred 
soon after he was furloughed in May, 1810, and ordered to 
make a voyage in the merchant service. As captain of the 
merchant brig Gulliver he sailed from New York for Liver- 
pool, and later to Calcutta. On the evening of the day be- 
fore the brig was to leave Liverpool, Macdonough, who had 
been on shore, was returning to the wharf to proceed to his 
ship, when he was accosted by a man who asked if he be- 
longed to anv shin in the harbor. On his replying that ^ 
belonged to the brig Gulliver, he was seized by several men 
and taken to a British frigate, enrolled on the purser's list, 
given a hammock and ordered forward, no attention being 
paid to his assertion that he was not only an American but 
an officer in the navy. Lying in his hammock he made 
plans for his escape, and when the corporal of the guard 
had entered and gone to sleep in an adjoining hammock, 
Macdonough dressed himself in the corporal's uniform and 
walked boldly on deck. Saluting the officer of the deck he 
asked permission to examine the second cutter alongside, in 
which he said he suspected there was rum concealed. Not 
being recognized, permission was readily given, but as Mac- 
donough passed the forward hatch he saw the real corporal's 
head coming up. With a blow of his fist he sent the cor- 
poral to the bottom of the ladder and quickly swung himself 
into the cutter and severed the rope. The strong current 
soon carried the boat off and in spite of pursuit Macdon- 
ough reached the shore and joined his own ship. At this 
time he is reported to have said: 'If I live, I'll make Eng- 
land remember the day she impressed an American sailor." 



It is related that while the squadron was at Syracuse 
the officers and men were often set upon by ruffians and 
that on one occasion Decatur and Midshipman Macdon- 
ough, while passing down one of the streets of the city at 
night, were attacked by three men. Drawing their swords 
they defended themselves so successfully that the men were 
driven off, and Macdonough pursued one of them to the 
top of a house, from which the man jumped to the ground 
and perished from the fall. 

In 1806, while first lieutenant of the Siren, then lying 
in the harbor at Gibraltar. Macdonough, in the absence of 
the captain, who was on shore, rescued an American sea- 
man who had been impressed by the crew of a British frig- 
ate from one of the merchantmen in the harbor. Hearing 
of the incident Macdonough ordered his gig to be manned 
and armed and pursued the boat of the press gang, rescu- 
ing the seaman from alongside the British frigate. The cap- 
tain of the frigate went cm board the Siren in a great pas- 
sion and demanded of Macdonough how he dared take a 
man from one of his majesty's boats. He then threatened 
to bring his frigate alongside the Siren and retake the man 
by force. Macdonough replied that he supposed the frigate 
could sink the Siren, but so long as she could swim he 
would keep the man. The British made a demonstration 
as though they would board the Siren, but the prompt prep- 
arations by Macdonough induced them to give up the at- 
tempt. Macdonough was at this time about twenty-three 
years of age. 

On September 12, 1812, Macdonough, then stationed at 
Portland, Maine, was ordered to take command of the ves- 
sels on Lake Champlain. He made the journey across the 


country on horseback, carrying only a bundle and a valise, 
and attended only by a country boy who returned with his 
horse. He reached Burlington at the end of four days' 
journey and took command of the fleet, which consisted of 
*\/ two sloops, the Eagle and Grou-ler, and two or three small 

galleys. There were two other sloops on the lake known 
as the President and ^^ontgomcry, which have sometimes 
been included in Macdonough's fleet. They were, however, 
in no naval engagement and are not mentioned in any of 
Macdonough's correspondence. After he first arrived at the 
lake they :cem iz have dropped out v^f all account. From 
a study of the records of the War and Navy Departments 
the history of the two vessels may be explained as follows : 
Prior to Macdonough's assuming command of the fleet all 
government vessels on the lake were under command of 
General Dearborn of the army. At that time the sloop Pres- 
ident was included in the fleet. Under date of September 
12, 1812, the Secretary of War wrote to General Dearborn 
that a naval officer by the name of Macdonough had been 
ordered to take command of the flotilla on the lake, and 
October 16th following, General Dearborn replied main- 
taining that there should be but one commander on the lake 
and that he should be under the War Department. He pro- 
tested against a naval officer being placed in command and 
suggested an appeal to the President. He further wrote, 
however, that he had so far complied with the order of the 
Secretary of War as to turn over two of the vessels, but 
would not turn over the other unless Macdonough and the 
whole fleet were placed under his command. It is probable 
that when General Dearborn turned over the Eagle and the 
Grozvler he did not turn over the third vessel, which he 


stated he would not do unless compelled to. The third ves- 
sel, which is referred to as the President, probably continued 
in the service of the War Department. During the next 
year, 1813, the War Department purchased the Montgom- 
ery, which with the President, was doubtless used and main- 
tained by the army for conveying- troops and supplies up and 
down the lake. Niles's Register, the best authority on naval 
matters of the time, while including the President and Mont- 
gomery in Macdonough's fleet, states that the President 
was purchased by the War Department in 181 2 and the 
Montgomery in 181^; f ^ f thev ^^r^ nni- in the. naval en- 
gagement on the lake, and were sold in 181 5. The War 
Department is not mentioned by Niles as having any con- 
nection with any other vessel in Macdonough's fleet, and 
while Macdonough commanded the entire naval flotilla upon 
the lake, these two vessels, the President and Montgomery, 
were retained and used exclusively in the service of the 
War Department and were at no tinie any part of Macdon- 
ough's fleet. 

Upon his arrival at the lake Macdonough commenced 
at once to collect men, ammunition and supplies, but dur- 
ing the fall of 1812 and summer of 1813 little was accom- 
plished. The British continued to control the north end of 
the lake and during the summer of 181 3 Macdonough sent 
the Eagle and Growler under Lieutenant Sidney Smith to 
drive the enemy down the lake. The British retired and 
Smith, following rashly, struck a rapid current in shoal 
water, grounded and lost both vessels to the enemy. Thus 
at the close of 181 3 the British were virtually in command 
of the lake. 

The fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in April. 1814, had 
relieved England from her struggle with France and left her 


free to pursue the war in America. She organized a large 
force in Canada for the purpose of driving the Americans 
from the lake and surrounding country, with the intention 
of making connections with New York by way of the Hud- 
son River, with a view to cutting off New England from 
the other States. The forces on land were commanded by 
Sir George Prevost and on the lake by Captain George 

Macdonough had purchased a sloop from the lake ser- 
vice known as the Rising Sun and rechristened her the 
Preble. IIv also pui chafed a steamboat, probaoiy ine one 
known as the Vermont, and rechristened her the Ticondcr- 
oga. This is the first case in which steam power was ap- 
plied to a naval vessel, but as her engines were constantly 
breaking down, Macdonough soon determined to take out 
the machinery and refit her as a schooner. 

Hearing of the intended invasion, Macdonough re- 
paired to Vergennes, about seven miles up the Otter Creek, 
to overhaul the Ticonderoga and Preble and to build a ship 
and some large galleys. Vergennes for those times was 
something of a centre of industry. There were several saw- 
mills, a grist-mill, a slitting-mill, a shop for making nails, 
a steel foundry and several forges. One foundry alone had 
nine fires. Iron ore was mined at Monkton, a town near by, 
and large tracts of timber land were easily available. At 
one of the foundries one hundred and twenty-seven tons of 
cannon shot were cast for the fleet. 

The winter was well advanced before any considerable 
work was done on the vessels, but early in the spring the 
woods and valleys around rang with the sound of axe and 
hammer. In a letter written by Daniel Wright in 1835 he 


states that in March, 1814, he was called into the service of 
the United States to aid in forwarding timber to the ship- 
yard at Vergennes to build three large vessels for the lake 
and several gunboats. Fifty men were sent to his house to 
be boarded while they were cutting timber. He labored 
with them with a team of his own. The order to procure 
and forward the timber was executed in five and a half days 
by one hundred and ten men. 

The three vessels referred to in this letter must have 
been the Ticondcroga, the Preble and Saratoga. The trees 
uui. uf >vliiv_li the Saratoga was built were standing in the 
forest forty days previous to her being launched. 

May 14, 1813, before Macdonough had got his fleet 
out of the creek, the British sent a sloop and sixteen galleys 
to destroy it as it lay at anchor. They attacked the battery 
at the mouth of the creek, but Macdonough, with what ves- 
sels he had afloat, dropped down the creek and put the 
enemy to flight. Local historians maintain that this en- 
gagement is entitled to more serious consideration than has 
been given it in history. 

In July following Macdonough learned that the British 
had laid the keel of a new frigate at the lower end of the 
lake. He again commenced preparations for building and 
the country around Vergennes was again enlivened by his 
work upon a new brig. The keel was laid on July 29th, and 
she was launched on August 16th, nineteen days after the 
laying of the keel, including Sundays. This brig was also 
named the Eagle and was substantially of the same size as 
Perry's flagships Lawrence and Niagara on Lake Erie, while 
the Saratoga was much superior to Perry's largest vessel. 
The time in which Perry built his ships has often been men- 


tioned in praise and wonder, but Macdonough's ships were 
not only of larger tonnage but were built and completed in 
a shorter time. 

When Macdonough had completed his brig he crossed 
the lake and took up his position in Plattsburgh Bay. His 
fleet then consisted of the Eagle, the Ticonderoga, and the 
Preble, with four small and six large galleys. He reasoned 
that the British would not venture to pass up the lake and 
leave his fleet to harass them in the rear, and determined to 
anchor his vessels, await the attack of the British and fight 
his ships a ^ anchor. Pants in JPownie's fleet sliphtJy cur. 
passed that of Macdonough in number, tonnage, battery and 

Spear, in "The History of Our Navy," says "the two 
leading British ships had as great a weight of metal in long 
guns as the whole Yankee squadron, gunboats and all." 

Cooper, in his Naval History, says : "The force of the 
enemy was materially greater than that of the Americans." 

Mr. Roosevelt, in his Naval War of 1812, has made a 
careful and detailed analysis of the strength of the respect- 
ive forces, as follows : 


Name. Tons. ( 

Saratoga 734 

Eagle 500 

Ticonderoga 350 

Preble 80 

Six. gun-boats 420 

Four gun-boats 160 












downie's squadron. 

Confiance 1200 325 480 

Linnet 350 125 96 

Chubb 112 50 96 

Finch 1 10 50 84 

Five gun-boats 350 205 254 

Seven gun-boats 280 182 182 

Macdonough's Force. — Fourteen vessels of 2.244 tons 
and 882 men, with 86 guns throwing a broadside of 1,194 
pounds of shot, 480 pounds from long and 714 from short 

Jjownie's Squadron- — Sixteen vessels ot about 2,402 
tons, with 937 men, and a total of 92 guns, throwing a broad- 
side of 1,192 pounds. 660 from long and 532 from short 

To understand fully the consummate skill with which 
Macdonough placed his fleet it is necessary to explain that 
the lake is a narrow body of water, running, unlike most of 
the waters of the United States, from the south toward the 
north. Such is its shape and that of the mountains about 
it that the wind commonly blows either directly up or down 
the lake. 

Much credit has always been given to the manner in 
which Macdonough anchored his ships. The histories of 
the battle invariably speak of his having anchored with 
"springs," but never explain what is meant by anchoring 
with a spring. The purpose of anchoring with a spring is 
to enable the ship to be turned while lying at anchor, but as 
this is purely a nautical term it is necessary to explain at 
some length just how this is accomplished. If a string be 
attached to a float in a running stream the float will bring 
up with the end to which the string is attached pointing up 


stream. In a like manner if an anchor is thrown out from 
the prow or stern of a ship the ship will bring up with the 
stem or prow to which the anchor is attached facing up the 
current, or into the wind if the sails are set and that is the 
controlling force. If after the ship is so brought up a sec- 
ond anchor is dropped from the stern or other end of the 
ship, and the first anchor is raised, the ship will immediately 
turn about and the stern, to which the second anchor is at- 
tached, will face up the current or into the wind as the case 
may be. If a line is carried from a ship swinging at anchor 
to Qnmp fiv^ri oKj eC f on chore or at some distance From the 
side of the ship and the line pulled in, the ship will swing 
around or be drawn toward the object to which the line is 
attached. To accomplish this small anchors, known as 
"kedge" anchors are frequently carried out in boats from the 
ship and dropped at some distance. Lines may also be car- 
ried from the main anchor chains to different parts of the 
ship for the same purpose. This is what is meant by an- 
choring with a spring. 

Macdonough availed himself of all these expedients. 
He dropped an anchor from the bow, another from the 
stern ; he attached lines to the anchor chains, and he also 
carried out kedge anchors to either side of the ship and in 
this manner by raising or letting go on one anchor and pull- 
ing in on different lines he was able to turn and manoeuver 
his ships. 

The American fleet was formed in a double line of bat- 
tle across the entrance to Plattsburg Bay from Cumberland 
Head toward Crab Island. In the outer line were the Eagle, 
Saratoga, Ticonderoga and Preble, in order named from 
Cumberland Head southward, while the gunboats made up 


the inner line. The British line from the north southward 
was as follows : Chubb, Linnet, Confiance and Finch, with 
the gunboats between the two latter vessels and extending 
the line. By this formation Macdonough prevented Dow- 
nie's ships from passing around his line of battle on account 
of shoal water at the ends of the line and in addition the 
British commander was unable to draw out his full line 
unless he did so outside the bay. 

At a little past eight on a beautiful Sunday morning, 
September n, 1814, the British hove around Cumberland 
Head. Macdonough knelt in prayer on thp rWk anrl await- 
ed the enemy. When the Confiance had come into full view 
Downie hove to for the purpose of allowing his gunboats to 
come up. He then ordered them to attack the southern end 
of the American line, and while the Chubb and Linnet at- 
tempted to turn the northerly end of the line, he proceeded 
to attack the Saratoga and Ticondcroga with his own ship 
and the Finch. Macdonough waited until the Confiance 
came within range and then fired the first gun himself. The 
twenty-four pound shot raked the deck of the Confiance, 
killing and wounding several men and carrying away her 
wheel. This was the signal for general firing on the part 
of the Americans. The Confiance held her fire until within 
a short distance of the Saratoga and then discharged a 
broadside with terrific effect, killing and wounding nearly 
forty men. The battle thereupon became general and was 
waged with great fierceness all along the line. Macdonough 
himself was twice knocked down, once by a falling spar and 
again by being struck with the head of one of his men which 
had been severed by a cannon ball and hurled against him 
with great force. The Finch, being disabled by the Ticon- 


dcroga early in the engagement, drifted down toward Crab 
Island, where she was fired upon by a shore battery manned 
by invalids and surrendered. The Eagle had her springs 
shot away and drifted down to the west side of the line, 
which enabled the Linnet to turn the American line at the 
north. Nearly all the guns of the Saratoga and many on 
the Con-fiance were rendered useless. In this situation the 
forethought of Macdonough in setting springs enabled him 
to swing his ship around and bring his fresh port battery 
into action. The British commander tried the same ma- 

ough's expedient turned the battle in his favor and at the 
end of two hours and thirty minutes the British struck, and 
Macdonough had enrolled his name among the greatest of 
American naval heroes. 

While the naval engagement was going on General Pre- 
vost engaged the forces on shore, but learning of the dis- 
aster to the British fleet, withdrew in disorder, leaving the 
American forces in undisputed possession of the northern 
border. Macdonough's victory was the beginning of the end 
of the war and contributed much in securing favorable nego- 
tiations for peace. 

Much has been said about the manner in which the 
American land forces, two thousand in number, repulsed the 
British army, fourteen thousand in number, at Plattsburg. 
But it must be remembered that the British expedition, as 
well land as naval had for its object the seizure of Crown 
Point and the opening of communication from the upper end 
of the lake to the Hudson River. It therefore became nec- 
essary that the British should gain the mastery of the lake 
in order to make the expedition successful, either with re- 


spcct to land or naval forces. While the American forces 
on land were holding their position against the British dur- 
ing the engagement on the water, it is hardly to be supposed 
that the two thousand militia would have long endured 
against the fourteen thousand British regulars, had the naval 
engagement terminated in favor of the British. All honor 
is, therefore, due to Macdonough in the engagement, for the 
victory upon land as well as water. Nor can too much be 
said in praise of his plan of battle or its execution. 

His victory was due to three distinguishing causes. 
Pirst Cumberland H oo d * iif ° -->■<■•*- from iH r New York chore 
toward the east and south, forming Plattsburg Bay. Across 
this bay from Cumberland Head toward Crab Island Mac- 
donough placed his fleet, knowing that the British would not 
dare pass up the lake leaving him to harass their rear. He 
thereby compelled the British to tack around Cumberland 
Head and attack his fleet, bows on, thus exposing themselves 
to a raking fire from Macdonough's broadsides. By so 
doing Macdonough accomplished what rarely occurs in a sea 
fight, namely, chose his own position and forced the enemy 
to attack him to the enemy's greatest disadvantage. In 
short he forced the enemy to attack him where he chose and 
as he chose. 

The second cause was his superior seamanship in the 
manner in wheh he set his springs, as before described, and 
the ability with which he afterward manoeuvered or winded 
his ships. 

The third cause of victory lay in the superiority of his 
marksmanship and the valor and persistence with which his 
ships were fought. The ships of either side were not in- 
ferior in size or armament to the majority of the deep sea 


men-of-wars-men of the time. Macdonough's flag ship and 
the British flagship, the Confiauce, were each somewhat 
smaller than the Constitution, but they were larger than the 
Peacock, Wasp, Hornet, Intrepid, Boxer, Enterprise, Bonne 
Homme Richard and all other famous ships of the navy up 
to that time, save the Constitution, the President and their 
class. Both the Saratoga and the Ticonderoga were larger 
than the flagships Niagara and -Lawrence of Perry's fleet, or 
any of the other ships on either side of the Lake Erie battle. 
Each of the fleets on Lake Champlain were somewhat larger 
than either of the fleets on Lake Erie. Perry's gallant rnn - 
duct in battle, the transfer of his flag from the Lawrence 
to the Niagara after the former was disabled, his famous 
dispatch to General Harrison, "We have met the enemy and 
they are ours," have made his name famous. But Perry's 
force exceeded the British in ships, men, tonnage and metal, 
while the British force on Lake Champlain exceeded Mac- 
donough's in the same particulars. In fact Macdonough alone 
among all the American commanders is distinguished in 
having commanded the only smaller fleet that ever defeated 
a larger one. 

This comparison with the battle of Lake Erie is not 
made for the purpose of detracting anything from the glory 
of that battle, for which all honor is due, but because the 
battles of Lake Champlain and Lake Erie perhaps more 
closely resemble each other than any others in American his- 
tory. Great as was the battle of Lake Erie, the battle of 
Lake Champlain was greater. Nor does history furnish 
many examples of greater severity, for the American loss 
numbered 104 killed and 116 wounded, and the British 168 
killed and 220 wounded, Captain Downie of the British fleet 




being among the killed. When the battle ceased hardly a 
mast was standing in either fleet and an old sailor who had 
been with Nelson at Trafalgar declared that that was ''but a 
flea bite to this/' 

Mr. Roosevelt in his Naval War of 1812 says : 

"Captain Perry's name is more widely known than that 
of any other commander. Every school boy reads about 
him, if of no other sea captain ; yet he certainly stands on a 
lower grade than Macdonough." And again, "But it will 
always be a source of surprise that the American public 
should have so glorified Perry's victory over pn inferior 
force, and have paid comparatively little attention to Mac- 
donough's victory which was really won against decided 
odds in ships, men and metal." 

Macdonough was commissioned a master-commandant 
on July 24, 181 3, and on November 30, 1814, he was ap- 
pointed a captain in the navy, to rank from September 11, 
1814. He was always spoken of as "Commodore" because 
he commanded a fleet. 

The Legislature of Vermont passed a resolution of 
thanks for his "unrivalled bravery and important service in 
the conquest of a British squadron of a superior force on 
the nth of September, 1814, which protected the soil of free- 
men, gained the applause of millions, and merited universal 
respect and admiration." Vermont also purchased and con- 
veyed to him a tract of land lying on Cumberland Plead, 
overlooking the scene of the battle. New York State by 
letters patent granted him one thousand acres of land in the 
town of Sterling, county of Cayuga. The State of Dela- 
ware gave him an elegant sword and a service of plate. 
while Congress caused a gold medal to be struck and pre- 


sented to him, emblematic of the action between the two 

On December 12, 1812, Macdonough married Lucy 
Ann, daughter of Nathaniel Shaler, of Middletown, Conn., 
by whom he had nine children, and thereafter his home was 
at Middletown. 

Several months following the victory of Lake Cham- 
plain were spent by Macdonough in making disposition of 
the ships and stores left on the lake, and it is not until 
May 23, 181 5, that orders are found assigning him to other 
duty. On this date he whs directed to proceed to Porte 
mouth, New Hampshire, to take command of the navy 
yard and have charge of the equipment of the Washington, 
the latter duty to terminate upon the arrival of Commodore 
Chauncey. In November, 1816, he was again ordered to 
Lake Champlain to serve as one of a board of commis- 
sioners to be formed at Plattsburgh, New York, to deter- 
mine the proper sites for fortifications contemplated on 
the lake. In April, 18 18, he was ordered from Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, to Boston to take command and have 
charge of the preparation for sea of the U. S. S. frigate 
Giierriere, which had been selected to convey to St. 
Petersburg our new minister plenipotentiary to Russia, 
Hon. G. W. Campbell. This command was evidently looked 
upon as of considerable importance, for Commodore Mac- 
donough was directed to "give every effect which shall add 
to the dignity of the mission to one of the greatest powers 
in Europe/' 

After Macdonough left Russia to join the Mediterran- 
ean squadron the most unpleasant incident in his naval ser- 
vice occurred. A marine named Robert Sloane assaulted 


one of the officers with a bayonet, and under the law that 
obtained then as now, the commander-in-chief of a fleet on 
a foreign station was authorized to convene a court martial 
for his trial, pursuant to which Commodore Stewart con- 
vened a court, of which Macdonough was president, for 
such trial on board the Guerrierc. When the evidence had 
been submitted and the court had found the man guilty it 
adjourned to meet at a tavern in the city of Naples. The 
adjournment to that place was made for the purpose of mak- 
ing and correcting the record on account of the illness of the 
judge advocate of the eourt who was stooping" at the tavern. 
The court met pursuant to such adjournment, and after cor- 
recting the record and signing it, forwarded it to the com- 
mander-in-chief, who, under the law, was the reviewing au- 
thority. Commodore Stewart in reviewing the case decided 
that the adjournment from the ship to the city of Naples, 
in foreign territory, was out of the jurisdiction of the court 
and that the proceedings were, therefore, null and void. He 
discharged the accused marine and notified the court of his 
decision. The court thereupon reconvened on board the 
Guerrierc, and acting under the advice of the judge advo- 
cate, prepared a document of considerable length in turn 
reviewing the decision of Commodore Stewart. In their 
review they passed such strictures upon Commodore Stew- 
art's judgment as to constitute a breach of military disci- 
pline. He reported it to Washington, recommending that the 
members of the court be sent to the United States under 
arrest to be further dealt with as the authorities at Wash- 
ington deemed best. The Secretary of the Navy, by direc- 
tion of the President, approved the recommendation of 
Commodore Stewart, and Macdonough and the other mem- 


bers of the court were returned to the United States on 
board the U. S. S. Brie. After reaching home Macdon- 
ough took counsel with respect to the propriety of his acts, 
and becoming convinced that he had been in error, so wrote 
to the Secretary of the Navy, who replied that his course was 
such as might be expected from an honorable and high- 
minded man, and that under this view of the subject, the 
President had authorized him to restore Macdonough to the 
command of the Gucrriere, and ih(t incident was closed. 

While this incident will always be regretted, the gravity 
of it was no more serious than a misunderstanding nf his 
rights with respect to the law; but the dignity and reserve 
with which he bore himself throughout the whole unfortun- 
ate affair, together with the magnanimity with which he ac- 
knowledged the error when discovered, must always accen- 
tuate rather than detract from the greatness of the man. 

On March n, 1820, Macdonough was ordered to the 
New York navy yard to have charge of the frigate "74," 
and subsequently was in command of the Washington at 
that yard and also of the Ohio, neither of which were at sea. 
He spent a portion of his time with his family at Middle- 
town, Connecticut, until March 22, 1824, when upon his own 
application he was given command of the Constitution and 
sailed for the Mediterranean from New York, October 29, 

Commodore Macdonough's health declined during his 
cruise in the Mediterranean and he was relieved of the com- 
mand of the Constitution on October 14th, 1825. Accom- 
panied by his physician he started for the United States in 
the brig Edwin, but died at sea November 10, 1825. The re- 
mains were landed at Philadelphia November 25th, and taken 


to New York, where the funeral was one of the events of the 
time. The city passed resolutions of respect and citizens 
generally participated in the honors. The remains were 
brought from the navy yard on a barge under a canopy of 
the American flag, escorted by eight boats filled with officers 
and marines and were taken to the city hall. The funeral 
service was read at St. Paul's Church by Chaplain Cave 
Jones. The bearers were officers of the navy. Flags in the 
city and harbor were at half mast during the day, bells were 
tolled and minute guns fired. After the service the remains 
were escorted to the steamboat Commerce, on which they 
were conveyed to Middletown, Connecticut, for burial. The 
procession included a detachment of horse artillery, a battal- 
ion of infantry, a detachment of U. S. marines, officers of 
the army and navy, the mayor and members of the city 
government, the Society of Cincinnati, of which the deceased 
was an honorary member, senators and members of the U. 
S. House of Representatives, judges of the courts of the 
United States and New York State, senators and members 
of the State Assembly, ministers and consuls and officers 
holding commissions from foreign courts and officials and 
citizens of New York. 

On the arrival of the remains at Middletown they were 
taken to his late home. The funeral was then held from the 
Presbyterian Church, attended by judges of the Supreme 
Court, the military, the officers of the army and navy, the 
Masons and a large body of citizens. The cadets of the 
Military Academy conducted by Captain Alden Partridge, 
former surveyor general of Vermont, acted as a military es- 
cort for the remains and fired three volleys over the grave. 
Minute guns were also fired from the academy grounds at 


the time of the funeral and flag^s in the citv and harbor were 
floated at half mast. 

The family monument is of plain white marble and 
bears this epitaph : 

"Sacred to the memory of Com. Thomas Macdon- 
ough of the U. S. Navy. He was born in the State of Dela- 
ware. December, 1783, & died at sea of pulmonary consump- 
tion, while on his return from the command of the Ameri- 
can squadron in the Mediterranean, on the 10th November, 
1825. He was distinguished in the world as the hero of 
Lake Charnpiain, in the Cnurcn ot Christ as a taithtul, zeal- 
ous, consistent Christian, in the community where he resided 
when absent from professional duty as an amiable, upright 
and valuable citizen." 

And so at a little less than forty-two years of age, a 
brilliant career was closed. 

Macdonough was a tall, spare, dignified man. His 
complexion, eyes and hair were light. His face was full and 
regular. His countenance frank, open, refined and intel- 
lectual. His mouth and chin were not large, but indicated 
decision of character. His nose may be described as tend- 
ing toward the Roman type, his eyes bright and penetrating, 
but kindly, his forehead high, his hair abundant. He may 
well have been called a handsome man. 

Until broken by disease he was straight, vigorous and 
athletic. He was of a slightly nervous temperament, but 
had schooled himself to a rigorous self-control. In youth 
he is said to have been sufficiently fond of pranks, but early 
care and responsibility subdued his spirit, and while yet 
young he leaned rather toward seriousness. He was an all- 
around sailor of the old man-of-wars-man type, when self 


reliance and resourcefulness in the hour of trial gained the 
victory. He was quick to discern the critical moment and 
act with decision. 

Men are sometimes deemed brilliant because their 
opinions are quickly formed, but conjecture is not to be con- 
founded with logical reasoning, nor impressions with delib- 
erate judgment. The correctness of the conclusion is the 
test of the mental operation, and in this Macdonough was 
unerring. He commanded rather by his example and the 
force of his character than by virtue of his rank. 

In the battle which made his name famous he nreci tne 
first gun with his own hand and was twice knocked senseless 
on the deck, and when the report ran through the ship that 
the Commodore was dead, the crew paused dismayed in the 
midst of the battle. No higher testimonial of his bravery can 
be written than that in the most thrilling events of his time 
he walked side by side with the gallant Decatur. Although 
the ravages of disease had wasted his body to sixty pounds, 
by his fortitude he retained command of the Constitution to 
within twenty-seven days of his death. 

The war of 1812 was fought by the American sailor for 
the maintenance of free ships and sailors' rights. The coun- 
try's cause was the sailors' cause. It was a struggle to re- 
dress wrongs which had been seared upon the memory. 
Through it all Macdonough remained calm and self-pos- 
sessed, spoke no hasty word, did no unwise act. Upright 
and independent himself, he abhorred oppression ; loyal to 
his country and fearless in battle, he was charitable to the 
vanquished and pitied the suffering. 

While Captain Pring of the British sloop Linnet was a 
prisoner he testified: "I have much satisfaction in making 


you acquainted with the humane treatment the wounded have 
received from Commodore Macdonough. His generous and 
polite attention to myself, the officers and men, will ever be 
gratefully remembered." 

Macdonough was loved by his officers and men, popu- 
lar with those who knew him, respected by all. He enjoyed 
society and was free and courteous with his friends. 

To his brother's widow left in narrow circumstances he 
tendered pecuniary aid., saying that his religion made him 
the widow's friend. 

His character was devout and religious. He spoke of 
his escape from the fate of his companions on the Phila- 
delphia as ''providential." On the morning of the great bat- 
tle he prayed with his men as he saw the enemy approaching 
and remarked that, "they are superior to us in force, but, 
by the blessing of God, we can beat them." When asked 
how he escaped when so many around him fell, he replied, 
pointing to heaven : "There is a power above which deter- 
mines the fate of men." In reporting the battle to the Navy 
Department he declared that, "The Almighty has been 
pleased to grant us a signal victory." 

He added distinction to his service, glory to his coun- 
try., lustre to his flag and nobility to mankind. 


Soldiers of the Revolutionary War 
Buried m Vermont 

And Anecdotes and Incidents 
Relating to Some of Them. 

A paper read before the Vermont Historical Society in the 
Hall of the House of Representatives, October 27,1904, 

By Walter H. Crockett. 



By Walter H. Crockett. 

In accordance with a resolution adopted at the last an- 
nual meeting of the Vermont Society. Sons of the American 
Revolution, held at St. Albans. Nov. n, 1903, which author- 
ized an attempt to ascertain as nearly as might be possible, 
the number of Revolutionary soldiers buried in this State, 
a request for information was made by the Secretary 
throngh the Vermont newspapers. Several hundred replies 
were received, not only from all parts of this State, but 
from nearly every section of the United States. Other 
names have been secured from Vermont gazetteers and his- 

Members of the Society of the Daughters of the Am- 
erican Revolution have taken a keen interest in this work, 
and from their replies and from the year books of their so- 
ciety many names have been secured. The largest number of 
names, however, has been found in a very rare copy of a 
list of Vermont Revolutionary pensioners, published many 
years ago, and secured by Senator Redfield Proctor. 

In all, 4,608 names have been compiled. Entire accu- 
racy cannot safely be claimed for a list gathered from such 
miscellaneous sources, with little opportunity for verifica- 
tion. Some names may be credited to the wrong town. 
The names of others who afterward removed from the 


State may appear in the list. Care has been taken to make 
the compilation as accurate as possible, and in the main it 
will be found correct. 

The pension list referred to is given by counties only, 
not by towns, and at the time of its compilation Lamoille 
County had not been organized. 

Three divisions are given : First, a list of invalid pen- 
sioners ; second, pensioners under the act of March 18, 
1818; and third, pensioners under the act of June 7, 1832. 
A letter from the commissioner of pensions, the Hon. 
Eugene E. Ware, states that all the beneficiaries under the 
acts referred to were Revolutionary soldiers. The State in 
whose service each soldier enlisted is given, but not the 

The names of 3,196 soldiers are given as pensioners. 
Windsor County leads with 546, while Rutland County is 
second with 479. Out of the 3,196 pensioners mentioned, 
only 172, or a little more than 5 percent., served in the 
Vermont militia. Nearly one-half — 1,409, to be explicit — 
served in Massachusetts regiments ; Connecticut contributed 
701 ; New Hampshire, 444; Rhode Island, 104; New York, 
75, and there were a few from other states, besides a num- 
ber of naval veterans. These figures give an idea of the 
emigration into Vermont during the years immediately fol- 
lowing the close of the Revolution. 

There are, in the list compiled, the names of 2,221 
soldiers who are accredited to the towns in which they 
lived and were buried. This number includes 809 names 
duplicated in the pension list. Deducting 809 names from 
the total pension list, there are left 2,387 names accredited 
only to counties, or a total of 4,608 soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion who lived and died in Vermont. 


Of the 246 towns and cities in the State, 192 are repre- 
sented in the list. If the pension list given by counties 
could be given by towns, it is probable that nearly every 
town in the State would be found to contain the graves of 
Revolutionary soldiers. 

Such a list, compiled nearly a century and a quarter 
after the close of the War for Independence, cannot pos- 
sibly be complete. Some towns that naturally would be 
expected to furnish long lists send only a few nam,es. If 
it is possible at this time to gather between 4,000 and 5,000 
namcc, it 13 probable that nearly ii not quite 6,ooo a^uxcis 
of the Revolution found their last resting places within the 
borders of Vermont. 

Manchester leads in the number of soldiers, reporting 
241 names. Pawlet reports 71 ; Wilmington, 69; Barnard, 
62 ; Dumrrterston, 49 ; Rutland, 49 ; Danby, 43 ; Newbury, 
42 ; Pittsford, 41 ; Brattleboro, 38 ; Poultney, 34 ; Benning- 
ton, 31; Benson, 30; Fairfax, 29; Strafford, 30; Cornwall, 
29; Randolph, 27 ; Reading, 26; Middletown Springs, 26; 
Middlebury, 25; Calais, 24; St. Albans, 23; New Haven, 
23 ; Shoreham, 24 ; Salisbury, 22 ; Westminster, 41 ; Orwell, 
21; Putney, 21; Clarendon, 21; Williamstown, 20; Barre, 

In prosecuting this investigation three real sons of the 
Revolution have been found in Vermont. Jonathan Bab- 
cock, of Stratton, aged 94 years, is the son of Robert Bab- 
cock, of Wardsboro, who died Aug. 23, 1863, at tne great 
age of 104 years and 6 months. Robert Babcock was one 
of forty picked men who aided Lieut. Col. William Barton, 
of the Rhode Island militia (later the founder of Barton, 
Vt.) to capture Sir William Prescott, the British com- 


mander in Rhode Island. James C. Church, of Brookline, 
85 years old, is the youngest of twenty children born to 
Charles Church, of Westminster, who enlisted as a soldier 
in the Revolutionary War when only 16 years old. Dr. 
C. A. Perry, of Readsboro, aged 66 years, must be one of 
the youngest real sons of the Revolution in the United 
States. His father, Micah Perry, of Concord, enlisted when 
16 years old. 

Anecdotes and Incidents. 

A few of the anecdotes related in the letters received 
by the Secretary may be of interest. 

William Cox, of West Fairlee, Adam Beals, of St. Al- 
bans, and Lieut. John. Wyman, of Dummerston, were pres- 
ent at, and had a part in, the famous "Boston Tea Party/' 
Dec. 16, 1773. 

Capt. Thomas White, of Windsor, Thomas Town send, 
of Reading, Thomas Farnsworth, of Halifax, Peletiah Bliss, 
of Newbury, Thomas Savery, of Salisbury, Jonas Holden, 
of Mount Holly, Seth Oaks and Nathaniel Oaks, of Athens, 
Seth Ruggles, of Poultney, Capt. John Shumway, of Dor- 
set, Lieut. Jonathan Farrar, of Rupert, and Ebenezer Allen, 
of Newfane, were among those who responded to the Lex- 
ington alarm. The Ebenezer Allen mentioned was not the 
Col. Ebenezer Allen prominent in the expeditions of the 
Vermont militia. 

Stephen De Maranville, of Poultney, the youngest son 
of a noble Frenchman, served as minute man. Jonathan 
Farrar, of Rupert, was a lieutenant of minute men at the 
time of the Lexington alarm. Thomas Mullen, of New- 
bury, responded to the Lexington alarm and saw service at 
Bunker Hill. Joseph Rann, of Poultney, was severely 



wounded at Bunker Hill, and to the day of his death car- 
ried a ball in his ankle received in that battle. Capt. Isaac 
Holden, of St. Albans, participated in the battles of Lexing- 
ton and Bunker Hill and had previously served in the 
French and Indian War. 

Carlos Hawkins, of Reading, Capt. Daniel Manning, 
of Poultney, William Doe, Nehemiah Lovewell, and Peter 
Martin, of Newbury, Abraham Townsend, of Berlin, Jona- 
than Childs, of Wilmington, Seth Oaks, of Athens, and 
Lieut. Beriah Sherman, of Waitsfield, fought in the battle 
of Bunker Hill Jon?^ TTolrlon. nf Mount Hollv. was 

wounded at Bunker Hill. Abial Bugbee, of Pomfret, 
served in Col. Israel Putnam's regiment at Bunker Hill. 

It is related of William A. Hawkins, of Reading, that 
at the battle of Bunker Hill he fired his gun until it was 
too hot to handle. He removed his coat, wrapped it around 
the gun, and continued firing. Pie was promoted to be an 
ensign for gallant conduct in that battle. 

Ebenezer Wakefield, of Manchester, was at Bunker 
Hill and at the surrender of Burgoyne. Luther Fairbanks, 
of Pittsfield, was at Bunker Hill and at the siege of Que- 
bec. Capt. Elias Greene, of Cambridge, was at Bunker 
Hill, at the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, and at the 
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

Col. Ephraim Doolittle, of Shoreham, who was with 
Lord Amherst at the capture of Ticonderoga and Crown 
Point during the French and Indian War, commanded a 
regiment of minute men April 19-23, 1775. 

Maj. Amos Morrill, of St. Albans, is said to have been 
at the taking of Ticonderoga and at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. Other names of men said to have been with Ethan 
Allen at the capture of Ticonderoga, and not given in the 


list published in/ the Burlington Free Press early in the pres- 
ent year by Robert O. Bascom, secretary of the New York 
State Historical Association, are : John Alexander, of Brat- 
tleboro, Ebenezer Andrews, of Mount Holly, Gershom 
Beach, of Salisbury, Enos Flanders, of Sheffield, Thomas 
Johnson, of Newbury, Noah Jones, of Shoreham, and Sam- 
uel Laughton, of Dummerston. 

Enoch Cheney, of Washington, and James Eddy, of 
Clarendon, served as scouts. Ebenezer Mcllvane suffered 
the hardships of the terrible winter at Valley Forge. Felix 

T^prif prj o-f r\~»t~r» i.i r^JI winiP'rpA of \Tr>]]&\r T?rvrcrp> anrl was nn 

duty as a picket when Major Andre was executed as a spy. 
Hananiah Brooks, of St. Albans, was also at Valley 
Forge, and later saw Major Andre hanged. Simeon Chand- 
ler, of Wilmington, participated in the siege of Boston. 

Jonathan Knight, of Dummerston, was in the fight at 
the Westminster court house, March 13, 1775. Capt. Ben- 
jamin Samson, of Roxbury, rang the church bell at Lex- 
ington, Mass., April 19, 1775, to arouse the minute men 
on the approach of the British troops. 

John Chipman, of Middlebury, was with Ethan Allen 
during the spring of 1775, went to Canada with Seth War- 
ner, and was at the capture of St. Johns and Montreal. 

Stephen Holley, of Cornwall, was with Benedict Ar- 
nold on his terrible journey through Maine and Canada to 
Quebec. Nathaniel Stedman, of Newfane, and Samuel 
Viall, of Manchester, were at Burgoyne's surrender. 

David Green, of Randolph, served three years under 
General Washington, part of the time as his cook. 

Joseph Allen, of Charlotte, was present at the capture 
of St. Johns and Montreal, and was with Benedict Arnold 
in his siege of Ouebec. 


Ebenezer Robinson, of Reading, was a captive on board 
the prison ship "Jersey" in New York harbor. 

David Field, of Guilford, was commissary general 
under Gen. John Stark at the battle of Bennington. 

Thomas Johnson, of Newbury, was an aide on the staff 
of General Lincoln in 1777. 

Nathan Jackson, of Cornwall, was a trusted messenger 
of General Washington. • 

Benoni Gleason, of Benson, was present at the surren- 
der of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

Jonathan Martin, of Sorino-field. previous to removing 
to Vermont, was a member of the first constitutional conven- 
tion and of the first legislature of New Hampshire. 

Solomon Bartlett, of Plainfield, was the youngest 
brother of Josiah Bartlett of New Hampshire, after John 
Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and was at one time an aide on the staff of General 
Israel Putnam. 

Capt. John Warner and Truman Warner, of St. Al- 
bans, were brothers of Col. Seth Warner. 

Col. Thomas Elmore obtained a charter for and gave 
his name to the town of Elmore. 

Abel Amsden, of Reading, enlisted in Col. William 
Prescott's regiment, May 20. 1775. He participated in the 
siege of Boston, and fought in some of the most important 
battles of the war. It is related that he paid $70 in Con- 
tinental currency for a dinner of corn bread and milk at a 
tavern, and that the landlord did not consider that sum a fair 
price for the meal. 

Col. Samuel Brewer, of Orwell, was a lieutenant in a 
company of minute men raised in Berkshire County, Mas- 


sachusetts, and took part in the siege of Boston. In 1776 
he was sent to Ticoncleroga in command of a regiment. In 
the Brewer genealogy,, compiled by Prof. Fiske Parsons 
Brewer, a brother of Mr. Justice Brewer of the United 
States Supreme Court, it is said that Col. Brewer was "con- 
sidered by Washington one of the biggest sensed men he 
ever knew." Colonel Brewer moved to, Vermont and built 
a brick mansion a mile and half southwest of Orwell vil- 
lage, which is still in an excellent state of preservation. 

Nathaniel Bosworth, of Berlin, while serving in the 
Ponfinpntnl prmv wss fnken nrknner hv the British and 

confined on a prison ship at the mouth of the Delaware 
river. Conceiving the idea that they were being slowly 
poisoned, Bosworth and several of his fellow-prisoners 
planned to escape. Taking advantage of a time when the 
guards were sleeping, they slid down the ship's cable and 
swam ashore, although the water was very cold, the month 
being March. Proceeding a distance, Bosworth concealed 
himself in a large cask and fell asleep. He was awakened 
by the singing of a bird. A patriotic American woman 
gave him food and directions which enabled him to reach 
the American lines in safety. 

Toward the end of the war, Thomas M. Wright, who 
had seen service as a private in the Massachusetts militia, 
emigrated to Vermont and settled in Barnard, when that 
town was largely an unbroken wilderness. He built a 
log house and made a clearing. . It was necessary to 
carry his grain on his back to Windsor, twenty-six miles, 
to get it ground, finding his way by marked trees and mak- 
ing the journey in a day. Aug. 9, 1780, Mr. Wright, 
while working in the hay field, heard a scream, and looking 


up saw his wife pursued by 25 Indians. The house was 
stripped of its furnishings and Mr. Wright was taken as a 
prisoner to Canada, where he was sold to the British for 
eight dollars. With four companions Wright made his es- 
cape. The party was nine days in coming through the for- 
ests. The men had no food except the game they shot, and 
were nearly starved. One of the party was taken ill and his 
companions stayed with him as long as they dared. To 
remain longer meant that all would perish, so a bed of 
boughs was made by a running stream, a store of slippery 
dm baik and iuuta wds gathered, and the man left to ms 
fate. Strangely enough he recovered, and in eighteen days 
came out of the forest. Mrs. Wright had gone on horse- 
back to her father's home in Hardwick, and there her hus- 
band found her. 

Dr. Silas Hodges, of Clarendon, was a surgeon in 
Washington's army. Another Clarendon soldier was Theo- 
philus Harrington, later a judge, whose demand of a bill 
of sale from the Almighty for a fugitive slave has made 
his name immortal. 

Stephen Hall, of Calais, enlisted in the American army 
at the age of 13, and Asa Wilson, of Fairfield, at the age 
of 14. Samuel White, of East Montpelier, enlisted before 
he had reached his 14th birthday. Not being considered 
old enough to carry a musket, he was detailed as a servant 
for General Washington. 

Joshua Johnson, of Albany, when a boy, ran away from 
home to enlist. Being refused, he shipped as a midship- 
man in the West India trade and later entered the army, 
serving until the close of the war. It is related that in later 
years he defeated Ira Allen as a candidate for the Vermont 
Legislature from Irasburgh. 


William Hodgkins, of Grand Isle, was not tall enough 
to meet the requirements of the service when he enlisted. 
Later he presented himself again, having filled his shoes 
with paper, evidently believing that by taking thought he 
might add a cubit to his stature, notwithstanding Scrip- 
tural authority to the contrary. The deception was dis- 
covered and the case brought to the attention of the com- 
manding officer, Baron Steuben, who laughingly said, "Pass 
him in. We will make a drummer of him." 

One of the surprising facts brought out by this inves- 
tigation is the great age attained by many Revolutionary 
soldiers in this State, a large number having lived to be well 
past 90 years. 

Samuel McWaine, of Woodstock, who had seen ser- 
vice in the French and Indian War, and who served seven 
years during the Revolution, lived to be 99 years and 9 
months old. 

John Ellis, of Barnard rounded out a full century. 
Nathan Lounsbury, of Clarendon,- lived to be 102 years old. 
Daniel Heald, of Chester, who had taken part in the battle 
of Concord, lived to be 95 years old, while John Joyal, of 
Swanton, according to the best information obtainable, lived 
to the almost unprecedented age of 113 years. 

One colored man, John Linde, of Brookfield, was a 
Revolutionary soldier. 

It may not be out of place in this paper, which, from 
its nature cannot be expected to be a closely connected nar- 
rative, to refer briefly to a soldier who played an import- 
ant part in the Revoluton, who afterward emigrated to Ver- 
mont, where he attained considerable prominence, but who 
has been well nigh forgotten, Col. Udny Hay. 


The public papers of George Clinton, the first governor 
of New York, which cover the period of the Revolutionary 
War, contain a great amount of correspondence with Col. 
Hay, regarding supplies of various kinds and the trans- 
portation of the same. In 1779 ne was deputy quartermas- 
ter general for the army in New York State. His task was 
evidently one of great difficulty, as the collection and dis- 
tribution of the needed supplies was attended by irritating 
indifference and aggravating delays. One item in his re- 
port tells of the purchase of 40,000 bushels of charcoal for 
the smith's department. When Q^^er ! "^TosVnno-rnn or- 
dered the Hudson river craft repaired it was Col. Hay who 
procured the luinber. General Lincoln wrote Hay asking 
his advice regarding the building of gunboats. He also 
wrote Generals Greene and Heath regarding the purchase 
of wheat. Apparently he had charge at times of certain 
prisoners and their effects. 

In June, 1780, Colonel Hay was appointed agent for 
New York to supply the State's quota of provisions for the 
use of the army, and he writes: "Much of the business of 
transportation in this State may probably come under my 
direction during the campaign." Again he writes Governor 
Clinton : "The army look up to me for the transportation 
of supplies of every sort," and later the governor refers to 
the multiplicity of affairs which engage Hay's attention. 
He aids in reinforcing West Point, forwards supplies to 
Washington's army, and obtains from the New York Leg- 
islature the passage of certain acts to aid him in collecting 
supplies. Appointed deputy commissary general of pur- 
chases for New York, he recommends the establishment of 
a magazine of 40,000 barrels of flour for the army. 


Sept. 18, 1780, he writes Governor Clinton: "I have 
been with the Gentlemen of the New Hampshire Grants at 
Bennington who have desired me to meet them again next 
Friday at the same place where they are to call a council 
for the purpose of giving me every assistance in their 
power, which I now apprehend will be but little, not from 
want of inclination, but want of ability to putt any of their 
acts in execution,." 

According to a statement in "Governor and Coun- 
cil," Colonel Hay had visited Bennington on a similar er- 
rand cciilv in X//C. This authority further states that CnL 
Hay was descended from an eminent family in Scotland, 
and was highly educated. January 9, 1777, the Continental 
Congress resolved that Udny Hay, Esq., be appointed a lieu- 
tenant colonel by brevet and assistant deputy quartermaster 
general, and stationed at Ticonderoga. Later he was made 
deputy commissary general of purchase for the northern 
division of the army. Soon after the close of the war he 
came to Underhill, where he acquired large tracts of land. 
He represented the town in the legislature from 1798 to 
1804 an d at the time of his death was a member of the 
Council of Censors. He is said to have been opposed to 
the Constitution and to the administrations of Washington 
and Adams. 

An obituary notice in the Burlington Sentinel tells of 
Colonel Hay's death Sept. 6, 1806, in his 67th year. A note 
in "Governor and Council" states that he lived and died in 
Underhill, but the Sentinel declares that his death "took 
place in this town [Burlington] * * * after a very short ill- 
ness * * * The next day [Sept. 7th] his remains were con- 
veyed to the meeting house, where an appropriate discourse 


was delivered by the Rev. President Sanders and attended 
to the grave by a numerous and respectable procession of 
his friends from this and the neighboring towns with un- 
common manifestations of regard for his character and sor- 
row at his death." 

The obituary notice further says : "Col. Hay came to 
America without education, without property or friends. 
During our Revolutionary war he soon and long distin- 
guished himself in the department where he was stationed 
as an active, enterprising and able officer. And since the 
f>ctaK!ic]nm<=>T-if r->£ c ,ir ' Stci f " his influence in cu r ^ublic coun- 
cils for a considerable number of years has been predom- 
inant beyond a parallel." It will be noticed that there are 
discrepancies between the two accounts of Colonel Hay's 
career, as given in the Sentinel and in ''Governor and 
Council." It appears from a further item in the Sentinel 
that Colonel Hay's estate was insolvent. 

If Colonel Hay's grave can be found it should be 
marked in some suitable way. It would appear from the 
Sentinel account that he was buried in Burlington, but the 
list of Revolutionary soldiers kept by the Burlington Grand 
Army Post does not contain Colonel Hay's name. 

One of the principal objects in the attempt to compile a 
list of Vermont's Revolutionary soldiers, is the hope that 
as many as possible of the graves of these heroes may be 
marked and their memories saved from oblivion. 

The government will furnish headstones for such 
graves and ship them' to the nearest railway station, but 
will not set them. Here is a work, not only for the patriotic 
societies, but for public-spirited citizens in all towns and 
-cities where Revolutionary soldiers are buried, — the work 



of taking the proper steps to secure such headstones and 
then setting them after they are obtained. These soldiers 
of the Revolution were the builders of our State and of our 
Nation. The very least we can do in return for their sac- 
rifices is to see to it that their names are not forgotten. 
Any work that is to be done along this line must be done 
speedily. No great outlay of time or money is required — 
only that patriotic public spirit that gives promise of a noble 
future because of its jealous care in preserving the memory 
of the great deeds of the past. 

[For the lists of Revolutionary Soldiers buried in Vermont and ot Vermont 
Revolutionary Pensioners, compiled by Mr. Crockett, see Appendix F.] 





O. D. Matthewson, ' 
Robert Noble, 
Isaac Thomas, 
Henry Crain Tinkham, 
Edward Wells, 
Frank Richardson Wells, 
Olin Merrill, 
LaFayette Wilbur, 
Fred Blanchard 
George Lawrence Blanchard, 
John Vail Brooks, 
Arthur Daggett Farwell, 
Edward Davenport Field, 
Jonas Eli Goodenough, 
Frank Keeler Goss, 
Harlan Wesley Kemp, 
Charles Duane Mather, 
William A. Beebe, 
Frank C. Partridge, 
Redfield Proctor, 
Albert B. Chandler, 
Charles H. Morrill, 
Bert Emery Merriam, 
John Abner Mead, 
Edward Mortimer Roscoc, 
Horatio Loomis Wait, 
Robert O. Bascom, 
Robert H. Hutchins, 
Roberts Walker, 
Myron Melvin Parker, 

Residence. Recommended by 

Barre, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Enosburgh, Vt. 
Jericho, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Montpelier, Vt. 
Morrisville, Vt. 
Proctor, Vt. 
Proctor, Vt. 
Randolph, Vt. 
Randolph, Vt. 
Rockingham, Vt. 
Rutland, Vt. 
Waterbury, Vt. 
Chicago, 111. 
Fort Edward, N. Y. 
New York City, N. Y. 
New York City, N. 
Washington, D. C. 

W. E. Ranger. 
G. G. Benedict. 

W. E. Ranger. 

T. S. Peck. 

T. S. Peck. 

T. S. Peck. 

F. A. Howland. 

J. A. De Boer. 
F. A. Howland. 
F. A. Howland. 
F. A. Howianci. 
F. A. Howland. 

J. A. De Boer. 

J. A. De Boer. 

J. A. De Boer. 

F. A. Howland. 

F. A. Howland. 

W. E. Ranger. 

Henry F. Field. 

F. A. Howland. 

T. S. Peck. 

W. E. Ranger. 

W. E. Ranger. 

Henry F. Field. 

W. E. Ranger. 

T. S. Peck. 

G. G. Benedict. 
E. M. Goddard. 

Y. T. S. Peck. 
T. S. Peck. 


Report of the Treasurer. 
Henry F. Field, Treasurer, in account with Vermont His- 
torical Society. 

1903 Dr. Cr. 

Oct. 19, To balance forward from last report $333 49 

Jan. 4, To Cash for sale Vols. I and II Society's 

Collections to J. H. Benton, Jr 5 00 

Oct. '03 to Oct. '04, To Cash received for mem- 
bership dues, elections of 1902-3 56 00 


To Cash for candidates for membership 

1904 22 00 

To Cash for annual dues 1903 and '04 

and prepayments 101 00 

To Interest on deposit Montpelier Sav- 
ings Bank and Trust Co 8 88 


Oct. 24, By paid Free Press Asso. bill sundry 

printing §11 17 


Jan. 5, By paid Free Press Asso. bill, report 

of Com. on change of Constitution.... 14 00 

Men. 25, By paid The Tuttle Co., 5 books re- 
ceipts for treasurer 2 75 

April 16, By paid Edw. M. Goddard, bill time 
and labor cleaning and moving books, 
pamphlets etc., and preparing maga- 
zines for binder 45 00 

April 1G, By paid E. Lee Whitney assistance to 

librarian , 18 00 

Sept. 30, By paid The Tuttle Co., 250 circulars 

for treasurer's use 1 75 

Oct. 24, By Balance in treasurer's hands 433 70 

$526 37 $526 37 



Montpelier, Vermont, October 20, 1903. 
Hon. Geo. G. Benedict, President 

Vermont Historical Society. 
The undersigned, Committee on Amendments to the Con- 
stitution and By-Laws, appointed at the last regular annual 
meeting, as per motion on page 19, Published Proceedings of 
1901-2, respectfully report that they have duly considered the 
matter committed to their charge and submit and recommend 
the following changes and amendments: 



Substitute the word "Active" for "Resident," so as to make 
the article read as follows: 

"Article 1. This association shall be called 'The Vermont 
Historical Society' and shall consist of Active, Corresponding 
and Honorary Members.'" 


(The committee advise this change because (a) many resi- 
dent members have moved from the state who should remain 
and would like to remain active; and (b) many new members 
have been elected, as a practice, who reside out of the state at 
the time of such election; and (c) the distinction is best re- 
moved in a practical classification of the Society's membership 
at the present time.) 


Substitute the following in place of this article: 
"Article II. The object of the Society shall be to discover, 
collect and preserve whatever relates to the material, agricul- 
tural, industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and mili- 
tary history of the State of Vermont.'' 

(If the above is adopted, it will eliminate the departments 
of Natural History and Horticulture, neither of which depart- 
ments h<? a ever been ro r '^ i " ri '! irmc ^' u ' r,T * offset iv^iv conducted and 
"both of which have for many years been substantially obsolete. 
In the judgment of your Committee, it would be found difficult 
for the society to do useful work in either, even if they could 
be resurrected, while at the same time it may be noted that other 
organizations throughout the state, and especially in the work 
of the State University, have naturally and effectively assumed 
this work in the course of the sixty-five years next following 
the organization of the Society.) 


Amend this article so as to make it read as follows: 
"Article III. The officers of the Society, who shall also con- 
stitute its Board of Managers, to be elected annually and by bal- 
lot, shall be a President, three Vice-Presidents, a Recording 
Secretary, two Corresponding Secretaries of foreign and domestic 
correspondence, a Librarian and Cabinet-keeper, a Treasurer and 
■ a Curator from each county in this stated 

(The preceding makes no change in this article except to 
provide a definition in the Constitution itself of who compose 
the Board of Managers, which was not there before, and it 
also advises the use of a Curator from each of our fourteen 
counties, instead of "seven Curators from different counties in 
the State." This change, we think, will conserve the purposes of 
the Society by distributing and maintaining an interested super- 
vision in all sections of the state.) 


Amend this article by striking out the words "with whom 
it shall be optional," so as to make it read as follows: 

"Article V. All members, Honorary and Corresponding 
Members excepted, shall pay, on admission, the sum of two dol- 
lars, and an additional sum of one dollar annually." 


(Your Committee believes that Honorary Members should 
not even have the suggestion made to them of entrance fees or 
annual dues and that the same may be properly omitted, also, in 
the case of Corresponding Members, whom it is impossible to 
solicit and who usually have not affirmatively exercised their 
option in past years. The change seems further warranted if the 
distinction as to Resident and Corresponding Members be discon- 
tinued, according to the amendment, as recommended, in Article 
I of the Constitution, above.) 



The Committee advise the elimination of this article. It 
will have no force and will be quite unnecessary if Article I and 
Article v or tne uonsiiiutiuu be amended as above advic;d. 


Number this section 3 and substitute the word ''Active" for 
the word "Resident" before the word "Member." This merely 
follows change of Article I of the Constitution as advised. 


Number this section 4 and insert the words "time of the" 
before the word "annual," so as to make it read: 

"4. The yearly assessment is payable at the time of the 
annual meeting in October." 

(This change is necessary, because (a) all members do not 
attend the annual meeting: (b) the Treasurer does not always 
find it convenient to attend; (c) the Treasurer may reside else- 
where, as now, than in Montpelier; and (d) there is no reason 
why dues should not be paid by check, draft, money order or 
in cash at the office of the Treasurer.) 


Strike out both these sections, as being non-applicable if 
the amendment advised of Article II, Constitution, be adopted, 
discontinuing the departments of Natural History and Horti- 


Insert the words, as a part of the first sentence, "com- 
mitted to their charge." Also strike out the concluding words, 
"which has been sustained since the previous meeting." The 
section will thus read: 

"Sec. 3. The Corresponding Secretaries shall conduct all the 
correspondence of the Society committed to their charge. They 


shall preserve on file the originals of all communications ad- 
dressed to the Society and keep a fair copy of all their letters in 
books furnished for that purpose. They shall read, at each 
meeting, the correspondence or such absti'acts from it as the 
President may direct."'' 


Strike out the words "specimens of natural history" and 
insert the word "articles" before the words "and papers." Also 
insert after the words "from the room" a comma and the words 
"except under such written regulations as may he supplied to 
the Librarian by the Board of Managers." These changes fol- 
low the omission of the department of Natural History and the 
striking out of Section 2, Chapter III of the By-Laws as herein- 
after advised. 


Strike out this section as being fully covered by the amend- 
ed reading for Section 7, Chapter II, By-Laws, above, relating 
to the duties and responsibilties of the Librarian. 


Strike out the concluding words of this section, to wit: "and 
such natural products as may illustrate the natural history of 
this state." This simply follows from the other changes desig- 
nated in the course of this report. 


Strike out this section and substitute the following: 
"Sec. 7. There shall be a Public Meeting of the Society in 
the year in which the Legislature sits. Such meeting shall be 
under the charge and supervision of the President, who shall 
make, on such occasion the President's Address and shall also 
invite (with sucli counsel as he may require from the Board of 
Managers) to address the Society at such meeting, one or more 
speakers, on subjects relating to the history of this state." 

(The preceding will conform to the practice which has been 
so admirably introduced by our distinguished President and 
seems much more practicable, as a standing order, than the pres- 
ent obsolete section of the By-Laws.) 


We discover and recommend no changes, amendments or addi- 
tions, in either Constitution or By-Laws, other than the pre- 
ceding. In all cases the language of the old has been retained 
with but slight modification. We request consideration of these 
suggestions at the present meeting of the Society, in order 
that notice of any amendments may be duly given, as required 



by Article VII of the Constitution, and to insure action thereon 
at the -annual meeting in 1904. It is our best judgment that the 
adoption of these amendments will prove of service to the Soci- 
ety, considering our changed conditions and circumstances, as 
compared with those existing in 1S3S. At the same time, 
we submit this report with full acceptance of the words used 
by the Board of. Managers in 1902: "We do not fail to recog- 
nize the wise, honorable and patriotic purposes of the Society's 
founders in all the provisions of the Constitution and By-Laws 
as they exist to-day," and we record to their memory our rever- 
ence and affection for their unselfish labors in the honor of their 

Yours very respectfully, 

Joseph A. De Boer, 
Hiram Carletox, 
Fred A. Rowland, 




Fletcher D. Proctor, 
John L. Southwick, 
Nelson Wilbur Fisk, 
John H. Merrifield, 
Edward Harrington Deav 
Edward Park Coleman, 
Henry Otis Carpenter, 
Walter A. Dutton, 
Leighton P. Slack, 
Edward Aaron Davis, 
George H. Prouty, 
Charles Downer, 
Thos. Chas. Cheney, 
Dan Deming Burditt, 
John L. Bacon, 
Horace French Graham, 
C. J. Bell, 
Clarke C. Fitts, 
Henry Ballard, 
Herbert H. Blanchard, 
Allen M. Fletcher, 
Rev. Chas, Huntington 

John Nelson Harvey, 
William H. Jeffrey, 

Residence. Recommended by 

Proctor, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Burlington, Vt. 

G. G. 


Isle La Motte, 

Vt. G. G. 


Newfane, Vt. 

Fred A. 


itt, Montpelier, Vt. 


D. Field. 

Montpelier, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Rutland, Vt. 


D. Field. 

Hardwick, Vt. 

Fred A. 


St. Johnsbury, Vt. Fred A 


Bethel, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Newport, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Sharon, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Morrisville, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Pittsford, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Hartford, Vt, 

Fred A. 


Craftsbury, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Walden, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Brattleboro, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Burlington, Vt. 

W T m. B. C. Stickney 

Springfield, Vt. 

E. M. 


Cavendish, Vt. 

Fred A. 



Springfield, Vt. 

Fred A. 


Montpelier, Vt. 

E. M 


Burke, Vt. 

Fred A. 




Rt. Rev. John Stephen Michaud, 

Lyman S. Hayes, 

William Walter Husband, 

Clayton Nelson North, 

"William Lorenzo Quimby, 

Wade Keyes, 

Ned Lewis Sheldon, 

William Craig, 

Isaiah R. Clark, 

E. N. Foss, 

Arthur L. Robinson, 

Chas. Kimball Darling, 

Elmer E. Silver, 

Porter H. Dale, 

Frederick Salmon Pease, 

S. Hollister Jackson, 

Albert Tuttle, 

W. A. Shaw, 

Hamilton Sullivan Peck, 

Willard Bean Howe, 

Walter Benton Gates, 

Franklin George Butterfield 

Burlington, Vt. G. G. Benedict. 

Bellows Falls, Vt. E.'M. Goddard. 
Montpelier, Vt. Edward D. Field. 
Shoreham, Vt. Elmer Barnum. 

Brookline, Mass. Josiah H. Benton. 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Maiden, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Brighton, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Barre, Vt. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

J. H. Benton. 

G. G. Benedict. 

G. G. Benedict. 

Fred A. Howland. 

Fair i-iaven, vt, neu ^. nunwuu. 

Northfield, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Derby, Vt. 

Geo. W. Wing. 
G. G. Benedict. 
G. G. Benedict. 
G. G. Benedict. 

G. G. Benedict. 



Three Moro shields, Campilan, Moro armor, 2 Moro manu- 
scripts, 2 Kris, Bolo, Tom torn, Moro dress, 5 Moro daggers, 2 
Kris daggers, Moro mirror, Beaten silver tobacco box, Carved 
bamboo box, 2 Inlaid boxes for betel nut, Lime for the betel 
nut, Moro cartridge belt. 



' Camp Kettle of Col. Frederick Baum, taken at the Battle 
of Bennington. 

Col. Baum's sword, taken from him when wounded on the 
Bennington battle field. 

Two red coats worn by British soldiers when in the Benning- 
ton battle. 

Two cannon balls plowed up on the Bennington battle 

Bullet moulds used in 1777 for casting bullets for the 
American soldiers at the Battle of Bennington. 

A soldier's skull dug up on the Bennington battle field. 

The front doors of the Catamount Tavern. 

A stone with the inscription "Council Room," which was 
over the fire-place in the council room in the Catamount Tavern. 



A ledger used in the Catamount Tavern which contains an 
account against Col. Ethan Allen. 

A sword used in the Battle of Plattsburg. 

A bomb shell found between Fort George and Fort William 

Numerous old documents signed by Vermont Governors. 

Old Vermont Gazette, Rutland Herald, etc. 




Lieut. Benjamin Adams 
Daniel Champion 
Sylvanus Chanin 

Capt. Cook 

Lieut. Benjamin Everest 
Capt. Zadock Everest 
Maj. T. Woodford 


Joshua Johnson 


Ebenezer Cox 
Reuben Kendall 


William Bell 

Capt. Benjamin Marvin 

Matthew Niles 


Israel Canfield 


Seth Oaks 
Josiah Powers 
James Shatter 


Solomon Aikens 
James Allen 
Lemuel Ashley 
Abel Babbitt 
Thomas Badford 

Elijah Barnes 
Moses Belden 
Amos Bicknell 
Gideon Billings 
Aaron Blanchard 
Joseph Bowman 
Ephraini Briggs 
Asa Brigham 
Matthew Brown 
Joseph Chamberlin — ~ 
Benjamin Clapp 
Ebenezer Cox 
George Cox 
Shiverick Crowell 
John Cummings 
Joel Davis 
Seth Dean 
Benjamin Eastman 
Timothy Eastman 
John Ellis 
Joseph Ellis 
Aaron Fay 
Calvin Fairbanks 
John Fish 
John Foster 
Joseph Foster 
Thomas Freeman 
Roger French 
John Gambel 
Nathaniel Haskell 
Jesse Kinney 
Jacob Lawton 
Jacob Learned 
Enoch Leonard 
Ebenezer Lewis 
Jonathan Luce 
Moses Lurvey 
Gideon Newton 



John Newton 
Timothy Newton 
Asa Paige 
George Paige 
Nathaniel Paige 
Amaziah Richmond 
Lemuel Richmond 
Nathaniel Richmond 
Walker Richmond 
Daniel Sharpe 
Christopher Smith 
Stewart Southgate 
Andrew Stevens 
Lieut. Elias Stevens 
Asa Whitcomb 
Jabez Wight 
Jonathan Wight 
Nathaniel Wight 
Thomas M. Wright 


Joseph Bonett 

Thomas Clark 

George Gibson 

Joseph Goodwillie 

Amasa Grout 

Daniel Hall 

Archibald Harvey 

Thomas Haseltine 

William Johnson 

John McLaren 

James Orr 

Bartholomew Somers 

Caleb Stiles 

Sergt. William Strobridge 

William Tice 


John Woods 


Zebedie Beckley 
Maj. William Bradford 
James Briton 
Abel Camp 
Gould Camp 
Lieut. Lemuel Clark- 
Francis Davis 
Nathaniel Brown Dodge 
Warren Ellis 

Nathan Harrington 
Abijah Holden 
Nathaniel Holden 
Serg't Jonas Nichols 
Robert Parker 
Asahel Paterson 
Capt. Asaph Sherman 
Nathaniel Sherman 
Molton Stacy 
Adolphus Thurston 
Lieut. Benjamin Walker 


John Merriam *' 
Serg't Samuel Yv r ells 


Charles Church 


Hezekiah Armstrong 
Hopestil Armstrong 
James Bushnell 
Robert Blair 
Nathan Clark, Jr. 
John Crawford 
Elijah Dewey 
David Fay 
Elijah Fay 
John Fay 
Jonas Fay 
Nathaniel Fillmore 
Josiah Fuller 
Anthony Haswell — — — — 
Eleazer Hawks 
Simeon Hathaway 
Thomas- Henderson 
Capt. Samuel Herrick 
Aaron Hubbell 
Elnathan Hubbell 
John Norton 
Shadrack Norton 
David Robinson 
Joseph Robinson 
Moses Robinson 
Samuel Robinson 
Joseph Rudd 
Ephraim Smith 
Henry Walbridge 

C 4 



Isaac Webster 
Joseph Wickwire 


Abel Bacon 
Capt. William Barber 
Christopher Bates 
John Carter 
Jonah Carter ■ 
Solomon Chittenden 
Lieut. Stephen Crofoot 
Capt. Joel Dickinson 
Serg't John Dunning 
Walter Durfee 
Capt. William Ford 
-Solomon Gibbs 
Allen Goodrich 
Lieut. Caleb Goodrich 
Simeon Goodrich 
Thomas Goodrich 
Benoni Gleason 
Jacob Gleason 
Maj. Osias Johnson 
William Jones 
Rev. Dan Kent 
Allen Leet 
William Manning 
Lieut. Solomon Martin 
James Noble 
Amos Root, Jr. 
John Stearns 
Asahel Stiles 
Jacob Thomas 
Reuben Wilkenson 


Elias Babcock 
Job L. Barber 
Capt. Phineas Heath 
William Larrabee 
Capt. David Nutting 
Maj. Stephen Royce 
Benjamin B. Searles 


Richard Bailey 
Nathaniel Bosworth 
James Braman 
William Flagg 
John Flanders 

Joseph Goodenow 
Serg't David Nye 
Elijah Nye 
Solomon Nye 
James Parley 
Zachariah Perrin 
Stephen Person 
Capt. James Sawyer 
Thomas Spears 
Capt. Daniel Taylor 
Abraham Townsend 


Silas Adams 
Serg't Elisha A. Fowlei 
James Huntington 
Thomas McKnight 
John Moody 
Sylvanus Owen 
Samuel Paine 
Jonathan Rice 
Godfrey Richardson 
William Wight 

Samuel Barnet 
John Kennedy 


Serg't Samuel Bass 
Enoch Cleveland 
Exter Doleby 
Daniel Flint 
Serg't Jonathan Flint 
Phineas Flint 
Elijah French 
John Gooch 
Seth Mann 
Lieut. Isaac Nichols 
David Smith 
Jeremiah Snow 
Ebenezer White 


Samuel Aspinwall 
Theodore Barker 
Col. John Barron 
Bliss Corliss 
Emerson Corliss 



Capt. Robert Himkins 
Reuben Martin 
James McFarlin 


Jonas Bagley 
Samuel Burnell 
Edward Cheney 
Jacob Farrington 
Joshua Field 
Nathan Flint 
David Jacobs 
Philip Jones 
Jabez Lyon 
John McCollom 
David Merriam 
Roger Starkweather 
jedeaian vv'msiow 


John Alexander 
Thomas Ackley- 
^--John Barnes 
Samuel Bennett 
Joel Bolster 
William Butterfield 
Benjamin Chamberlain 
Oliver Chapin 
Reuben Church 
Jabez Clark 
James Dennis 
Benajah Dudley 
Obadiah Gill 
Daniel Harris 
Salathiel Harris 
William Harris 
Elisha Hotchkiss 
Bromer Jenks 
Elias Jones 
Income Jones 
Israel Jones 
Oliver Jones 
Lieut. Joseph Joy 
John Kelsey 
Cushing King 
Ichabod King 
William King 
Thaddeus Miller 
Isaac Pratt 

Serg't Hezekiah Salisbury 
Nathaniel Sampson 
Sylvanus Sartwell 
Levi Shumway 
Thomas Simpson 
Lemuel Thompson 
Royall Tyler 
Samuel Wellington 
David Wells 


Jonathan Capron 


Abraham Lawrence 

riant Tfoniamin "Miner 
David Whitney 
James Wilcox. 


Serg't John Bush 
Lieut. Amaziah Hawkins 
Serg't Robert Hoi ley 
Henry McLaughlin 
Capt. Gurden Munsill 


Daniel Benson 
Ebenezer Harwood 
Samuel Rist 
Jotham Stebbins 
Timothy Wellman 
Richard Whitney 
Jonathan Wooley 


Samuel Bagley 
Serg't Asahel Durkee 
Amasa Edson 
Amaziah Grover 
John Linde 
Joseph Morse 
Noah Paine 
Edmund Pease 
John Slade 
Capt. Solomon Smith 



Elisha Wilcox 
Gershom York 


Philip Grapes 
Nathaniel Wait 


'Col. Ebenezer Allen 

Gen. Ethan Allen 

Henian Allen 

Capt. Lemuel Bradley 

Capt. Alexander Catlin 

Dr. Seth Cole 

Gen. Roger Enos 

Col. Udny Hay 

Comfort Hicks 

Capt. Jesse Hollister 

Capt. Russell Jones 

Samuel Page 

Col. Stephen Pearl 

John Pomeroy 

Col. Nathan Rice 

Serg't David Russell 

Capt. Benjamin Russell 

Stephen Russell 

Capt. William Russell 

James Sawyer 

John Stacy 

John Battist 
Joshua Bliss 
Jonas Cousins 
Seth Do an 
David Fuller 
Backus Gary 
Ebenezer Goodenough 
Stephen Hall 
Moses Haskell 
Nathaniel Jacobs 
Francis Le Barron 
Job Macomber 
John Martin 
Phineas Slayton 
Jesse Slayton 
Shubael Shortt 
Ezekiel Sloan 

Serg't Samuel White 
Asa Wheelock 
Edmund Willis 
Duncan Young 


Jonah Brewster 
Capt. Frank Greene 
Elias Greene 
Nathaniel Read 
David Safford 


Lieut. David Blanchard 
Trueworthy Durgin 
Nathan Edson 
Jonathan Heath 
Starling Heath 
Maj. Lyman Hitchcock 
Lieut. Fifield Lyford 
Lieut. Thomas Lyford 
Jerry McDaniels 
Thomas Osgood 
Samuel Warner 
Nathaniel W T ebster 
Lieut. John W T hittier 


William Abbott 
Welcome Ainsworth 


Darius Branch 
Lieut. Rufus Branch 
Col. Isaac dark 
Eli Coggswell 
Peter Cogswell 
Jonathan Dunning 
Cyrus Gates 
Capt. John Hall 
Lieut. Elias Hall 
Nehemiah Hoit 
Col. Noah Lee 
Zadock Remington 


Timothy Fulham 
John Spaulding 




Lieut. Joseph Allen 
Samuel Andrews 
Lamberton Clark 
Levi Coggswell 
Samuel Hadlock 
James Hill 
Serg't Daniel Hosford 
David Hubbell 
Phineas Lake 
Skiff Morgan 
Asa Naramore 
Elisha Pulford 
Newton Russell 
Israel Sheldon 
Joseph Simonds 

S2jzia vvuiiuwwu 


Ebenezer Allen 
Laban Brown 
Serg't Jonas Gates 
Samuel Hayward 
Samuel Lincoln 
Thomas Moore 
Enos Smith 
Elkanah Stevens 


Josiah Pearson 
Jonathan Wood 


George Earl 
Daniel Heald 


Lieut. Samuel Allen 
William Carpenter 
Moses Chaplin 
Levi Colvin 
Zebulon Crane 
William Grossman 
David Dean 
James Eddy 
Joseph Fields 
Benjamin Foster 
Theophilus Harrington 

Gideon Hewitt 

Dr. Silas Hodges 

Nathan Lounsbury 

Samuel Newton 

John Smith 

Perry Smith 

Abel Titus 

Lieut. Col. Joseph Wait 

Serg't Richard Weaver 

Silas Whitney 


Elisha Allen 


David Hibbard 
Jonathan Woodbury 


Ebenezer Barry 
Amos Boardman Jr 
Jeremiah Bowen \}\ 
Abel Jackman $fi% 
Peter V. Mahew 
Reuben Page 
Daniel Stevens 
Bracket Towle 


Seth Abbott 
Roger Amy 
Eldad Andrus 
Zachariah Benedict 
Felix Benton 
Jeremiah Bingham 
Samuel Blodgett 
Abijah Davis 
Benajah Douglass 
Daniel Foot 
Hiland Hall 
Ambrose Hill 
Stephen Holley 
Elisha Hurlburt 
William Hurlburt 
Samuel Ingraham 
Nathan Jackson 
Jonathan Jennings 
Israel C. Jones 



David Parkhill 
Jacob Peck 

Lieut. Benjamin Reeve 
Samuel Richards 
William Slade 
Ebenezer Stebbins 
Benjamin Stevens 
Calvin Tilden 
Abraham Williamson 
Moses Wooster 


Amasa Wheelock 


Ephraim Briggs 
John Brock 
John Bromley 
Joshua Bromley 
William Bromley 
Rufus Bucklin 
Capt. John Burt 
Joseph Button 
Capt. Stephen Calkins 
Dennis Canfield 
Abraham Chase 
Jonathan Crandall 
David Comstock 
Obadiah Edmunds 
Benedict Eggleston 
Henry Frost 
Capt. William Gage 
Israel Harrington 
Thomas Harrington 
Henry Herrick 
Henry Lewis 
Peter Lewis 
Elisha Lincoln 
Darius Lobdell 
Lieut. Abraham Locke 
Jonathan Mabbitt 
Ephraim Mallory 
Jabeth Matteson 
Gideon W. Moody 
Lieut. John Mott 
Israel Phillips 
Israel Priest 
Isaac R.eed 
William Roberts 
Joseph Ross 

Israel Seley 
Jonathan Seley 
Gideon Taber 
Water Taber 
Capt. Micah Vail 
Capt. John Vail 
Isaac Wade 
Capt. Ebenezer Wilson 


Eli Bickford 
Jacob Chamberlain 
Samuel Chamberlain, Jr. 


Jonathan Armstrong 
Reuben Bloomer 
Jonathan Crandall 
Justus Holley 
William Manley 
Stephen Martindale 
Cephas Kent 
Cephas Kent, Jr. 
Prince Paddock 
Capt. John Shumway 
Maj. Simeon Smith 
Nathaniel Viall 
Capt. Abraham Underbill 


Serg't Elijah Baldwin 
Joseph Briggs 
David Dexter 
Gamaliel Ellis 
William Hall 
Samuel Hill 
Gardner Howe 
Joshua Kendall 
David Leonard 
Abner Perry 
Ebenezer Sears 
Ebenezer Sparks 
Luther Ward 
■ Timothy Wood 


Nathan Adams 
Joseph Bemis 
Joshua Bemis 




David Bennett 
Stewart Black 
Isaac Boyden 
Maj. Jcsiah Boyden 
Ebenezer Brooks 
Elijah Brown 
Elijah Buck 
Jabez Butler 
John Burnham 
James Chase 
William Cummings 
Jason Duncan 
Asa Dutton 
Benjamin Estabrook 
William French 
Daniel Gates 
Elijah Gibbs 
Joseph Gilbert 
Benjamin Gleason 
John Gould 
James Hanley 
Joseph Hilliard 
Arad Holton 
Daniel Houghton 
Seth Hudson 
Jonathan Huntley 
Josiah Kellogg 
Joel Knight 
Jonathan Knight 
John Laughton 
Nathaniel Laughton 
Samuel Laughton 
Daniel Lester 
Serg't Calvin Munn 
Capt. Isaac Miller 
John Miller 
vMaj. Joseph Miller 
John Negus 
Samuel Norcross 
Benjamin Pierce 
Elkanah Prentice 
Lemuel Presson 
Lieut. Leonard Spaulding 
Isaac Taylor 
Joshua Wilder 
Lieut. John Wyman 

David Phelps 
Samuel Ridley 


Enoch Cate 
Theophilus Clark 
Roland Edwards 
Serg't John Gray 
Job Macomber 
Elias Metcalf 
John Putnam 
David Russell 
Daniel Russell 
Joshua Sanders 
Samuel Southwick 
Clark Stevens 

Edward West 
Samuel White 


Col. Samuel Elmore 


William Boyd 
Jacob Baker 
William Cragie 
Ebenezer Dunham 
Seth Denio 
Ephraim Leach 
James Hall 
John Perley 
Nathaniel Sherman 
Maj. Benjamin Williams 


Jonathan Bixby 
Lieut. Samuel Bradley 
Stephen Butler 
Thomas Chipman 
Gideon Curtis 
David Day 
William Ingraham 
Abram Stevens 


Serg't John Cabot 
Benjamin Davis 


Briar Beeman 
Philip Blaisdell 




Josiah Brush 
Anthony Cline 
James Crissey 
Stephen England 
Asa Farnsworth 
James Farnsworth 
^ Oliver Farnsworth 
% Oliver Far well « — - 

/ Jonathan George 
Edmund Goodrich 
Stephen Howard 
Stephen Holmes 
Arad Jay ■ . , 

James Keeler 
Zelda Keyes 
Hampton Lovegrove 
t/Gnathcin x.^CLjor 
Jedediah Merrill 
Joseph Merrill 
Nathan Murray 
Brigham Rood 
Joseph Starkweather 
Thomas Stickney 
Jacob Story 
Bernard Ward 
Isaac Webster 
Robert Wilkins c . t v \ 

y v t ; ' 

Josiali Briggs 
Serg't John Colburn 
John B. Mitchell 
Phinehas Page 
Medad Parson 
Francis Story 
Oscar Wilson 
Benjamin Wooster 


Jacob Barnes 
Jonathan Cady 
Solomon Cleaveland 
Serg't Isaac Cutler 
Alexander Dunohue 
William Button 
Ezra Hamilton 
Oliver Kidder 
Gamaliel Leonard 
Noah Priest 

Serg't Ethan Whipple 
Dr. James Witherell 

Francis Churchill 
V-Lieut. Ebenezer Cook 
Benjamin Follett 
Samuel Woods 
Asa Woodward 


Ebenezer Cutler 
Joseph Marble 
Jesse Mix 
William Wait 


Reuben Martin 
Noah Porter 


Thomas L. Munsil 
Briggs Rood 


Maj. Leonard Keep 
Col. Ebenezer Marvin 
Capt. Lemual Roberts 
William Sisco 
James Stevenson " 
Reuben Towle 


Elisha Bartlett 
Samuel Bartlett 
Frederick Cushman 
Abram Laflin 
Abel Parker 
Abel Pierce 2nd 
William Post 
Ethiel Scott 
Joseph Stannard 


Joshua Elwell 




Phineas Blood 
James Cowen 
Reuben Grandey 
Abiather Pollard 


Isaac Adams 
Joseph Adams 
Lieut. Samuel Allen, Jr. 
Ephraim Duell 
Serg't Alpheus Hall 
William Hazen 
William Hodgkins 
Elijah Hyde 

Grindal Reynolds 
Daniel Wads worth 


Isaac Cady 
Levi Ball 


Abraham Alexander 
David Bachelder 
Ebenezer Bachelder 
Jeremiah Bachelder 
Dominicus Gray 
Jesse Heath 
Jonathan Macomber y 
Samuel Randall 
Edmund Welch 


Benjamin Carpenter 
David Field 
Elisha Field 
John Kent 
John Shepardson 


Thomas Farnsworth 
Serg't Samuel Stafford 


Obadiah Lamb 


Capt. John Doe 



Serg't John Stevens 
Andrew Wheatley 


Samuel Bailey 
Sherebiah Ballard 
William Champlin 
Nathan Cobb 
Joseph Fenno 
Seth Fuller 
Joseph Gallup 
Roeer Huntington 
Elijah Kibbie 
Christopher Pease 
Burphy Prouty 
Phineas Russ 
Stephen Tilden 
Elisha Woodard 
William Whitman 
Dr. James Wolcott 


Amasa Bryant 

Joseph Evans 

John Orcutt 

Sergt. Jeremiah Richardson 

Moses Webster 


Ebenezer Chamberlin 
John E. Johnson 
Serg't Benjamin Story Meigs 
Matthew Morehouse 
Nathan Record 


David Beach 
George Palmer 


John Churchill 
Samuel Churchill 
Silas Churchill 



Frederick Dikeman 
Capt. Benjamin Hickok 
Rev. Ithamer Hibbard 
John Rurnsey 
William Rumsey 
Jonathan Slayson 
Serg't Asahel Wright 
Capt. James Whelpley 


James Ambler 
Ebenezer Ambler 
Serg't Solomon Buel 
Charles Brewster 
Benjamin Derby 
John Fitch 

Jehiel Johns 
Joshua Remington 
Jacob Snyder 


Thomas Coote 
Samuel Eaton 
Darius Fitch 
Capt. Jabez Fitch 
Ephraim Garvin 
Jacob Hadley 
Capt. Jedediah Hyde 
Lieut. Aaron Keeler 
Capt. Peter Martin 
Amos McKinstry 
Jabez Newland 
Oliver No-yes 
Roger Toothaker 


Salmon Kingsley 
Jason Newton 
David Parker 
Peter Parker 
Nathaniel Wilmarth 


Daniel Bixby 
Serg't William Blanchard 
Serg't John Fadden 
Nathaniel Hall 

Caleb Hill 
Abram Knapp 
Ezra Pike 
Elisha E. Reynolds 
Henry Scott 
Seth Strong 
Gardner Wait 
Joseph Willams 
William Wilsey 


Thomas Barney 
Lewis Chapin 
John Lyman 
Roderick Messenger 


H Samuel Eaton 


Serg't John Barker 
Capt. Thomas Sawyer 
Stephen Sparks 
Joseph Swinington 


Owen Briggs 
Wolcot Burnham 
Ebenezer Durfy 
Thomas Lee 


Edward Aiken 
Barach Bolster 
William Cox 
Samuel Davis 
Hollis Eaton 
John Hasey 
Samuel Hayward 
John Patterson 
Benjamin Pierce 
Thomas Reed 
Nathaniel Shattuck 
John Warner 


Hosea Sprague 





Aaron Ames 
Ebenezer Belknap 
Warren Cook 
Zerubbabel Eager 
Levi Fay 
Samuel Gates 
Franklin Littlefield 
Samuel Phelps 
Moses Quimby 

Lieut. Rice 

John Whipple 


Serg't Abel Carpenter 

William Harvev 


Daniel Abbott 
John Abbott 
Jonathan Aiken 
John Allen 
Jonathan Allen 
Josiah Allen 
Seth Allen 
David Anderson 
James Anderson 
Robert Anderson 
Daniel Arnold 
John Austin 
Absalom Baker 
Joseph Baker 
Eleazer Baldwin 
Daniel Barber 
Gideon Barber 
Samuel Barto 
Benjamin Bears 
Lewis Beebe 
William Bedel 
Nathan Beman 
Samuel Beman 
Jonathan Benedict 
Samuel Benedict 
William Bennett 
Samuel Biney 
Capt. Peter Black 
Elijah Bliss 
Timothy Bliss 
Elijah Blodgett 

Bernard Bourn 
Jared Bourn 
Nathaniel Bourn 
Arthur Bostwick> 
Israel Bostwick 
Nathaniel Bostwick 
Jonathan Boyden 
Christopher Brackett 
James Breakenridge 
Capt. Allen Briggs 
David Brooks 
Asa Brownson 
Eli Brownson 
Thomas Bull 
Thomas Bull, Jr. 
Joseph Bulkley 

ChnrlPR "Rnllis 
Henry Bullis - 
Beverly Biirch 
Joseph Burr 
Elijah Burton 
Isaac Burton, Jr. 
Josiah Burton 
James Cadwell 
Abner Chaffee 
Daniel Champion 
Calvin Chamberlin 
Amos Chipman 
Ebenezer Clark 
Josiah Clark 
Robert Cochran 
Elijah Cook 
Elisha Cook 
Charles Collins 
Christopher Collins 
Nathaniel Collins 
Richard Colvin 
Jonathan Corey 
James Cowden 
Hall Curtis 
David Cutting 
John Daggett 
Shadrack Danks 
Job Dean 
Eliakim Dening 
William Drew 
Nathan Eaton 
James Eddy 
John Elliot 
John Ells 



Waterman Ells 
Abel Emmons 
Zadock Everest 
Stephen Farman 
Thomas Fan* 
Asa Farrand 
Benjamin Fassett 
John Fassett, Jr. 
David Fay 
Joseph Fay- 
John Forbes 
Roswell Francis 
Thomas French 
Elijah French 
Joseph French 
Samuel French 
siias uooancn 
Zebedee Goodwin 
William Gould 
Jesse Graves 
Thaddeus Harris 
John Harris 
John Hageboom 
Barnabas Hatch 
Cornelius Havens 
Edward Henderson 
Thomas Hill 
William Hill 
Simeon Hine 
David Hix 

Capt. Elijah Hollister 
John Hopkins 
John Howard- 
Samuel Hull 
James Jameson 
Daniel Jones 
David Jones 
John Langdon 
Loren Larkin 
Joseph Larkins 
David Leavenworth 
David Lee 
David Lee, Jr. 
James Lewis 
Josiah Lockwood 
Hugh Logan 
John Logan 
Robert Logan 
Benjamin Mclntyre 
Joseph Mclntyre 

Isaac Marks 
Aaron Mason 
Benjamin Matteson 
James Mead 
Philip Mead 
Timothy Mead 
Timothy Mead, Jr. 
Truman Mead 
Zebiilon Mead 
Daniel Merriman 
Daniel Miller 
Noah Morse 
Rufus Munson 
Thaddeus Munson 
James Murdock 
Robert Nicholas 
Jacob Odeii 
William Odel 
Gideon Olmstead 
Daniel Ormsby 
Gideon Ormsby 
Jonathan Ormsby 
John Page 
Jonathan Page 
Timothy Pearl 
Abel Pettibone 
Samuel Pettibone 
Seth Pettibone 
Abel Phelps 
Martin Powell 
Truman Powell 
-Benjamin Purdy 
Benjamin Purdy, Jr. 
Daniel Purdy 
David Purdy 
Reuben Purdy 
Solomon Purdy 
William Ramsey 
Philip Reynolds 
Amos Richardson 
Andrew Richardson 
John Richardson 
Nathan Richardson 
Serg't Israel Roach 
Benjamin Roberts 
Christopher Roberts 
Daniel Roberts 
John Roberts 
Peter Roberts 
William Roberts 



Samuel Robinson 
Joel Ross 
William Ross 
John Sabin 
Jesse Sawyer 
Aaron Saxton 
George Saxton 
John Sayer 
John Scott 
Daniel Shaw 
Josiah Sheldon 
Timothy Skinner 
Abraham Smith 
Frederick Smith 
George Smith 
Isaac Smith 
John Smith 
John Smith, Jr. 
Nathan Smith 
Noah Smith 
Reuben Smith 
Seth Smith 
Stephen Smith 
Mordecai Soper 
Pelatiah Soper 
Solomon Soper 
Thomas Soper 
Timothy Soper 
Moses Sperry 
John Stewart 
Wallace Sunderland 
James Sutherland 
John Sutherland 
Lem Sutherland 
Samuel Sutherland 
Jonathan Taylor 
Moses Taylor 
Ezra Thompson 
David Tuttle 
Benjamin Vaughan 
James Vaughn 
Samuel Viall 
Jeremiah Wait 
Thomas W f ait 
Perez W T alton 

Capt. Wakefield 

Serg't Ebenezer Wakefield 
Stephen Washburue 
Giles Walcott 
Isaac Whipley 

Jeremiah Whipley 
John White 
Samuel Wilcox 
Stephen Wilcox 
Edmund Wood 
Nicholas Wood 
Enoch Woodbridge 
John Woodworth 
John Wright 
Samuel Wright 


Thomas Adams 
Justus Aingus 
Zarager Bartlett 
Sylvester Bishop 

John Church 
Timothy Mather 
Timothy Tomlin 
Jonathan Warren 
W r illiam Williams 
Nathaniel Whitney 


Jacob Black 
Daniel Bemis 
Nathaniel Corbin 
Jonas Cummings 
Henry Dwinell 
Joseph J. Eaton 
John Pike 
Jonathan Willis 


Harvey Bell 
Eleazer Barrows 
Nathan Case 
John Chipman 
David Chaffen 
Edward Eels 
Freeman Foot 
Martin Foot 
Philip Foot 
Bethuel Goodrich 
Lieut. Stephen Goodrich 
William Goodrich 
Lebbeus Harris 



Aaron Hastings 
Eben W. Judd 
Abraham Kirby 
Henry Keeler 
Ebenezer Markham 
Timothy Mathews 
Samuel Mattocks 
Gamaliel Painter 
Jonathan Preston 
Jabez Rogers 
John Stewart 
Ebenezer Sumner 


Joseph Chapin 
Cyrus Hill 
James Hobaft 
Joseph Hutchins 
Seth Putnam 


Lyman Tolman 
Ebenezer Woodbury 


Gideon Buel 
John Burnham 
Hezekiah Clift 
Peter Crocker 
Phineas Clough 
Thomas Clough 
David Enos 
Luther Filmore 
Serg't David Griswold 
Jonathan Griswold 
Benjamin Haskins 
Jonathan Haynes 
Jonathan Hays 
Benjamin Huckins 
Elisha Hutchins 
George Kilbourn 
Thomas Korgan 
Thomas Morgan 
Azor Perry 
Ezekiel Perry 
Francis Perkins 
Philo Stoddard 
Caleb Smith 
Serg't Joseph Spalding 
David Thomas 
John Woodworth 


David Austin 
Joseph Austin 
Alpheus Hall 
William A. Newman 
William Powell 


Ashbel Dean 
Josiah Lawrence 
David Rusco 
William Peck 
Abel Peck 
Serg't John Phinney 


Capt. Joshua Clapp 


Jacob Davis 
Perley Davis 
Aaron Griswold 
Estis Hatch 
Micah Hatch 
Timothy Hatch 
Luther King 
I ram Nye 
Richard Paine 
Samuel Patterson 
Eliakim D. Persons 
Capt. Stephen Rich 
Reuben Russell 
Joseph Woodworth 
Ziba Woodworth 
Timothy Worth 


Joseph Burke 
Samuel Cook 
Nathan Gates 
Crispus Shaw 
Moses Weld 


Ebenezer Andrews 
Jonas Holden 




Reuben Ranks 
Bissell Phelps 


Samuel Elliott 
Jacob Taylor 

Thomas Mellen 
John Mills 
John Mills, Jr. 
William Peach 
Gideon Smith 
Capt. Simeon Stevens 
William Wallace 
Peletiah Watson 


Serg't James Hathaway 
Ira Moulton 
Walter Taber 


Bancrof f ^ v >«++ 

Nathan Avery 

John Barnett 

Frye Bayley 

Jacob Bayley 

Gen. Jacob Bayley 

James Bayley 

Capt. John G. Bayley 

Maj. Joshua Bayley 

Capt. Jabez Bigelo\/ 

Peletiah Bliss 

Thomas Brock 

Abiel Chamberlin 

Sergt. Joseph Chamberlin 

Moses Chamberlin 

Remembrance Chamberlin 

Richard Chamberlin 

Asa Coburn 

Joel Corbee 

William Doe 

John Eaton 

Abner Fov/ler 

Jacob Fowler 

Lieut. Jonathan Goodwin 

Jonathan Hadley 

Nehemiah Hadley 

Col. Joab Hoisington 

Capt. Lemuel Holmes 

Col. Robert Johnston 

Capt. Thomas Johnson 

Col. Jacob Kent 

Jacob Kent, Jr. 

Capt. Nehemah Lovewell**, 

Peter Martin 


Ebenezer Allen 
David Anger 
Ward Eager 
Lieut. Jonathan Park 
Daniel Phillips 
Nathaniel Stedman 


Abram S. Abbott 

Lieut. Baldwin 

Amos Bird 
George W. Bisbee 
Solomon Brown 
Martin Crane 
Thomas Dickinson 
Martin Eno 
Alonzo H. Field 
Capt. Nathaniel Hall 
Jonathan Hoyt 
Seth Hoyt 
Seth Langdon 
Mathen Phelps 
Simeon Porter 
William Seymour 
George E. Smith 
Nathan Smith 
Josiah Taylor 
Augustus Tripp 
Jesse Ward 
Preserved Wheeler 
Capt. William Wheeler 


John Niles 


Noah Benson 
Ebenezer Fox 



Joseph Gold 
David Hedges 
John Loyd 
Eleazer Nichols 
Silas Roys 
Ananias Tubbs 
Serg't Jason Winch 


Samuel Allen 
Elisha Hibbard 
Nathan Hutchins 
Nathan Hutchins, Jr. 
Jedediah P. Ladd 


Elihu Bastes 
Capt. Paul Brigham 
Joseph Cushman 
Joseph Cummins 
Peter Olcott 
Joseph Loveland 
Timothy Wilmot 


Alden Freeman 
Simeon Judkins 
Capt. Nelson 


Apollos Austin 
Elias Bascom 
Seth Benson 
Ephraim Blood 
Archibald Brewer 
Samuel Brewer 
Daniel Buell 
Lemuel Cla.rk 
James Conkey 
Samuel Griswold 
Ebenezer Hulburd 
Wheeler Martin 
John Noble 
Simeon North 
John Pepper 
Jacob Perkins 
Eli Root 
Jonas Royce 
Pliny Smith 

Timothy Squier 

N. Richardson Stoddard 


Gideon Adams , 
Joseph Adams 
John Allen 

Nehemiah Allen 
Parmelee Allen 
Timothy Allen, Jr. 
Elisha Averill 
Lieut. Samuel Borden 
Aaron Bennett 
Sal ah Betts 
Roswell Bennett 
Christopher Billings 

Daniel Branch 
Ebenezer Broughton 
Elijah Brown 
Nathaniel Carver 
Oliver Churchill 
Elisha Clark 
Robert Cox 
Asa Denison 
Jedediah Edgerton 
Jacob Edgerton 
Capt. Simeon Edgerton 
Serg't Abiather Evans 
William Fitch 
Gideon Gifford 
Ebenezer Gillia 
Ebenezer Gould 
Ezekiel Harmon 
Serg't Nathaniel Hill 
Asahel Hollister 
Lieut. Elijah Hollister 
Junett Hollister 
Capt. James Hopkins 
Daniel Hallett 
Buckley Hutchins 
Silas Jones 
Oliver Loomis 
James Leach 
Judah Moffitt 
Serg't Josiah Monroe 
Simeon Pepper 
Maj. Moses Porter 
Capt. W 7 illiam Potter 
Capt. James Pratt 




Samuel Pratt 
Joseph Priest 
Jedediah Reed 
Isaac Reed 
Simeon Reed 
John Risden 
Daniel Risdon 
Abel Robinson 
Ephraim Robinson 
Serg't John Sargent 
George Rush 
Capt. John Start 
Serg't Peter Stevens 
Samuel Stratton 
Nathaniel Robinson 
Jacob Sylus 
Lieut. Eliel Todd 
Seth Viets 
Lieut. Daniel Welch 
Nathan Williams 
David Willey 
Andrew Winchester 
John Wiseman 
John Wood 
Henry Wooster 


Peter Ferris 
Edward Grandy 
Elijah Grandy 
Benjamin Holcomb 
Philip Spalding 
Phineas Spalding, Jr. 


Samuel Chamberlain 
William Chamberlain 
Jonathan Elkins 


Luther Fairbanks 


John Barnes 

Israel Buck 

Isaac Buck 

Isaac Buck, Jr. 

Capt. Benjamin Cooley 

Caleb Cooley 

Gideon Cooley 
William Cox 
Darius Crippen 
Serg't Jonathan Deming 
Noadiah Deming 
Ebenezer Drury 
Luther Drury 
Ephraim Dunlap 
Israel Ellsworth 
Samuel Ellsworth 
John Hitchcock 
Asahel Hopkins 
Ebenezer Hopkins 
James Hopkins 
Nehemiah Hopkins 
Ebenezer Lyman 
Stephen Mead 
Silas Mosher 
Jabez Olmstead 
Abdon Owen 
Abraham Owen 
Edward Owen 
Aaron Parsons 
John Penfield 
Serg't Milton Potter 
Zachariah Rand 
Zachariah Rand, Jr. 
Jonathan Rowley, Jr. 
Abel Stevens 
Benjamin Stevens 
Benjamin Stevens, Jr. 
Daniel Stevens 
Ephraim Stevens 
Samuel Sheldon 
John Woodward 


John Bancroft 
Solomon Bartlett 
Lieut. Joshua Lawrence 
Moses Reed 


Abial Bugbee 
William Clements 
Jeremiah Conant 
Nathaniel Carpenter 
Serg't John Dexter 
Dexter Hawkins 
Increase Hewitt 



Adam Howard 
Joshua Lazelle 
John Miller 
Abiel Morse 
Robert Perry- 
Jeremiah Pratt 
Samuel Snow 
Thomas Vail 
Charles Walcott 
Frederic Ware 
William Watrous 


Francis Akeley 


Samuel Wright 


Maj. Heber Allen 
Capt. Elkanah Ashley 
Thomas Ashley 
Jeremiah Armstrong 
William Buckland 
Stephen De Maranville 
Maj. Zebudiah Dewey 
Bazaleel Farnum 
Capt. John Grant 
James Hooker 
Thomas Hooker 
William Hooker 
Nehemiah Howe 
Silas Howe 
Abel Hubbard 
Lindley Joslin 
Josiah Lewis 
William Lewis 
Daniel Mallory 
Daniel Manning 
Joseph Manning 
Ichabod Marshall 
Joseph Marshall 
John Owen 
Samuel Prindle 
Joseph Rann 
John Richards 
Zebulon Richards 
Seth Ruggles 

Lieut. James Smith 
Jesse Soper 
Capt. William Watson 
William Wood 
Oliver Wright 


Daniel Adams 
David Brown 
Seth Corey 
Abram Houghton 
Elijah Houghton 
Joshua Hyde 
Zenas Hyde 
Daniel Jewett 
Elisha Johnson 
Moses Johnson 


Serg't Daniel Martin 
Aaron M. Martin 
Isaac Palmer 
John Smith 
Ezekiel Pierce 
Lieut. John Stovers 
James Upham 
George Ware 
Ezekiel Wilson 
Luke Wilson 


Benjamin Blodgett 
Henry Blodgett 
Sylvanus Blodgett 
Jacob Cobb 
William Corley 
Stephen Fish 
Lieut. John Goss 
David Green 
David Grow 
Dyer Hebard 
Stephen Herrick 
Joseph Hobart 
Elisha Lilley 
John Mclntyre 
Nathan Nye 
Solomon Orcutt 
Jacob Parish 
Adonijah Rogers 
James Steele 



Isaac Thayer 
Ansel Tucker 
Oliver Tyler 
Samuel Upham 
Lieut. Edward Waldo 
Serg't Abner Washburn 
Levi Wilder 
Benjamin Woodworth 

Abel Amsden 

Moses Chaplin 

George Clark 

Aaron Darling 

Oliver Davis 

James Hall 

Josiah Harris 

Benjamin Hathorn 

Nathan Hatch 

Capt. William A. Hawkins 

Jeremiah Johnson 

Solomon Keyes 

Gideon Kirtland 

Thomas Nichols 


Serg't Abiah Rice 
William Rist 
Ebenezer Robinson 
James Robinson 
Benjamin Sawyer 
Cornelius Sawyer 
Amos Wetherbee 
Daniel Wetherbee 
Elijah Williams 
Lieut. White 


Kiles Paul 

Jeduthun Wyman 


Enoch Carlton 
Hezekiah Goff 


Edward Allen 
James Humphrey 
William Wells 


Jabez Hendrick 
John S. Kirby 
Samuel S. Kirby 


Samuel Richardson 
Stephen Rumney 
Benjamin Samson 
Jedediah Smith 


Gideon Crandall 
Ebenezer Dewey 
John Hutchinson v _.- 
Asa Perrin 


Lieut. Jonathan Farrar 


Joseph Barney 
William Barr 
Obadiah Bass 
Joseph Bateman 
Nathaniel Beaman 
Jonathan Bell 
Capt. Joseph Bowker 
Benjamin Cheney 
James Claghorn 
John Cook 
Barzilla Dewey 
Daniel Douglass 
William Emerson 
John Fenton 
Seth Gorham 
David Gleason 
Nathaniel Gore 
Asa Hale 
Moses Hale 
Jesse Hayden 
Amos Himes 
Ephraim Jackson 
Joseph Kimball 
Phinehas Kingsley 
Lieut. Thomas Lee 
Jesse Long 
Levi Long 
Benjamin Johnson 
John McConnell 



Samuel McCormell 
James Mead 
William Page 
David Pattisou 
Joshua Pratt 
Nathan Pratt 
Issacher Reed 
Joshua Reynolds 
Luther Shaw- 
Cephas Smith 
John Smith 
Solomon Smith 
Daniel Squires 
Henry Strong. 
Samuel Thrall 
David Tuttle 
Serg't Amos Weller 
uoauian wneeier 
Serg't Eleazer Wheelock 
Wait Wright 


Serg't Abiel Learned 
Sylvester Learned 


Gershom Beach 
Salathiel Bump 
Samuel Daniels 
Josiah Farnham 
George Griswold 
John Holt 
Christopher Johnson 
Henrj r Keeler 
Samuel Keep 
John Morton 
Joshua Mossman 
Joel Newton 
Daniel Noyes 
Samuel Pierce 
William Pratt 
Thomas Savery 
Eli Smead, 
Jabez Spencer 
Simeon Strong 
Jonathan Wainwright 
Abe Waterous 
Daniel Whiting 


Serg't Lewis Hurd 


Jabez Elwell 
John Elwell 
Moses Elwell 
Jonas Galusha 
Aaron Hewlett 
Gideon Olin 


Samuel Drown 
Enos Flanders 


Serg't Ebeneze.r Barstow 
Capt. Israel Burritt 
John Callender 
Asahel Nash 
Richard Spear 
Lieut. Peter Stearns 
Moses Pierson 
Uzal Pierson 
Ziba Pierson 
Nathan White 


Lieut. Francis Duclos 
Elisha Sheldon 
David Sloan 
Elisha Smith 
Benjamin Stearns 
Capt. Robert Wood 


Josiah Ward 


Stephen Barnum 
Thomas Barnum 
Ebenezer Bush 
Amos Callender 
Noah Callender 
Timothy F. Chipman 
Col. Ephraim Doolittle 
Gideon Jennings 



Noah Jones 
Pete Jones 
William Jones 
Elijah Kellogg 
John Larrabee 
Daniel Newton 
Josiah Pond 
David Ramsdell 
Hopkins Rowley 
Thomas Rowley 
Thomas Rowley, Jr. 
Eli Smith 
Nathan Smith 
Samuel Wolcott 
Samuel Wolcott, Jr. 
Elijah Wright 


Adam Beals 
Haclatiah Bridges 
Paul Brigham 
Hananiah Brooks 
Samuel Church 2nd 
John Delaney 
John Gates 
Serg't Isaac Gibbs 
Lieut. Isaac Holden 
Ithiel Holdridge 
William Isham 
Jonathan Janes 
Col. Stephen Keyes 
Hezekiah Keeler 


Andrew Bradford 
William Brown 
James Chittenden 
Paul Haywood 
John Harris 
Joseph Hodgman 
Capt. William Holden 
William Kirk 
Richard Lee 
Thomas Leland 
Jonathan Martin 
Matthew Pierce 


Philemon Adams 
Samuel Dennis 
Stephen Eastman 
Capt. John Kilmorn 
Serg't William Lord 
Samuel Low 
Capt. Nathaniel Smith 


Benjamin Adams 
Thomas Dixon 
Eleazer Martin 
John Monte 
Joseph Mott, Jr. 
Jabez Rockwell 
Capt. Ephraim Sawyer 
David Wadsworth 

Daniel B. Meigs 
Maj. Amos Merrill 
Noel Potter 
Zepheniah Ross 
Samuel Todd 
Bates Turner 
Capt. John Warner 
Truman Warner 


George Bidwell 
Nathaniel Chafee 
Solomon Phillips 
Oliver White 


Jehial Isham 


Jonathan Arnold 
Serg't Barnabas Barker 
Capt. John Barker 
Capt. Samuel Barker 
Simeon Cobb 
Jonas Flint 
Daniel Fuller 
Stephen Hawkins 
John Ide 
Lemuel Jenkins 
Joel Roberts 

t k ■-■ ■ ■ !L 





Levi Bacon 
Peter Benson 
Ezra Blaisdell 
Lieut. Timothy Blake 
Samuel Bliss 
John P. Burroughs 
Elias Carpenter 
Samuel Eastman 
Benjamin George 
Job Haskell 
Robert Haynes 
James Hyde 
Enoch Jenkins 
Jacob Killinger 
Oliver Laid 
Benjamin Lilley 
David Miller 
Joseph Norton 
Azel Percival 
Serg't John Powell 
Jonathan Rich 
David Rich 
Jonathan Rowell 
Elisha Shepard 
Lieut. Frederick Smith 
Joseph Smith 
,. Benjamin Tucker 
Capt. Phineas Walker 
Joel White 
Capt. Guy Young 


Abner Hall 
Noah Merritt 
Stephen Murray 
Peter Reynolds 
Serg't Adam Stevens 
Asahel Williams 


Capt. Thomas Comstock 
Simeon Hicks 


Samuel Marble 
Jonathan Marsh 


Jesse Ainger 
Rev. Amos Beckwith 
Moses H. Brewer 
James Campbell 
Serg't Samuel Winslow 


Azariah Brooks 
Eleazer Brooks 
Hananiah Brooks 
Josiah Brush 

Samuel Todd 


Asa Bond 
Serg't Joseph Bruce 
Jonathan Child 
Richmond Crandall 
Robert Farris 
John Frizzell 
Simon Gillett 
Josiah Hubbard 
Edward S. Meeder 
Levi Parker 
Samuel Shepherd 
Solomon Strong 
James Tyler 
Jeremiah Tyler 
Richard Wallace 


Charles Brewster 

Lieut. Nathaniel Chipman 

Neri Cramton 

Dr. Ebenezer Marvin 

Samuel Mattocks 

Samuel Noble 

Pelatiah Phillips 

Beulah Waldo 

Abel Grout 
Bissell Grout 
Bille Mann 


Adam Dickey 
Jacob Wilds 




John Burt 

Maj. Samuel Fletcher 
Josiah Fisk 
Jonas Galusha 
Philip Kingsbury 
Ebenezer Mclvaine 
Nathaniel Oaks 
Joseph Tyler 


Moses Hunt 
Abner Smith 


Timothy Dewey 
Capt. Benjamin Durkee 
Joel Emery 
John Hopkins 
Hezekiah Hutchinson 
John Riddall 
Cyrus Tracy 
Serg't Elijah Tracy 
Peter Whitney 


David Berge 
Chauncey Graves 
George Olds 
Caleb Sheldon 
Barnard Ward 
Oliver Wells 


Enoch Woodbridge 
Phineas Brown 


John Dresser 
John Fair man 
Sylvanus Harris 
Isaac Johnson 
Stephen Johnson 
Jacob Lawton 
David Lee 
.Andrew Parsons 

John J. Peeler 
Isaac Pratt 
Ebenezer Scott 
Thomas Sweetland 
Jerijah Thayer 


Enoch Catlin 
Lyman Child 
Jesse Paine 
Nathan Pierce 
Samuel Southworth 


David Bashnell 
Gaas Hitchcock 

Benjamin Wait 

Serg't Joshua Corson 


James Culver 
William Fox 
Lieut. Abraham Ives 
Lieut. Joseph Randall 


Robert Babcock 
Thomas Boyle 
Gideon Brimhall 
Nathaniel Chamberlin 
Elisha Converse 
Hinsdale Hammond 
David Harris 
Adam Howard^ 
Samuel Kenney 
Daniel Read 
Ephraim Rice 
John Stacy 
Stephen Wan-en 
Edward Walker 
Asa Wheelock 


John Greenslit 
William Porter 



Moses Sargent 
Richard Shaw 
Ruel Sherman 


Pliny Stannard 


Enoch Cheney 
Horatio Hobart 
Joseph Kenison 
Shubel Smith 
Thaddeus White 


.f eter jbiobsuiu 
William Hart 
Robert Hotchkiss 
— -Phineas Lamb 
Timothy Moses 
Elijah Parks 


Asaph Allen 
John Atkins 
Paul Dillingham 
Levi Gleason 
Roswell Hunt 
John Hutson 
Cephas Sheldon 


Isaac Proctor 


William Cox 
Solomon Dickinson 
Joseph Foster 
John Gould 
Jonathan Lougee 
Stephen May 
Calvin Morse 
Francis Whitcomb 


Jesse Atwood 
William Chadwick 

George Chase 

Gideon Dixon 

Samuel French 

Solomon Hobart 

Simeon Hooker 

John Lawrence 

Serg't John Macomber ^~~~ 

Samuel Moore 

George Northway 

Capt. James Taylor 

George Thrasher 

Benjamin Wilmont 

Josiah Woodruff 


Elijah Tryon 


Samuel Martin 
John W T ait 


Jabez Arms 

Sergt. Seth Arnold 

Thomas Baldwin 

Aaron Bixby 

Nathaniel Bixby 

Elisha Berry 

Stephen R. Bradley 

Capt. Jesse Burk 

Bysewell Beckwith 

James Crawford 

William Cronk 

Lieut. Nathaniel Doubleday 

Isaiah Eaton 

Richard Fairbrother 

William French 

Bartholomew Fuller 

Benjamin Goodridge 

Benjamin Goodridge, Jr. 

Seth Gould 

Lot Hall 

Aaron Hitchcock 

Heli Hitchcock 

Charles Holden 

Francis Holden 

Daniel Houghton 

David Houghton 



Jonathan Houghton 
Benjamin Howard-""""" 
Robert Miller 
Henry P. Ranney 
Ephraim Ranney 
Mark Richards 
Reuben Robinson 
Benjamin Smith 
Benjamin Stone 
Linds Tower 
Josiah Victor 
DaTid Wells 
Azariah Wright 
Caleb Wright 
Thomas Wright 


Reuben Kendall, Jr. 


Ebenezer Chandler 

Cornelius Lynde 
Elijah Paine 
Shubael Simons 
James Smith 
John Smith 
Sylvester Smith 
Timothy Snow 
Job Thompson 


Elisha Bradley 
Joseph Bradley 
Robert Beach 
Dr. Thomas Binney 
Serg't John Brown 
Thomas Chittenden 
Paul Clark 
Joseph Edmonds 
Thaddeus Graves 
Col. Isaac McNeil 
Solomon Miller 


Maj. Samuel Beach 
Serg't Noah Bliss 
Francis Donita 
Ezra Kelsey 
Milton Potter 
Gideon Walker 
Elijah White 


Josiah Brown 
Jonathan Cooley 
Silas Stickney 
Jonathan Tainter 


Edmund Bacon 
James Buell 
Ephraim Capron 
Abijah Clark 
Eliphalet Colman 
Joseph Crane 
Penuel Denning 
Joshua Gilman 
William Harrington 
Moses Jeffords 
Henry Johnson 
James Kilburn 


Asher Alvord 
Serg't Adnah Bangs 
Caleb Baldwin 
Jedediah Bassett 
Charles Bellows 
Abraham Boyd 
Abram Boyd 
Robert Boyd 
Samuel Bridge 
John Buck 
Moses Buck 
Samuel Buell 
Roger Burchard 
Timothy Castle 
Simeon Chandler 
Jonathan Childs 
Jesse Cook 
Joseph Cook 
Robert Cook 
Daniel Cutting 
Daniel Dickenson 
Ozias Dix >-- — 
Warren Eastbrook 
Elijah Easton 
Jesse Fitch 
John Fitch 
Stephen Forbes 



James Flagg 
Josiali Flagg 
Stephen Foster 
Theophilus Foster 
Nathan Fox 
Watson Freeman 
John Gibbs 
Andrew Haskell 
Thomas Haskell 
William Haskell 
Jonathan Hastings 
Asa Havens 
Abraham Haynes 
Serg't Jonas Haynes 
Reuben Haynes 
David Jillson 
Jonathan Johnson 

John Mack 
Archibald McCormic 
Nehemiah Peirce 
Daniel Putnam 


Sewall Blood 
Benjamin Cole 
Stephen Conant 
Walter Gilkey 
Samuel Hutchinson 
Samuel Marcy 
Jereboam Swain 
Capt. Benjamin Skinnei 
Andrew Stevens 
Capt. Moses White 

Serg't Israel Lawton 
Jonah Lincoln 
Daniel Livermore 
John Marks 
Benjamin Metcalf 
Isaac Miller 
Juda.h Moore 
Reuben Morgan 
Jesse Mossman 
Samuel Murdock 
Joseph Nye 
Levi Packard 
Jeremiah Parmelee 
James Smith 
Medad Smith 
Daniel Stearns 
Josiah Stearns 
Reuben Stearns 
Jesse Swift 
Samuel Thompson 
Ephraim Titus 
Jeremiah Wheeler 
Barni Wing 
Jonathan Witt 


Samuel Ayers 
Jonathan Britnall 
John Burnap 
John Cole 
Stephen Fitcb 
Archibald Mack 

John Brooks 

Seth Hubbell 


Joseph Blanchard 
David Rugg 
Comfort Wheeler 


James Bishop 

Lieut. Abner Brigham 

Jesse Bruce 

Rufus Carpenter 

John Darling 

John Doton 

James Fletcher 

Daniel Fraser 

Lieut. Nathan Howland 

Jabez King 

Andrew McWaine 

Joel Perkins 

Phineas Raymond 

Lieut. Israel Richardson 

Amaziah Richmond 

Nathaniel Ruggles 

Phinehas Sanderson 

Benjamin Thompson 

Jacob Wilder 


Stephen Spear 






David Barber 

Peter Bradley 

Calvin Bingham 

Jacob Chase 

Jason Eager 

Bethuel Goodrich, Jr. 

Martin Hatch 

Sergt. Henry Jones, 2nd 

Henry Jones 

Russell Jefferson 

William Jourdon 

Serg't Adam Muir 
Levi Plumbley 
Thomas Stevens 
Serg't Calvin Stewart 
Abraham Vandenberg 
Henry Wilson 
Joseph Walbridge 


Ephraim Bowen 
Serg't James A. Bennett 
Benjamin Grover 
Nathan B. Harvey 
Zenas Jones 
George W. King 
Jonathan Lyon 
John Talman 
Richard C. Wear 


Hastings Blanchard 
James Chesley 
Eben Fisk 
Judson Farrah 
Wells Goodwin 
Samuel Haviland 
Joseph Hackett 
Augustus Monroe 


Lyman Allen 
Jonathan Allen 

Alanson Adams 

Reuben Butler 

Serg't Joseph H. Bryant 

Daniel Bennett 

Guy Beebee 

Benjamin Butcher 

Robert Cockle 

James Gatchell 

Zebulon Gilman 

Arthur Hogan 

Asa Hull 

William Humphrey 

Harvey Johnston 

David Lathe 

John McLeod 

Lawrence Pa no ^^ 

Sergt. Levi Pratt — 

Lieut. Frederick A. Sawyer 

John Titus 

Peter Wilhelm 

John Williams 


Adam Bartlett 
Jonathan Hoyt 


James Austin 
Alfred Eldredge 
Serg't Gardner Foster 
Artiban Ho it 
Uriah Higgins 
John Newton 
Justus Powers 
Lemuel Scott 
Alpheus Smith, Jr. 
Obed Snow 
Harry Sykes 
Frederick Wilkins 


Charles Cortwite 
Eleazer Martin 
Thomas Reynolds 
Abraham Woodard 




Solomon Clark 
Charles Collins 
Lieut. John W. Cushing 
John Darling 
Experians Fisk, Jr. 
Manzel Hazelton 
James Mellen 
Ebenezer Smith 
Nicholas C. Wells 


Stephen Barnard 

John Bickford 

John Collins 

Joshua i<oss 

Serg't Frederick Fuller 

Joshua Gilman 

Gideon Griggs 

John Hadley 

Jonas Harrington 

Ela Haynes (or Hinds) 

Stephen F. Hemingway 

Nathaniel Hewett 

Nathaniel Norris 

Adam Sumner 

Walter Waller 


Stephen Angervine 
John Bell 
Serg't Elial Bond 
Lieut. Daniel Farrington 
Nathan Ford 
Solomon Gibbs 
Moses Head 
John Herrick 
Roswell Hunt 
Thomas Mitchell 
Charles Obriham 
Rufus Parker 
Elnathan Phelps 
Ira Remington 
Prince Robinson 
Elnathan Ward 

David Warren 
Abel Woods 


Isaac Billings 
Laban Brown 
Richard Buchanan 
James Green 
James Harvey 
Jason March 
Adonijah B. Rogers 


Oliver Darling 
Isaac Gleason 
William Hazeltine 
Thomas Lowe 
Calvin P. Perry 
Serg't Daniel Reed 
Elihu Sabin 
Chauncey L. Temple 


Daniel Averill 
Serg't Alfred Barrel 
Ezra Bellows 
Daniel Boynton 
Aden Bullard 
Serg't Giles Cone 
Ezekiel Cook 
Capt. David Crawford 
Calvin Dike 
Serg't Andrew Dunlap 
William Fisk 
Serg't Charles French 
John M. Goodrich 
Calvin Green 
Zera Green 
Willard Huntoon 
John Morgan 
Alba Southard 
James Stevens 
Amasa Turner 
Robert White 



OFFICE IN 1801 AND 1814. 

Jonas Adams 
Elijah Barnes 
Samuel Bradish 
Daniel Brown 
Thomas Brush 
Elisha Capron 
Frederick Carter 
Gershom Clark 
Samuel Eyres 
Ezra Gates 
Thomas Green 
Jonathan Haynes 
Jared Hinkley 
William Hunt 
Charles Huntoon 
Lieut. Joseph Huntoon 
Serg't Seth Ingram 
Joseph B. Lovewell 
Abraham Merryfield 

Richard Millen 

Lieut Elnathan Nichols 

Col. John Nixon 

Elisha Norton 

Pliney (Pliny) Pomeroy 

Jonathan Preston 

Nehemiar- Price 

Peter Rider 

John Roberts 

Amasa Scott 

Ephraim Smith / - 

Capt. John Stark 

Urian atone 

Joseph Tyler 

Horace B. Thompson 

Aaron Y\ r ilder 

Ephraim Wilmarth 

Serg't John Wilson 

William Woodruff 

q y 



Solomon Aiken 

John Alexander 

Ezra Allen 

Heman Amy 

Benjamin Andrews 

Samuel Andrews 

Lieut. Samuel Bache 

Capt. John Bacon 

Isaac Barrows 

Jonathan Belding 

Simeon Blanchard 

Leeman Brownson 

David Brydia 

Daniel Ball 

Asahel Beebe 

Solomon Beebe 

Jesse Bishop 

Elijah Branch 

Edward Calley (or Kelley) 

Timothy Case 

Henry Chamberlin 

Leander Chamberlin 

Swift Chamberlin 
Peter Chartier 
Capt. Peter Clayes 
David Clough 
Sergt. Anthony Collamore 
Asa Crane 
John Crane 
Zachariah Curtis 
Nathaniel Cushman 
Levi Darling 
Peter Davis 

John C. Despervine (or Taper- 
John Dibble 
Daniel Dike 
John Downing 
Elisha Dunham 
Luther Eaton 
Jonathan Eldridge 
James Farmer 
Edward Forbes 
Calvin Goodno 
Nathan Griffith 
Edmund Grundy 




John Hodgdon 
Benjamin Hodge 
Ephraim Holdridge 
Serg't Jonathan Hunter 
Nathan Jaques 
Prince Jenney 
Nathaniel Joy 
Solomon Kellogg 
William Kilboura 
James Lawrence 
George Leonard 
Lemuel Luddington 
Thomas N. Martin 
Philip McKenzie 
Jacob McLean 
Serg't Thomas McNeill 
Beniamin Mead 
Ely Nichols 
David Page 
Ebenezer Palmer 
Stephen Parker 
Joseph Payne 
Benjamin Plumley 
Jonathan Plumley 
Paul Pond 
Joseph Powers 
Owen Records 
Richard Shaw 
"William Spooner 
Nathan Sprague 
Samuel Sunderland 
Samuel Taylor 
Stephen Terrill 
Jonathan Treadway 
Samuel Walker 
Michael Welsh 
Samuel Wetherell 
Moses Wheeler 
Joshua Whitney 
Abner Wilcox 
Timothy Woodward 


Oliver Alden 
Adam Amsden 
Jesse Banister 
Thomas Banister 
Francis Bates 
Joseph Beaman 
Selah B. Benjamin 

Stephen Bennett, 2nd 
Abner Blackmar 
William Blasdell 
Ephraim Blowers 
Cornelius Bracy 
Abijah Brown 
Hezekiah Carey 
Ebenezer Chace — 
Samuel Church 
Ward Clark 
Shubael Cook 
John Corkins 
John Crafford 
William Cummings 
Josiah Cutler 
Gideon Davis 
James Davis 
Joseph Day 
Benedict Eggleston 
Daniel Evans 
George Fields 
Joseph Freeman 
Jotham French 
Benjamin Glazier 
George Goby &$fa*f 
George Godfry 
Allen Graves 
David Gray 
William Harris, 2nd 
Benoni Hawkins 
John Holly 
Elisha Houghton 
Joseph House 
Joseph Howe 
David Jepson 
Titus Kellogg 
Ezra Keys 
Jabez Knap 
Benjamin Lamb 
Ebenezer Lillie 
Elisha Lincoln 
Asahel Lucas 
John Marble 
Jacob Martin 
Stephen Merrill 
Gideon Myers 
Seth Pollard 
Silas Pratt 
William Pratt 
Humphrey Richardson 
George Robinson 



David Sawyer 

Joseph Smith, 2nd 

Samuel Stacey 

Serg't Nathaniel Thompson 

Ebenezer Temple 

Oliver Tidcl 

Asa Thatcher 

Samuel Thayer 

Simeon Thayer 

Sergt. Nathaniel Thompson 

Ebenezer Upham 

Edward Wade 

Henry Wakelin 

Daniel Welsh 

John Welsh 

Nathan Whipple 

David White 

John Wiley 

John Wiman 

Charles Winchester 


John Allen 
Josiah Bachelder 
James Ball 
Nathan Barker 
Henry Blake 
Joseph Blanchard 
Nathaniel Burbank 
Wells Burbank 
Zebulon Burroughs 
James Campbell, 2nd 
John Chaplin 
Edward Clark 
Joseph Conner 
Moses Darling 
Nathan Edson 
Moses Evans 
Eben Farman 
Manassah Farnsworth 
John Fox 

Serg't Thomas Fuller 
Paul Gale 
Nathaniel Glines 
Alvin Goodall 
Silas Gorham 
Elias Hall 
Pearly Harris 
Archibald Harvey 
Thomas Haseltine 

Starling Heath 
John Jenness 
William Johnston 
John Kelley 
Joab Kimball 
Edward Magoon 
Eleazer Nutting 
Sergt. William Orcutt 
Thomas Osgood 
Foster Page 
Nehemiah Philips 
Edward Pollard 
Daniel Quinley 
John Rollins 
David Rugg 
Ebenezer Sawyer 
Bela Shaw 

Stephen Sweetser 
William Trescott 
Serg't Paul Wells 


Alexander Alford 

Robert Averill 

Daniel Barnum 

Friend Beeman 

Lieut. Peter Benedict 

William Bliss 

Serg't Joseph Bonett 

Samuel Burns 

Isaac Bump 

Benjamin Butcher, 2nd 

Samuel Chase 

John Cobb 

Samuel Collamer 

Ebenezer Cook 

Jared Dixon 

Alexander Durand 

Serg't Thomas Eddy 

Ebenezer Flagg 

Ebenezer Fox 

Lemuel French 

Samuel Fuller 

Serg't Samuel Hill 

Samuel Hinkson 

Lieut. John Hollenback (or Hoi- 

Daniel Howe 
Augustus Lavoke (or Lavoque) 



John Lawrence 

John Martin 

James Morey 

Caleb Nash 

Andrew Neal 

Thomas Newman 

Prince Peters 

Aaron Potter 

Amos Preston 

Reuben Ray 

Isaac Rexford 

Asa Rider 

Freelove Roberts 

Robert Rollins 

Nathan Seymour 

Jabez Spicer 

Roger Stevens 

Lieut. oafiGiu. tolc'vens 

William Straw 

Eliphalet Tomlinson 

Simon Tubbs 

Serg't Hezekiah Tuttle 

Jonathan Wood 

Thomas Woodward 


Josiah Abbott 
Elijah Blodgett 
Gershom Boston 
Samuel Clay 
Chancey Curtis 
Ezekiel Flanders 
David Hagar 
Charles Hanson 
James Luther 
Samuel Martin 
Nathaniel Moulton 
Mansfield Nichols 
Jeremiah Parmelee 
Hinds Reed 
Silas Simonds 
Benjamin Streeter 
Samuel Turner 
Noah Villas 
Robert Wallis 
Lot Woodbury 


Philip Alexander 
John Andrus 

Thomas Atwood 

Benjamin Barnet 

Enoch Beals 

Foard Bears 

Isaac Billings 

Silas Billings 

Joseph Bowdish 

Jeffrey Brace (alias J. Stiles) 

Jude Brown 

John Burlinson 

Isaac Butler 

Abraham Carman 

Roswell Catlin 

Comfort Chaffer 

Ebenezer Chamberlain 

Aaron Chase 

Reuben Craw 

-r^ p—i-l. 

John Delaway 
Jonathan Farnsworth 
Simeon Foster 
Jacob Garland 
Sergt. David George 
Michael George 
David Gibbs 
Obadiah Gilbert 
Joshua Goodridge 
George Gragg 
Lieut. Benoni Grant 
Isaac Gregg 
Benjamin Griswold 
William Heath 
Jehiel Holdridge 
Jehiel Hull 
Wait Hurlbut 
William Jeffords 
Serg't Benjamin Joy 
Micah Joy 
William Kelly, 2nd 
Thomas Keyes 
Eleazer Knapp 
Isaac Lackey 
Samuel Laflin 
Joseph Lamb 
Theophilus Larrabee 
John Lawrence, 2nd 
Benjamin Leach 
John McNamara 
Silas McWithey 
James Miller 
Serg't Samuel Mitchell 



Timothy Mitchell 

Tho. Nash (alias Hunter) 

Samuel Niles 

Elijah Nutting 

John Nutting 

Aaron Olds 

John Otis 

Ansel Patterson 

Ebenezer Pease 

Joel W. Perham 

Daniel Perkins 

Daniel Perkins, 2nd 

David Perrigo 

Putnam Phelps 

James Pierce 

Elijah Pratt 

William Prior 

Trio on Vi "Rcs-nrloll 

Robert Rummells 

William Sanders 

Jacob Seagel 

George Shepard 

Jedediah Sherwood 

Isaac Smith, 2nd 

Ithamer Smith 

Nathan Smith 

Ebenezer Stebbins 

Francis Stewart 

Isaac Tillotson 

Nathaniel B. Torrey 

Serg^t Stephen Trowbridge 

Benjamin Welch 

Ephraim Whitcomb 

David White 

Jared Wilcox 

Asa Wilkins 

Lieut. Josiah Witter 

Gideon V/ood 

Robert Wood 

Roger Woodwarth 

Jehiel W r right 


John Bean 
Benjamin Bell 
Joseph Butler 
William Cady 
Josiah Knight 
William McAllister 
Cloud Monty 
Stephen Paine 


Timothy Abbott 

Samuel Adams 

Amos Allen 

James Andrews 

Michael Archer 

John Barnes 

Edward Bass 

Moses Bates 

Rosiah Beedy 

John Blackmor? 

Lieut Thomas Bingham 

James Bishop 

William Boardman 

Thomas Bogle 

Ananiah Bohonon 

Enoch Bowen 
Charles Bowles 
Moses Bragg 
Abraham Brigham 
Capt. Paul Brigham 
Eleazer Brown 
Benjamin Burgess 
John Burk 
Jonathan Cadwell 
Sergt. Richard Carlton 
Lieut. John Chadwick 
Joseph Chamberlain 
Lieut. Isaac Church 
Jonathan Churchill 
Daniel Cilley 
Reuben Clement 
Salem Colbey 
Edward Cowdery 
Samuel Corless 
Timothy Corless 
Nero Cross 
John Cummings 
Simeon Curtis 
Obadiah Davis 
Gideon Dickinson 
Jonathan Downing 
Ebenezer Drake 
Ichabod Dyer 
Josiah Eastman 
Qm. Sergt. Samuel Edson 
John Fellows 
Jacob Flanders 
Nathaniel Flint 



John Findly 
Samuel Freeman 
Joshua Geary- 
Moses S. George 
Simon Gillet 
Irijah Green 
Amasa Grover 
Nathan Haines 
James Havens 
Joseph Hixon 
Samuel Houghton 
Enoch Hoyt 
Daniel Hunt 
Charles Hunton 
Elisha Hutchinson 
Stephen Jenkins 
Serg't John Keyes 
Yv imam xvmuauc 
Richard Kimball 
Thomas Kinney 
George Knox 
Thomas Lancaster 
Levi Lawrence 
Nathaniel Leeds 
Alexander Leslie 
John Lines 
Samuel Linsey 
Levi Lufkin 
Benjamin Mack 
John Martin 
Thomas May 
Samuel McKellups 
Thomas McKirth 
Benoni Morey 
Joseph Orn 
Nathan Page 
Thomas Parker 
Moses Pearson 
Sergt. Samuel Peck 
Daniel Phiibrick 
Mathew Pratt 
Benjamin Preston 
John Putnam 
John Rand 
Samuel Randall 
Lieut. Joseph Raymond 
Jonathan Read 
John Rice 
Merrick Rice 
Richard Rindge 
Ephraim Rolif 

James Rowell 
Moses Rowell 
Lieut. Cornelius Russell 
Conant Sawyer 
Isaac Skinner 
Benjamin Smith 
John Smith, 3rd 
Jedediah Smith 
Zachariah Smith 
Lemuel Southworth 
Ebenezer Stacey 
Serg't John Stacey 
John Stewart 
Francis Thompson 
George Townsend 
John Underwood 
Lieut. Joseph Wales 

rn, -.-»■»>-,- 

John Welch 
Daniel Wentworth 
Jabez Y\ T ight 
George Williamson 
Jonathan Wills 
Ebenezer Wood 
Daniel Woods 
Peter Youngman 
Thomas Youngman 


Elias Bingham 

Ebenezer Broughton r 

Isaac Clement 

John Cole 

Paul Cook 

Nathan Cross 

Daniel Davison 

Qm. Serg't Seth Eddy 

Isaac Fletcher 

William Hamblett 

Benjamin Hardy 

James Harlow 

John Healy 

Lieut. Jonathan Heath 

Timothy Hinman 

Serg't David Hopkinson 

Moses Hunt 

Humphrey Nichols 

Jonathan Norris 

Moses Norris 

John Palmer 

Simeon Pope 



Joel Priest 

Serg't William Richardson 
David Ripley 
Josiah Roberts 
William Sisco 
Ephraim Skinner 
Joseph Slack 
Benjamin Stebbins 
Jonathan Taylor 
Loring Thompson 
Lieut. Thomas Tolman 
Samuel Turner, 2nd 
John Vance 
Benjamin Varnum 
Edward Welch 
Archipus Wheelock 
Peter Wylie 


Joshua Adams 
Eliakim Aikin 
Eleazer (or John) Albee 
Zebulon Ames 
Samuel Ayres 
Timothy Backus 
Jonathan Bagley 
Peter Baker 
Josiah Baldwin 
John Banker 
Ithiel Barnes 
Alexander Barr 
Ezekiel Beebe 
Brister Bennet 
Jonas Bennet 
Seth Benson 
Benjamin Blossom 
Isaac Bowen 
Daniel Burlingame 
Roger Burr 
Eli Calkin 
Lemuel Chapman 
Benjamin Chamberlain 
Solomon Chittenden 
Asa Clark 
Oren Clark 
Solomon Collins 
Thomas Collins 
William Cook 
David Cross 
John Daniels 

Barnabas Davidson 
John Davis 
Douglas Davison 
Ebenezer Dearst 
Jerathmiel Doty 
Jesse Doud 
Samuel Drew 
Caleb Eddy 
Jonathan Fletcher 
Abel Foster 
Joseph Frost 
Capt. John Fuller 
Seth Gansey 
Cornelius Gibbs 
Thomas Gibbs 2nd 
Ebenezer Gibs 
William Gill 

Jacob Gould 

Daniel Hardy 

Jacob Hibbard 

Serg't Samuel Hill 

Isaac Hoisington 

John Howe 

Joseph Howland 

Jonas Hubbard 

Selah Hubbard 

William Hunt 

Serg't Thomas Hutchinson 

Jonathan Jackson 

Isaiah Jacobs 

Timothy Johnson 

Aaron Keeler 

Amos Kimball 

Jedediah Kimball 

Amos Lawrence 

Moses Leach 

James Ledget 

Simeon Leonard 

Daniel Lincoln 

John Lynch 

James Martin 

John May 

Christopher Miner 

Ichabod Mitchell 

John Moors 

Abraham Moses 

Revivius Newell 

Daniel Newton 

Eliada Orton 

Nathan Osgood 



Joseph Owen 
John Page 
Benjamin Palmeton 
Barzilla Phillips 
James Phillips 
John Phillips 
Joseph M. Pine 
Zebulon Pond 
Peter Powers 
Lemuel Pratt 
John Priest 
Samuel Priest 
Timothy Prince 
Joshua Randall 
Samuel Ranger 
Gilbert Ray 
Luke Roberts 
Simeon Russell 2nd 
Sergt. John Sailings 
Isaac Saunders 
Jacob Sawyer 
Zadock Scribner' 
Henry Sellick 
Jedediah Seward 
David Shays 
Jonathan Sheppard 
Dan Smith 
John Smith 2nd 
Jonathan Smith 
Roger Smith 
Timothy Smith 
William Smith 
Prince Soper 
Ephraim Stephens 
Serg't John Sweetland 
Edward Taylor 
Jacob Thayer 
William Thomas 
Samuel Torrey 
Serg't Solomon Tracy 
Abial Trafton 
Moses Turner 
Qm. Serg't Jabez Ward 
Badwell Watkins 
Jesse Watson 
Elijah Wentworth 
Jonathan Williams 
Thomas Williams 
Henry Wilson 
Joshua Wood 
Josiah Wood 


Benjamin Alden 
George Allen 
Carver Bates 
Ebenezer Bean 
Joseph Bennett 
Parrit Blasdell 
Asa Boutwell 
Thomas Carr 2nd 
Moses Chase 
Timothy Claflin 
Aaron Clough 
Caleb Cotton 
Samuel Currier 
John Davidson 
Jonathan Davis 
Samuel Davis 
Jonathan Delano 
Benjamin Dix 
Nathaniel B. Dodge 
Archelaus Dwinel 
Elisha Goodspeed 
Azariah Grant 
Joseph Hamilton 
Estes Hatch 
Joseph Hobart 
John Hudson 
David Johnson 
Thomas Jones 
Giles Kelsey 
William Kenney 
James Kilborn 
James Latham 
Richard Lyman 
David Mack 
George Martin 2nd 
Obadiah Morse 
Moses Nelson 
Apollos Paddock 
Noah Pearson 
Asa Poland 
Moses Rood W 

Asa Richardson 
Abel Sawyer 
David Sloan 
Timothy Snow^ 
Primus Story 
Elias Taylor 
Lieut. David Thomas 
Thomas Thompson 



Ephraim Town 
David Town 
David V. Town 
John Vinton 
Joshua Wade 
Jeduthun Wait 
Josiah Wright 2nd 


Philip Adams 
Isaac Armsden 
Thomas Atcherson 
George Austin 
Samuel Bailey 
Jeremiah Barrett 
Sergt. Edmund Bemis 
Barzilla Benjamin 
Thomas Betterley 
Solomon Blodget 
Timothy Bolton 
Isaiah Booth 
John Bradley 
Gideon Briggs 
Jacob Brown 
Serg't Silas Brown 
Jonathan Burk 
•John Burnham 
Ebenezer Chamberlain 
Stephen Chase 
Joseph Cleaveland 
Eleazer Cobleigh 
Nathaniel Cole 
Ezekiel Cook 
Josiah Cutler 
Nathaniel Cutler 
John Darling 
Benjamin Davis 
Henry Davis 
John L. Davis 
Amos Dennison 
Peter Derry 
Jonathan Dix 
John Dudley 
Abijah Eaton 
Jonathan Emmons 
Asa Fay 
John Firnham 
Timothy Fisher 
Thomas French 
Gamaliel Gerald 

Thomas Gleason 
Jacob Gilson 
Solomon Gilson 
Andrew Grimes 
Thomas Harris 
Ichabod Higgins 
Asahel Hill 
John Hogan 
Amos Holbrook 
Richard Hunt 
James Huzzey 
Ephraim Jackson 
Robert Jenison 
Benjamin Jewell 
Grindell Keith 
Peter Lamb 
Jacob Laughton 
Samuel Lovering 
Thomas Low 
Jonathan Marble, Jr. 
Jason Makepeace 
Serg't Jesse Marks 
James Mayar 
Sylvester Mattoon 
William Miner 
Samuel Moore 
Samuel Newton 
Miller Paine 
Ezekiel Perham 
Lieut. Joseph Perry 
John Priest 
Amos Puffer 
Stephan Putnam 
Bailey Rawson 
Thomas Reed 2nd 
John Roberts 
John Rozier 
Capt. Amasa Soper 
Jonathan Stearns 
William Steward 
William Stoodley 
Joseph Swain 
Abraham Tuttle 
Joseph Underwood 
Elijah Wallsworth 
Calvin Weld 
John Welinan 
Hezekiah Wetherbee 
Eleazer Whitney 
Timothy Wilcox 
John Williams 2nd 



Nathaniel Wooley 
Asa Miller Wyman 
Uzziah Wyman 


Isaac Adams 
Jonas Adams 
Sergt. Levi Adams 
Samuel G. Allen 
John Atherton 
Joshua Austin 
Samuel Avery 
Joel Babbit 
Elijah Backus 
Hart Balch 
Humphrey Ball 
Hananiah BarKer 
Oliver Barrett 
Howard Bassett 
Zachariah Bassett 
Josiah Bates 
Ebenezer Billings 
Adonijah Bixby 
William Brown 2nd 
Solomon Briggs 
Serg't Jonas Bruce 
Benjamin Bugbee 
Zadock Barnum 
David Burton 
James Byram 
Robert Campbell 
Lieut. Ephraim Carey 
Jedediah Caswell 
Sylvanus Chadwick 
David Chaffin 
Samuel Chase 
Stephen Child 
Joshua Church 
Ephraim Claflin 
Sergt. Samuel Clapp 
Ebenezer Clark 
Paul Clark 
Waters Clark 
Julius Colton 
Serg't William Cone 
' Humphrey Crain 
Ebenezer Currier 2nd. 
Jonas Cutting 
Josiah Dana 
Nathan Davis 

Joseph Demick 

Shadrack Dodge -. 

Charles Dorothy 

Joseph Doubleday 

Robert Dunbar 

Ephraim Dutton 

David Earle 

Samuel Ellinwood 

Oliver Fairbanks 

Ebenezer Farnsworth 

Joseph Farnsworth 

Francis Faxon 

Moses Fay 

Thomas Fay 

Nathan Fellows 

Samuel Finney 

Robert Forrest 

Jonathan Foster 

Prince Freeman 

Jonathan French 

Willard Frink 

James Gaines 

John Gibson 

John Gill 

Serg't Aaron Glazier 

Isaac Glinney 

John Goodrich 

Benjamin Green 

Isaac Green 

Ephraim Griggs 

Jacob Grover. 

Recompence Hall 

Simeon Harrington 

Seth Hart 

Ichabod Hatch 

David Hesselton 

Richard Hill 

Nathaniel Hitchcock 

Serg't Elkanah Hixcn 

Thomas Hoadley 

Benjamin Hoit 

Abraham Holden 

Joseph Holden 

Reuben Holland 

William Holt 

Capt. John House 

Simon Howe 

Serg't Maj. Abner Hubbard 

Samuel Hutchinson 2nd 

Stephen Jennings 

Jedediah Jepherson 



William Jewell 
James Johnson 
Uriah Johnson 
William Kirk 
Daniel Knight 
John Knowze 
William Labaron 
Jonathan Lake 
Shubael Lanphere 
Nicholas Lawrence 
Enoch Learned 
Lieut. Benjamin Lynde 
Edward Lyon 
John Mallard 
DanieL Marsh 
Christopher Martin 
Sergt. Enhraim Martin 
George Martin 
Reuben McCollister 
John Moor Jr. 
John Moore 
Alexander Murray 
Lieut. Samuel Myrick 
Jonathan Newman 
Samuel Newton 2nd 
John Nichols 
Elijah Norton 
Sergt. Benjamin Packard 
Moses Page 
Charles Pain 
Ezekiel Palmer 
Jonah Palmer 
Philemon Parker 
Silas Parker 
John Patrick 
Joseph Pease 
Benjamin Peirce 2nd 
David Peirce 
Joseph Perham 
Abner Perry 
Daniel Perry 
Silas Perry 
Joshua Phillips 
Asahel Powers 
Robert Preston 
Samuel Proctor 
Elnathan Reed 
Jonathan Reynolds 
Isaac Rice 
Lemuel Richards 

Ezra Ritter 

John Robbins 

Rufus Root 

John Row 

Caesar Sankee 

Jonathan Sawyer 

John Scott 

Abbe Severance 

Sylvanus Shaw 

Francis Sinclair 

William Slack 

Nathaniel Smith 

Peter Smith 

Samuel Smith 

Caleb Snow 

Jonathan Snow 

Joshua Spear 

Benjamin Spooner 

Charles Spooner 

Lincoln Stiles 

Phineas Strong 

Artemas Taft 

Frederick Temple 

Benjamin Tenny 

John O. Thacher 
, Joseph Tucker 
' Nathaniel Tufts 

James Upham 

Elisha Ward 

Nathan Watkins 

Thomas Weatherbee 

Thomas Weeden 

Sergt. Asa Wneeler 

Jonathan Wheelock 

Sergt. Jotham Wheelock 

Archibald White 

Francis White 

Benjamin Whitmore 

Abner W T hitney 

John W T hitly 

Levi Wilder 

James Willis 

Caleb Williston 

David Wiswell 

Eleazer Wood 

Ebenezer Woodward 

Nehemiah Woodward 

Timothy Woodworth 

Clark Young 






Lieut. Samuel Adams 
Lieut. James Andrews 
Sergt Ethan Andrus 
Nathaniel Austin 
Sergt. James Barber 
Rufus Barnard 
Ruppe Batchelder 
Calvin Bliss 
Joseph Bird 
Benjamin Bissell 
Alpheus Brooks 
Nathan Brown 
Sergt. Solomon Brown 

Doud Bushnell 
Solomon Carter 
Jirch Chamberlain 
Daniel Champin 
Lemuel Chase 
Ezra Chilson 
Josiah Clark 
William Cook 
James Crane 
Eliakim Culver 
Martin Curtis *^, 
Samuel Darrow 
Moses Dow 
Thomas Dudley 
Abram Duuuing 
Ezra Evarts 
Eliphalet Farnani 
Frederick Frost 
Reuben Gillet 
Adam Gillmore 
Eben Goodenow 
Abner Hall 
Gershom Hall 
Samuel Hall 
John Halsey 
Daniel Hamblin 
John Hamblin 
Levi Hanks 
Abraham HoldeD 
Solomon Howe 
Nathan Hoyt 
Sergt. Allen Hunsdon 

Job Hutchinson 
Lewis Jacobs 
Noah Jones 
Zebulon Jones 
Gershom Justin 
Elijah Keeler 
Stephen King 
Eli Lewis 
John Looker 
Ezra Loomis 
Jonathan Marvin 
Matthew Mason 
Samuel Martin 
Philemon Metcalf 
Richard Miner 
Hebard Morrill 
Bezaleel Myrick 
Solomon Naughton 
Luther Newcomb 
Sergt. William Niles 
James Palmer 
Jacob Peck 
Jathleel Peck 
Reuben Peck 
Dan Pond 
Jacob Post 
Truman Pratt 
Moses Robbins 
Jeremiah Rockwell 
Jonathan Rowell 
Joshua Rugg 
James Shaw 
William Shepard 
Sergt. James Sibley 
Benoni Shurtliff 
Oliver Smith 
Sergt. Roswell Stearns 
Asa Strong 
Hilyer Tanner 
Jesse Thomas 
Joseph Torrence 
Thomas Vradenburgh 
Israel Wadsworth 
John C. Waller 
Benjamin Whitman 
Andrew Wright 
William Young 




Jonathan Aiken 
Sylvester Andrew 
Asa Andrews 
Benjamin Barnard 
Elijah Barton 
Sergt. Lemuel Bishop 
John Blanehard 
Benjamin Bowen 
James Bowen 
John Croswell 
Sergt. Joseph Curtis 
Ellas Demick 
Aaron Denis 
Obadiah Dunham 
Sergt. William Dunton 
John Fuller 
John Frost 
Peter Gould 
Abraham Grimes 
Reuben Gulliver 
James Hamilton- 
Seth Harmon 
Moses Hastings 
Seth Hathaway 
Israel Hays 

Sergt. Isaiah Hendryx 
James Hicks 
Isaac Hill 
Levi Hill 
/As ah el Hollister 
Zaccheus Hovey 
Sergt. Aaron Hubbell 
John Huling 
Adam Hurd 
Elijah Hurd 
Asa Kinne 
Charles Led yard 
Emmons Lillie 
Simeon Littlefield 
Jesse Loomis 
James Merrill 
Josiah Montgomery 
Edward Moore 
Sergt. Grove Moore 
,. Benjamin Morgan 
Joseph Myrick 
Martin Norton 
Zadock Norton 
Zacheriah Paddeford 

Qm. William Park 
Charles Parker 
John Parker 
. Sergt. Eli Pettibone 
^Stephen Pratt 
Elisha Raymond 
Sergt. John Risdon 
Isaac Roberts 
** Sergt. Jacob Safford 
Solomon SafTord 
Lieut. Ephraim Seelye 
Moses Sheldon 
Enoch Sherman 
James Sweet 
Ashbel Sykes 
Joel Taylor 
Joseph Thorp 
Nathaniel Towsley 

James Uran 

Solomon Wade 

Samuel Wallice 

Samuel Walker 

Daniel Warner 

David Weeks 

Ebenezer Welch 

Oliver Wellman 

Prosper Wheeler 

Samuel Wilkinson 

William Wiman 

Noah Woodward 

Solomon Wright 


Asquire Aldrich 
Abner Allen 
Uri Babbitt 
Jethro Bachelder 
Jonathan Badger 
Luther Bailey 
Sergt. Obadiah Barber 
Thomas Beedle 

John Ely 

Elisha Cate 

Daniel Chappel 

Samuel Clark 

Seth Clark 

Zachariah Clifford 

Abner Coe 

Jedediah Coe 

Thomas Colbv 



Abel Conant 
Jonathan Curtis 
Sergt. Samuel Daniels 
Samuel Davis 
Benjamin Deming 
Stephen Dexter 
Benjamin Dow 
Nathaniel Dow 
David Durant 
Sergt. Benjamin Farmer 
Nathaniel Farrington 
Abraham Fuller 
Jason Fuller 
Levi Hall 
Thomas Hall 
Nathaniel Hayward 
James Heath 

Or>- -1 TT-17 

Sergt. Thomas Hill 
Sergt. Henry Hoffman 
Ebenezer Holbrook 
Thomas Hoyt 
Moses Huntley 
Joseph Knight 
"William Knox 
Jonathan Lewis 
Ashbel Martin 
David Martin 
Sergt. Isaac Martin 
James McFarland 
Isaac Miner 
James Miner 
Sergt. Jeremiah Morrill 
Joseph Morrill 
Ephraim Niles 
Lemuel Northrop 
Sergt. Gaius Peck 
•Nathaniel Perkins 
""Oliver Phelps 
Daniel Pike 
Thaddeus Potter 
Jonathan Powers 
Jonathan Randall 
Elijah Ross 
Theophilus Rundlet 
William Sawyer 
Jonathan Sheldon 
Timothy Shurtleff 
Esek Smith 
Samuel Spaulding 
Ebenezer Spencer 

Jonathan Sprague 
Allen Stewart 
Isaac Stowell 
Simeon Walker 
John Walter 
Sergt. Samuel Yv T arner 
Stephen Watkins 
Ephraim Wesson 
Nathaniel Wheeler 
Henry Williams 
Sergt. Joseph Wood 
Benjamin Wright 


Sergt. Abijah Allen 
Nathan Allen 
Elisha Aslilev 
Wyman Averill 
Moses Barnett 
John Beach 
Robert Beach 
Friend Beeman 
Isaac Benham 
James Bennett ■- 
John Blake 
Nathaniel Bloods 
Eber Bradley 
Sergt. Edward Brigham 
Benton Buck 
Justus Byington 
Samuel Calhoun 
Isaac Chace 
Evans Chance 
Benoni Chapin 
Ichabod Chapin 
Archibald Cook 
Solomon Cooley 
Levi Comstock 
John Cunningham 
Sergt. John Curry 
Simon Davis 
Sergt. John Devereaux 
Jarrad Farrand 
Joseph Farrand 
Nathan Fay 
Jeremiah Fisher 
John Forbes 
Asa Graves 
Thadeus Graves 
Zachariah Hart 



Sergt. Elnathan Higbo 
Abel Hildreath 
Leonard Hodges 
Simon Hutchins 
Daniel Isham 
Jirah Isham 
David Lainson 
Elon Lee 
Elisha Leonard 
Moses Leonard 
Abierther Lincoln 
John Linkon 
Elisha. Meech 
Samuel Mills 
Daniel Morse 
John Moses 
Nathaniel Newell 
Ellas Nye 
Elisha Owens 
John Palmer 
Samuel Parks 
Robert Pennell 
Thomas Pierpoint 
Daniel Robins 
Josiah Sheldon 
Jacob Snider 
Daniel Stearns 
Eliphaz Steele 
Jesse Stockwell 
James Taylor 
Thomas Tousley 
Jabez J. Warner 
David Webster 
Joseph Willcox 


Sergt. Edward Adams 
Joseph Ball 
Orsamas Bailey 
Joseph Booty 
Nathan Bucher 
Gilman Clough 
Mills De Forrest 
Samuel Howe 
John Hughs 
John Melendy 
Sergt. John Merrill 
Serge. Jacob Schoff 
Amos Underwood 


Lieut. Joseph Andrews 
Jeremiah Austin 
John Austin 
John Badger 
Whit more Beardsley 
Asahel Berry 
Reuben Bruce 
Zebulon Buker 
Eiiphalet Carpenter 
William Castor 
Daniel Chandler 
Oliver Collier 
Henry Collins 
Luther Cooley 
Abel Davis 
Cornelius Davis 
Kitteridge Davis 
Arthur Dorrah 
Ralph Ellenwood 
Reuben Evarts 
Abel Fairbanks 
Jonathan Farnsworth 
James Fisk 
Asa Fleming 
Ezekiel Fullington 
Francis Goodridge 
Elihu Grout 
Erastus Hathaway 
John Hay ward 
Joseph Herriman 
James Hill 
Uri Hill 

Sergt. Luke Hitchcock 
Jonas Houghton 
Nathan Hoyt 
John Hunkins 
Ephraim Jewel 
Jonah Johnson 
Israel Jones 
Philip Ingram 
Ruel Keith 
Unite Keith 
Asa Ladd 
Edmund Lamb 
Richard Lattin 
Jonathan Mahurin 
Samuel Miller 
Rufus Montague 



David Packard 
Am os Page 
Parker Page 
Thomas Page 
Sergt. Josiah Peekham 
Rufus Perrigo 
Amos Philips 
Ezekiel Pond 
George Potwine 
Sergt. Truman Powell 
Sergt. Simeon Presbrey 
Silas Reynolds 
William Sergeant 
Elijah Shaw 
John Shirtliff 
John Stearns 
Jonathan Stickney 
jacoo Truax 
Jeremiah Utley 
Peter Verano 
Jeremiah Virginia 
Isaiah Washburne 
Edward Whitmore 
Salmon Willoughby 
Asa Willson 
Perez Wright 


John Bush 
John Knight 
Joseph Phelps 
James Sternberger 
Stephen Sweet 
Sergt. Church Tabor 


Reuben Adams 
Amaziah Ainsworth 
Sluman Allen 
Walcott Allyn 
Aaron Andrews 
Nathaniel Avery 
Jesse Bailey 
William Ballou 
Sergt. George Barneld 
Moses Bartholomew 
Aaron Bayley 
Peter Bayley 
Josiah Bigelow 
Barna Biglow 

Ezra Blasdell 
John Brown 
William Brown 
Sylvester Bugbee 
John Bushnell 
David Carlton 
William Carlisle 
Elias Carpenter 
John Carpenter 
Jonathan Carpenter 
Cephas Child 
Sergt. Joseph Clark 
Forest Cloud 
Lemuel Coburn 
Jesse Cogswell 
Enoch Coiton 
John Coiton 
Francis Davis 
Sergt. Edward Dodge 
Cushnian Downer 
James Downer 
Amos Dwinell 
Eliab Edson 
Ariel Egerton 
Samuel Eggleston 
Benjamin Falch 
Josiah Flagg 
William Freeman 
Zebulon Gitchell 
John Guild 
Daniel Hackett 
Asa Hatch 
Isaac Heath 
John Hobart 
Roger Hovey 

Sergt. Samuel Hovey 

Perley Howe 

Aaron Hurd 

Seth Hunt 

Hiram Huntington 

Abijah Hutchinson 

Ichabod Hyde 

Joseph Jenkins 

Samuel Johnson 

Phineas Kellogg 

Israel Kibbie 

Patrick Kennedy 

Jonathan Ladd 

Levi Leavitt 

Lieut. John Lyman 

Benjamin Martin 



Joshua Martin 
John Matson 
Thomas McKnight 
Nathaniel Morrill 
Sergt. James Morris 
Moses Morse 
Elisha Newhall 
William Nutt 
Daniel Nye 
Nathaniel Oak 
Samuel Odway 
Richard Paine 
Capt. Samuel Paine 
Edward Pease 
Daniel Perkins — 
Elisha Philips 
Sergt. Isaac Pinney 
Samuel Plumlev 
James Pressey 
Israel Putnam 
Job Reed 

Sergt. William Rolfe 
Asa Smith 
Roswell Smith 
Ambrose Stebbins 
Lieut. Mansfield Tappan 
Sergt. Ashbel Tucker 
Jonah Washburn 
Amos Wheeler 
Eli White 
Elijah Whitney 
William Wight 


Serg't James Adams 
John Adams 
Elijah Allen 
Martin Allen 
Jonathyn Allyn 
Martin Barney 
Christopher Bartlett 
Joel Eenton 
Sergt. David Bl an chard 
Benjamin Burton 
Bowman Chadwick 
Isaac Child 
John Clifford 
Samuel Cobb 
Phineas Cowles 
Serg't William Craigue 

John Currier 
Lieut. Joseph Curtis 
Daniel Davidson 
Jonathan Foster 
Silas French 
Daniel Frost 
Samuel Henry 
Frederick W. Herman 
Isaac Hinman 
Joseph Hyde 
John Keison 
William Lang 
George Little 
James Little 
John Mills 
Nathan Nye 
Serg't Aaron Parker 
Andrew Peabody 

Ju&ejju. I'.riCC.t 

Qm. Eber Robinson 
Jonathan Robinson 
Peter Sanborn 
Joseph Scott 
Amos Smith 
Nehemiah Snow 
Barzilla Spaulding 
Lemuel Sturdevant 
Stephen Tilden 
Serg't Robert Trumbull 
Benjamin Walker 
Robert Waterman 
Serg't Joseph E. Westgate 
Nathan Willcox 
Caleb Young 


Peter Ames 

Moses Ambler 

Asa Anderson 

Oliver Arnold 

Martin Ashley 

Isaac Atwood 

Daniel Ballard 

Lemuel Barden 

Philbrook Barrows 

Silas Bartlett 

Nicholas Barton 

Samuel Bennett 

Simeon Biglow 

Caleb Blanchard 

Serg't Timothy Boardman 

Consider Bowen 



Enos Briggs 
Asa Brown 
Daniel Buell 
Lieut. Levi Buell 
Joseph Burk 
William Burnam 
Samuel Burnell 
Asa Carver 
Rufus Carver 
Wait Chatterton 
Serg't Penuel Child 
Caleb Churchill 
Nathaniel Churchill 
Ezra Clark 
Ichabod G. Clark 
John Collins 
Serg't Abel Cooper 
Hoya^x vruiuu; 
Serg't Joseph Daggett 
Serg't David Dana 
Asa Darbe 
Enos Dean 

Serg't Nathan Denison 
William Dowe 
James Dowling 
Joshua Durant 
Walter Durfee 
Joel Earle 
Serg't Eli Eastman 
Abram Eaton 
Daniel Eaton 
Enoch Eaton 
Serg't Jesse Eddy 
Jotham Ford 
Peter Fox 
Nathan Freeman 
Pearson Freeman 
Serg't Amasa Fuller 
Serg't Eli Gale 
Serg't Nehemiah Gates 
Serg't Samuel Gates 
Solomon Gibbs 
Simeon Gilbert 
W T illiam Gilkey 
John Godding 
Daniel Goodenow 
Serg't Simeon Goodrich 
Thomas Gould 
Serg't Andrew Grant 
David Graves 

William Graves 
Serg't Allen Green 
Peleg Green 
Uzziah Green 
Samuel Griswold 
Hilkiah Grout 
Peter Hall 
John Hamblin 
Thomas Hammond 
Uriah Harrington 
Richard Haskins 
Joseph Hawkins 
Moses Hawkins 
Reuben Heath 
Minor Hilyard 
Jeremiah Hoit 
Serg't Titus Holmes 


Serg't Abel Horton 

John Howe 

Caleb Howland 

Zebulon Jewetts 

Ozias Johnson 

Oliver Ide 

Lent Ives 

Preserved Kellogg 

Nathaniel Keyes 

Peter Keyes 

Serg't Elias King 

Theodore King 

Joel Knapp 

Levi Larkin 

Josiah Lawrence 

Serg't Abel Lewis 

Elijah Lillie 

Stephen Long 

Ezekiel Longley 

Oliver Loom is 

Eleazer Lyman 

Willard Mann 

Seth Martin 

John McDonald 

Jonathan Merrill 

David Meriam 

Samuel S. Merriman 

John V. Miller 

Serg't Caleb Morgon 

Sergt. Solomon Moulton 

Elias Munger 

Serg't Benjamin Needham 



Joseph Newell 

Theodore Newell 

James Noble 

John Noble 

William Noble 

Jonathan Orras 

Samuel Owen 

Henry Packer 

Serg't Abel Paine 

Ephraim Parker 

Serg't Samuel Parker 

Thomas Parmenter 

Eliphalet Patee 

Isaac Peck 

John Pepper 

Israel Phillips 

Serg't Daniel Piatt 

Klias rosi. 

Serg't Simeon Post 

Serg't Caleb Potter 

Daniel Potter 

Serg't John Potter 

Zimri Pratt 

Lieut. Silas Procter 

"William Putrin 

John Randall 

Jonathan Remington 

Lieut. Jonathan Reynolds 

Lieut. Jonas Rice 

Jonas Rich 

Stephen Richardson 

Bela Rogers 

Lieut. Charles Rogers 

Jeremiah Rogers 

Thomas Rogers 

Serg't Moses Root 

Serg't Rufus Ross 

John Scott 

Elijah Seger 

David Shipherd 

Jesse Slayton 

Isaac Southworth 

Jasher Southworth 

Aaron Smith 

Pliny Smith 

Isaac Spalding 

Ebenezer Squires 

Asa Staples 

Simeon Stevens 

Gould Stiles 

Abel Taft 

Serg't Gideon Terney 
Thomas Todd 
Serg't John Tolman 
Elijah Trull 
Wait Tucker 
James Walker 
Stephen Ward 
Thomas Ward 
Eleazer . Warner 
Phinehas Whitney 
Joel Willis 
Serg't Silas Willis 
David Wood 
Henry Woodhouse 
Amos Yeaw 
Simeon Young 

WASJtl.UV(ii\)iN GOUjnxx. 

Moses Ainsworth 
Asahel Allen 
Abiather Austin 
Zebedee Beckley 
James Britain 
Eliada Brown 
John Brown 
Ezra Butler 
Joseph Buzzell 
Thomas Cutler 
Ebenezer Dodge 
Abel Dust in 
Serg't Thomas Foster 
Thomas French 
Benjamin Fuller 
Serg't Josiah Goodell 
Gilbert Hatch 
Reuben Hawks 
Samuel Henderson 
Stephen Jones 
Enos Kellogg 
Martin Kellogg 
Serg't Elias Kingsley 
Elisha Lathrop 
Jeremiah Leland 
Jesse Martin 
John Mellen ^ 
Aaron Miner ^ 
Joshua Morrill 
John Morse 
Daniel Moses 
Andrew Nealey 




Robert Parker 
Azel Parkhurst 
Peter Reed 
Phinehas Rider 
Timothy Roberts 
Amos Robinson 
Serg't Asher Robinson 
Noah Robinson 
Abial Shattuck 
Joseph Sherman 
Abraham Shipman 
Amasa Skinner 
Eli Skinner 
Jared Skinner 
Darius Spaulding 
Silas Spalding 
Ephraim Stone 
Edniunci Town 
Elisha Town 
James Town 
James Twing 
Samuel Upham 
Curwin Wallis 
Philip White 
Elisha Wilcox 
Ephraim Willey 
Serg't Uriah Wilkins 
Elijah Wright 
Jonathan Wright 


Hezekiah Abbey 
Samuel Adams 
William Bartlett 
John Bemis 
Samuel Bennett 
Serg't William Black 
Serg't Lamech Blauden 
David Blood- 
David Bond 
Phinehas Bond 
Darius Bullock. 
Israel Bullock 
John Carpenter 
James Case 
Serg't Samuel Chaffin 
Henry Chandler 
Hiel Chandler 
Nathaniel Cheney 
Charles Colton 

Simeon Conant 
Elisha Cook 
Joseph Crumb 
Joshua Davis 
Samuel Davis 
Archelaus Dean 
Joseph Dunton 
Maverick Eaton 
Elijah Elmer 
Colton Evans 
Pearl ey Fairbanks 
Eliphalet Felt 
Abiah Fuller 
Benjamin Furniss 
Asa Gale 
Nahum Goodenow 
Abel Grant 
Serg't Amos ijray 
Ellis Griffith 
Jesse Guild 
Ephraim Hall 
John Harris 
Levi Hayward ■**" 
Jonas Hazeltine 
Samuel Hiscock 
Abraham Hill 
Joel Hill 
Ephraim Holden 
Elihu Hotchkiss 
Jonathan Huntley 
Edmund Ingalls 
William Jenison 
Amos Joy 

Serg't Eleazer Kendall 
John Kidder 
Nathan Knowlton 
Henry Lake 
Moses Larnard 
Samuel Larrebee 
Abner Lewis 
Reuben Lippinwell 
Jesse Marsh 
William Marsh 
Phinehas Mather 
Rufus Moore 
Elijah Morse 
Benjamin Murdock 
Joseph Muzzy 
Marshall Newton 
Jabez Paine 
Ebenezer Parker 




Samuel Parker 
Andrew Parsons 
Levi Perry- 
Francis Phelps 
John Philips 
Oliver Philips 
Elijah Pike 
George Porter 
Amos Prouty 
William Ranney 
Ezekiel Ransom 
Benjamin Reed 
Serg't Frederick 
Mark Richards 
"William Robinson 
Samuel Rockwood 
T.iVnt. Jnspph Rodders 
Zepheniah Shepardson 
Serg't Asa Smith 
David Smith 
Ebenezer Smith 
Ephraim Smith 
Hezekiah Smith 
John Smith 
Samuel Spanlding 
John Stearns 
Serg't William Stearns 
John Stowell 
Joel Streeter 
Ebenezer Taft 
William Taft 
Amasa Tiffany 
David Tottingham 
Joseph Tuttle 
Sergt. Samuel Viall 
James Walker 
Serg't Beriah Wheeler 
Abiel Whitman 
John Wier 
Aaron Wilder 
Samuel Wiswall 
Artemas Woodard 
Jonathan Wool ley 


Joseph Abbott 
Timothy Adams 
John Adye 
Israel Aikin 
John Aikin 

Noah Aldrich 
Quartus Alexander 
Phineas Alvord 
Matthew Atherton 
John Austin 
John Austin 

(not a duplicate) 
Samuel Axtel 
Lyman Bache 
Stephen Backus 
Stephen Baker 
Isaac Baldwin 
Jason Banister 
Dan Barnard 
Joel Barret 

Serg't Luther Bartholomew 
Thomas Bayley 
Josiah Belknap 
Amos Bemis 
John Bennett 
Samuel Bennett 
William Bennett 
John Billings - 
Isaac Bisbee 
Levi Bishop 
Jonathan M. Bissell 
Serg't Josiah Blake 
John Blood - 

Lieut. Benjamin Bosworth 
Jewett Boyington 
William Bragg 
Chaplain Daniel Breck 
Reuben Brooks 
Solomon Brown 
Joel Burbank 
Silas Burdoo 
Nathaniel Burgess 
Ebenezer Burnham 
William Butman 
Manessah Cady 
Nedabiah Cady 
Abel Camp 
Barnabas Caswell 
Josiah Chandler 
William Chandler 
Serg't Calvin Chapin 
Gideon Chapin 
John Chase 
Moses Chase 
Serg't Waldo Cheney 
Lyman Child 



Joshua Church 
Benjamin Clark 
Serg't Daniel Clark 
Squier Cleveland 
Samuel Cleveland 
Stephen Cleveland 
Nathan Cobb 
David Colburn 
Solomon Coleman 
Oliver Cook 
Edward Corlew 
Bibye L. Cotton 
Serg't Thomas Craig 
Serg't Thomas Craige 
Amos Cram 
Noah Crocker 
Holmes Cushman 
Daniel Davis 
Joel Davis 
James L. Dean 
Jeremiah Dean 
Darius Dewey 
Martin Diggins 
Samuel Dike 
Asahel Doubleday 
Gershom Dunham 
David Edgerton 
Serg't Enoch Emerson 
Solomon Emmons 
Nathaniel Farr 
Elijah Farrington 
Thomas Fay 
Nathan Felch 
Stephen Fisk 
Daniel Fletcher 
Abel Fling 
Jacob Foster 
Joseph Foster 
Rufus Foster 
Edmund Freeman 
Joseph French 
Josiah Gibbs 
Stephen Gibbs 
Sergt. William Gibson 
John Giddings 
Peter Gilson 
Asa Green 
Isaac Green 
Luther Grover 
Zebedee Hackett 

Henry Hall 
Serg't Jacob Hall 
Jonathan Hall 
John Haraden 
William Harlow 
Samuel Harrington 
Luke Harris 
Jacob Haskill 
John Haskel 
Prince Haskell 
Serg't Adrian Hatch 
Josiah Hatch 
Joseph Hawkins 
Solomon Hayward— 
Solomon Hazen 
Ephraim Heald 
Isaac Hincher 
Seth Hodges 

Lieut. Thomas Hodgkins 
Ebenezer Hoisington 
Samuel Howe 
Joseph Hulett 
Jonathan Ingersoll 
Calvin Johnson 
Jonathan Jones 
Josiah Jordan 
Simeon Keith 
" Isaac Kendall 
Jacob Kendall 
Serg't Elias Keyes 
John Kibling 
Serg't Daniel King 
Oliver Lauthrop 
Surgeon Joseph Lewis 
Darius Liscomb 
Caleb Litchfield 
Daniel Love joy ■ . 

Simeon Lcverin 
Ezra Lowell 
Asa Lull 
David Lurnbard 
John Lurnbard 
Alvan Marcy 
Chester Marcey 
Gardener Marcey 
Henry McNelly 
Samuel Metcalf 
Anderson Miner 
David Morehouse 
Serg't Aaron Mosher 


165- lU(c 

Israel Newton 
David Nichols 
William Nichols 
Dan Niles 
Elisha Orcutt 
Oliver Osgood 
James Parker 
Stephen Parsival 
Justin Parsons 
Joseph Patterson 
Moses Peabody 
John Perkins 
Walter Pollard 
Simeon Pomeroy 
Serg't Asahel Powers 
Thomas Powers 
Asa Piati 
Nathan Pratt 
Thomas Prentiss 
Timothy Proctor 
Ezra Putnam 
Stephen Reed 
Joseph Remington 
Eliakim Rice 
Jason Rice 
Samuel Robbins 
Henry Robey 
Serg't Reuben Robinson 
Eliphalet Rogers 
Juduthun Rogers 
John Root 
Elijah Royce 
Jeremiah Rust 
Oliver Rust 
George Sampson 
Philemon Sampson 
Silas Sears 
Calvin Seaver 
Ebenezer Severance 
Lemuel Shaw 
Daniel Sherwin 
Samuel Shipman 
Joshua Simmons 
Luther Skinner 

Asahel Smith 
Paul Smith 
Abraham Snow 
Thomas Southgate 
Ezra Spaulding 
Gardner Spooner 
Philip Sprague 
Seth Sterling 
David Stimson 
Nathaniel .Stone 
Timothy Stone 
William Strong 
Joseph Taggart 
Joseph Taylor 
Leonard Taylor 
Josiah Tilden 

Seth Tinkham 
Benjamin Thatcher 
Andrew Thomas 
Peleg Thomas 
John Thurston 
Lyman Tolman 
James Topliff 
James Tracy 
Nahum Trask 
Serg't Retire Trask 
Serg't John Wallace 
Abraham Waterman 
Elisha W T aterman 
Serg't W T illiam Waterman 
Daniel Weatherbee 
Jesse Williams 
Thomas Williams 
Sylvanus Willis 
Solomon Wilson 
Jonathan Whitcomb 
Andrew White 
Solomon White 
Joseph Wood 
Peter Woodbury 
Asa Wright 
Nathaniel Wright 




Active Members, 1904-5 8-14 

Address, Hon. C. H. Darling 58-89 

Annual Meeting, 3 903 , , 21 

Annual Meeting, 1904 27 

Adjourned Meeting, Oct., 1904 28 

Adjourned Meeting, Nov., 1904 36 

Act Amending Charter . . ■. . 5, G 


Babbitt, J. H., sketch of . .-. 38 

Benedict, G. G., President's Address 49-55 

Brown, Allan D., sketch of 38, 9 

By-Laws, as revised 14-20 


Conland, Dr. James, sketch of 40-1 

Constitution, as revised 15, 16 

Corresponding Members 14 

Crockett, W. H., paper 93-106 


Dale, George N., sketch of 41, 2 

Darling, Charles H., address 59-89 


Election of Officers, 1903 26 

Election of Officers, 1904 31 

Fay Records, Recovery of 49-55 


Hall, Henry D., sketch of 42, 3 

Hazen, Rev. H. A., sketch of .43 

Honorary Members . ., 14 


Isham, E. S., sketch of » 44 


Joint Resolution of General Assembly 4 


Macdonough, Thomas, paper on 59-89 


New Members, 1903 107 

New Members, 1904 .. .. 112-13 


Officers, 1903-4 26 

Officers, 1904-5 7, 8 


Philippine Curios 33, 113 

Pensioners, Invalid 143-53 

Pensioners under act of 1832 154-65 


Report of Managers, 1903 22 

Report of Managers, 1904 28-30 

Report of Special Committee on Revision of Constitution 

and By-Laws 108-12 

Reports of Treasurer .. ., 107, 8 

Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Vermont 114-42 

Revolutionary Relics 22, 113 


Standing Committees ..26, 34 

Smith, Gen. W. F., sketch of .45, 6 

Valentine, A. B., sketch of 46, 7 

Wood, Thomas W„ sketch of 47, 8 



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